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Transcript of Violins
by Vrinda M
The History of Violins
Violins in Orchestras
Facts: Did you know...
Orchestra Role and Position
Your All Ears...
Back to the Future:
Our Current Violin
The early Violin
Back in the Days...
The genius of the Violin
What is a violin?
Wanna learn more...?
The violin is an orchestral instrument found in the string section and it is the smallest member in its family. It is played by either being plucked by finger or played by horse-tail hair bow.
The average violin has 4 strings. The violin is an orchestral instrument tuned in perfect fifths. The members in its family (the string section) include Double Bass, Cello, Viola and the Violin. Another member, honorary is the harp which is occasionally used in orchestras but very rarely . There are always two violins in the string family and generally more. There are two violin sections; Violin 1 and Violin 2. The purpose of both of these sections is to that they play different parts. Violin number 1 plays a higher part and Violin two the lower part. The first violin plays the melody and the second violin plays the harmony in an orchestra.
The violin and the viola are often mistaken to be the same, as they both have different strings and sounds. The name itself comes from a Latin word vitula meaning a stringed instrument. Many people believe that this is the origin of the fiddle.
The original idea of the violin was invented back in the early 1500 in Italy being derived from a version of the fiddle and the rebec. It is also believed to have been evolved from an instrument from the Renaissance period, the lira da braccio. The violin is also related to both the viol and viola. The earliest recorded makers of the violin were Gasparo de Salo and Giovanni Paolo Maggini.
The early violin was not considered popular, but an instrument of lower quality, importance and class. It was only till the 1600's that the reputation of the violin rose to higher popularity.
Although unsuccessful, many had attempted to alter the violin majorly, however, there have been interesting minor contributions.
The early violin is very different to the current violin as the early violins neck was much thicker and shorter, the fingerboard was also shorter and the strings where made, not of delicate horse tail hair, but of gut.The violin has come to look the way it was thanks to the skilled hands of Italian violin makers in the 16th century with further improvements to make the modern violin in the 18th and 19th century. Though all violins are beautiful collectors and violinists crave the violins created by the hands of Gasparo de Salo, Giovanni Paolo Maggini and Stardivari.
By the nineteenth and twentieth century violins had gone from "talk to the hand" standard to trading market standard as places including; France, Germany, parts of Austria and Italy, Europe and Bohemia had adopted it and began producing violins rapidly.
The violins were not used often and commonly as they are now in orchestra, but were incorporated into some operas in the last five centuries.
The violin we have in the twenty-first century is unique and developed. The appeal of the violin has drastically risen.
The pitch of the violin has risen and the volume has risen to produce sounds in orchestra's as their used has become more pronounced and delegated to playing in orchestra's.
Violins generally play the harmony in the orchestra. Violin 2 can also play the harmony. They are used to play higher pitched sounds and create a mood as they combine with the other instruments in the orchestra. Their role is generally the same as a clarinets.
About the Violin.
The challenges of playing the violin include:
Playing in constant tune
Reading Music at orchestral speed
Movement of the arms and fingers
Apart from that the most common thing is to practise. The violin requires constant practise and dedication. The violin can easily go out of tune and basics can be forgotten.
While playing the violin you burn 170 calories an hour!
The modern Violin contains over 70 separate pieces of wood.
Violinists are able to use both sides of the brain better than most non-violinists
The world's smallest violin is less than 1 centimetres long in body and fits into a box of matches. It is made from a piece of wood the size of a thumbnail and it took 7 years to make.