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Han Dynasty

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by

Steph Gorges

on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of Han Dynasty

In what ways did the Han Dynasty improve government and daily life in China?
End of Qin Dynasty
Han Dynasty
206 BCE - 220 CE
Han Dynasty
Failed to rule with humanity
Many peasant rebellions (high taxes, harsh labor)
Shi Huangdi’s death and son failed as a ruler
Lost the Mandate of Heaven
Liu Bang
Defeated others for power
Established Han Dynasty
Combination of legalistic philosophy and Confucianism
"The Martial Emperor"
Defeats Xiongnu (nomads) & expands empire
Built an enormous bureaucracy
Built roads and canals
Established Confucian educational system for training bureaucrats
Government
Centralized and organized gov't
Qualified educated gov't officials
People pay taxes and supply labor and military service
Government uses peasant labor to carry out public projects
Civil Service Exam
Scores determined who received jobs
Exams based on Confucian ideals
No favoritism
Expansion
Technological Advancements
Advances in Agriculture:
Han Military:
All men served in army for 2 yrs (25-60 yrs old)
Han armies 130,000-300,000 men
Technologies - iron, fish scale armor, longer iron swords, and crossbow
Imperial University
Prepare men for gov't service
Focus on Confucianism
Tools - chain pump, wheelbarrow, plow, and molds for iron
Commodities:
Silk
Salt
Gentry
Peasants
Merchants
*Typically only gentry had the money to prep for the civil service exam.
Patriarchal society
Patriarchal society
Patriarchal society
Trade/Barter
Military

Peasants (Agriculture)
_
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*Family = most important relationship (veneration of ancestors)
Ruling elite
Craftsman/Artisans
Peasants
Slaves
Standard currency
Increased Trade
Silk Roads - silk/salt
Tributary System of Trade
Lack of Government
Decentralized
Government
Legalist, centralized gov't
Qin Shi Huangdi
Bureaucratic, centralized gov't
Han WuDi -
civil service exam/university
Influenced by Confucianism
Unified China
Beginning of Great Wall
Standardized currency
Standardized Chinese script
Expansion of territory
Strong bureaucracy
Civil service exam
Wheelbarrow, chain pump, sword (use of iron)
Paper & Silk
Mandate of Heaven
Iron metallurgy
Mandate of Heaven
Spiritual realm
Confucianism
Daoism
Legalism
Schools of Thought
Legalism
(other philosophies not tolerated)
Confucianism
Han Wudi
Love for wealth and pleasure
Eunuchs had more power than scholar rulers
Infighting among elites
Fiscal crisis (broke) yet large military spending
Raised taxes on peasants (not large landowners)
Peasants get angry & revolts
Yellow Turban Uprising (land distribution)

Fall of the Han Dynasty
Full transcript