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Bionic Body Parts

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Kyle Last Name

on 30 April 2015

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Transcript of Bionic Body Parts

1500s
Advantages
Disadvantages
Competition
Bionic Body Parts
1800s to 1900s
History
424 B.C. to 1 B.C.
First ones were made of wood, and had little movement
Paré is considered the first person to perform amputation surgery and prosthetic design.
In 1843, Sir James Syme found a new method of ankle amputation.
A possibility on walking with prosthetic feet.
In 1846, Benjamin Palmer improved the Selpho leg by adding anterior spring.
1800s to 1900s cont.
In 1969, Pieter Verduyn developed the first non-locking below the knee which later became joint of creating limbs.
Bionic limbs can replace amputated limbs
It takes less energy to use present-day bionic limbs to walk
People have more mobility compared to using a wheelchair
It makes people feel less out of place when they walk with bionic legs
They can blend into the crowd easily
It helps patients psychologically and increases their self-esteem
It helps them to perform everyday tasks easier
Getting bionic limbs costs a lot of money
Surgery and amputation already costs a lot
Bionic limbs are only given at certain hospitals
Bionic arms can be uncomfortable to shoulders
Electronic limbs may not be suitable for all terrains, such as rain
Metal parts can irritate skin where limbs used to be
Prosthetic limbs will eventually break down and require maintenance
Bionic limbs cannot fully imitate the original organic limb
People controlling these prosthesis may have trouble controlling their strength
A lot of physical therapy is needed to be able to reuse missing limbs
Putting on and taking off bionic limbs can be very time-consuming
Disadvantages cont.
What are bionic limbs?
Present-day prosthesis are so advanced that they can be controlled by thought
Although prosthesis have been around for a long time, bionic body parts are still a fairly new and advanced form of technology. As a result, there are not as many companies that create them. Below is a list of some of the companies that do create them for patients.
DARPA Revolutionizing Prosthetic Program
Supernumerary Robotic Limbs
Andrew Schwartz
Michael Goldfarb
How They Work
Are attached to the body
Computers and sensors are used to register movement
Motors may be included to allow for movement
Ethical Issues
Although the invention of bionic limbs was an amazing breakthrough, which can be used to help improve the lives of amputees, they can pose some ethical issues for many people.
Ethical Issues cont.
In athletics, some athletes feel that it is unfair for people to have bionic limbs, as it usually needs less energy to operate
There are people who want to amputate their limbs and replace them with bionic limbs
The usage of bionic limbs may result in illegal activities, such as being used in fights
People debate about whether it is right in the first place to use such advanced technology to enhance life
Ethical Issues cont.
A lot of questions regarding ethical uses also arise when talking about bionic limbs.
Is it fair that only those with money get access to such advanced technology?
Is it morally right to change the human body to make it function more efficiently?
Is it fair that people with bionic limbs get an advantage over those with fully organic limbs in events such as the Olympics?
Future of Bionic Limbs
Technology in today's world and time is advancing at an exponential rate. Bionic limbs started out as simple pieces of wood, and has become advanced computers that can be controlled by thought. These limbs are close to being capable of fully operating like organic parts.
Future cont.
Bionic limbs continue to be redesigned as to become more efficient and cheaper. As well, scientists from across the globe worked together to create a fully bionic man.
Rex,
the Bionic Man
Rex is a fully functional, fully bionic man. He is composed of bionic limbs, such as arms, and even has a functional circulatory system. He was designed by scientists from several different universities in different countries. Rex is a major breakthrough in the science of biotechnology.
Artificial limbs which replace amputated ones
Made of materials, such as metal, fiberglass, and wood
What are bionic limbs? cont.
Full transcript