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Medieval Music

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by

Nelson Smith

on 19 September 2013

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Transcript of Medieval Music

Why was music played?
There was very little music played during the Dark Ages, but with influence from many foreign cultures, music became something that helped changed society. The church had a large influence on music, as nearly all music was written for the church. Music was played during and between meals, because it was believed to help with the digestion of food.
Who was music played for?
Where was music played?
Medieval music was played loudly in towns during special events like christmas, so that the whole town could hear the music wherever they went. It was played during royal occasions, banquets, civic ceremonies and trade fairs (flea markets). Music was also widlely used in churches as a new way of worshipping god (music could be sung along with hymms)
Music during the
Middle Ages

Types of Instruments
Bagpipes: The most wonderful instrument in the world. Originally from Scotland, and used in battle with their war cries. During the middle ages, it was appreciated by all levels of society
Harp: During this period, there were no strings, so musicians used either horsehair or sheep intestines
Lizard: It hosted a pleasant tone, that blended well with singing voices. It was also known as the bass of the cornet family.
Lute: It was often played as an accompaniment-strumming instrument to singing, but it could also sound good when played solo, as it was quite “eloquent”.
Crumhorn: One of the oldest
known reed instruments,
it was very popular during the
middle ages, as it had a
“double reed”.


Hurdy-Gurdy: It was the first string instrument to have the same principles as the piano, and it became an ideal instrument to dance to.
Zink: It was used inside, outside, in serious music, dance music, town bands, rural households, at church, and court. It came closer than any other instrument to a human singing voice.


Music was an essential part of life during the time period. Music was often played during holidays and special parties (weddings, birthdays,etc.). It was played for people who were in love, and while the rich ate their meals.
END
Nelson Smith &
Ryan Gallagher

2 types
Mass
made up of The God Word and the Eucharist
Office
for everyday services
made of the Psalms and Prayers
Syllabic

Neumatic

Melismatic
Pope Gregory II
Charlemagne
Monophonic
2 or more melody lines at the same time
Developed into
Responsorial
Antiphonal
Processional
Octaves
Organum
Léonin
Types of music from the Middle Ages
Gregorian Chants




Polyphony
Recording the Music
Franco of Cologne
Petrus de Cruce (Pierre de la Croix)
Composers
Who played it?
Troubadours
Trouveres
Jongleurs
Bards
The Church
The Wait
Full transcript