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collapse of the soviet union

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by

Don Koop

on 13 May 2014

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Transcript of collapse of the soviet union

USSR-from Cold War to Collapse
Krushchev
Brezhnev
Gorbachev
Yeltsin
grandson of a serf, son of a coal miner
denounced Stalin in a speech in 1956 after Stalin's death
Bay of Pigs, Cuban missile Crisis, U-2 bomber shot down
resigned in 1964
in power 1955-1964
"destalinization"
November 1956-Hungarian Uprising
in power 1964-1982
Detente (French for "relaxed"-less confrontational than brinkmanship
SALT I-signed 1972 US-USSR
In power 1985-1991
Andropov 1982-1984 Chernenko 1984-1985
Strategic Arms Limitations Talks
SALT II US Congress would not ratify due to Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979
1985 announced a policy of "glasnost:" Free flow of ideas and information.
1985-perestroika: economic restructuring. Did not want to throw out communism but to make it more efficient and productive.
1987-Democratization-allowing some voting for party leaders
Brinkmanship
Detente
Glasnost, perestroika
Collapse of the Soviet Union
Realized USSR could not afford arms race-sighed INF treaty with Reagan in 1987
Poland was Communist; became free during this time thanks to Union leader Lech Walesa (Union was called "Solidarity.")
Hungarian communists disband
Fall of the Berlin Wall
East Germany-Communist
West Germany-Democratic
Berlin in East Germany.
East Berlin-Communist
West Berlin-Democratic
East Germans started escaping to West Germany by way of Hungary to Austria.
East German leader closed borders-people protested.
East German leader opened Berlin Wall on November 9th, 1989.
Built in 1961
1990-1999.
August Coup against Gorbachev helped breakup.
Yugoslavia falls apart.
by 1991 there is no Soviet Union (USSR) just independent states, with Russia the largest.
Remember Stalin?
in power 1922-1952
World War II
Purges
Totalitarian State
5 year plans
willing to go to the "brink" of war."
1989
forced free market!
Putin
1999-today
Russia today a democracy with with limited freedom
Full transcript