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Westward Expansion

Mr. White's U.S. History II Classes Walker Grant Middle School
by

Kenneth White

on 12 November 2015

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Transcript of Westward Expansion

WESTWARD EXPANSION
Road Map:

1. Reasons for Westward Expansion
2. Transporting Resources
3. Great Plains
4. Challenges from Expansion
Reasons for Westward Expansion:
Homestead Act of 1862:
Promised 160 acres of land
Had to pay a small fee and promise to farm land for 5 years.
Transcontinental Railroad
Five Reasons to Head West
Homestead Act
A chance for equality
Adventure Awaits
Gold and Silver Discoveries
Valuable mineral deposits could mean overnight fortunes. People search for gold soon discovered silver, copper, iron, and other valuable minerals.
The West represented the chance for a fresh start for formerly enslaved African Americans.
West of the Mississippi there was plenty of cheap, fertile land perfect for ranching and farming.
Many young veterans of the Civil War wanted more adventures and new opportunities after the war. The veterans thought life at home was dull after seeing the big cities and meeting people from different walks of life.
Technological advances-especially the building of the Transcontinental Railroad made traveling across the country so much easier.
Transporting Resources
Q: How did people communicate from coast to coast during the 1880s?
Activity #1 Vocabulary Chart

Purpose: To help memorize the vocabulary for the unit.

Directions:
1st. Grab your binder and turn to Unit 3
2nd. Pull out your Unit 3 Vocabulary List and blank charts.
3rd. Start working on the Vocabulary
Great Plains
Physical features and climate of the Great Plains:
Flatlands that rise gradually from east to west
Land eroded by wind and water
Low rainfall
Frequent dust storms
Q: How did people's perceptions and use of the Great Plains change after the Civil War?
Q: How did people adapt to life in challenging environments?
Steel Plows
Windmills
Wheat Farms
Barbed Wire
Sod Houses
Three Indian Heroes
Industrial development after 1877 grew because advances in transportation linked resources, products, and markets.
Manufacturing Process:
1. Natural resources are shipped to factories
2. Factories receive natural resources
3. Factories make a finished product
4. Finished products are shipped to national markets
abbreviation
Reasons for Going West
Vocabulary Activity #1

Purpose: To memorize and practice the vocabulary terms for this unit.

Directions:
1st. Turn in your binder to your vocabulary words.

2nd. Take out your vocabulary words.

3rd. Turn in your binder to your vocabulary charts.

4th. Take out your vocabulary charts.

5th. Start working!!!!!!
Bellringer: October 6,2014

1st. Write down your homework
(
Leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE (1) copy of U.S. History II bellringer.

4th. Begin working on U.S. History II bellringer quietly.

**Remember you get points for how well you begin working and for how quiet you work.**

Bellringer: November 5, 2015

1st. Write down your homework
(
Leave agenda out for me to check!!!!)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out
ONE (1)
Copy of
U.S. History II Bellringer.

4th. Begin to work on
U.S. History II Bellringer.

**Remember you get points for how well you come in, seat down, and get to work.
Transcontinental Railroad transformed life across America, linking the East with the West and bringing new life to the plains.
Activity #1: "The Process"

Purpose: To understand the manufacturing process.

Directions:

1st. Get a role card from Mr. White

2nd. Read over your role with your team

3rd. Perform your role in the process

4th. Transport your product to the next team in the process

5th. Write a five sentence summary of your role in the process. (How important do you think your role is? What was your role? How did you complete your role?)
Activity #1: Go West, Grow Rich

Purpose: To understand why people went west.

Directions:

1st. Read the paragraph

2nd. WRITE DOWN the reasons this person wants to move out west

3rd. Answer this questions: "Do you think this person will survive out west yes or no?"

15 Minute Activity!!!!
Activity #2: "The Process"
The Central Pacific Railroad started in Sacramento, California.
The Union Pacific Railroad started in Omaha, Nebraska
On May 10, 1869 the last spikes were driven into the Transcontinental Railroad to complete the link.
During the nineteenth century, people's perceptions and use of the Great Plains changed. Technological advances allowed people to live in more challenging environments.
John Deere invented "the plow that broke the Plains." Deere used polished steel in his shovel, which made it sharper.
Windmills used wind power to pump water up from underground aquifers.
The plains were a great environment for all of the cereal grains, such as rye, wheat, barley, and oats. Wheat is the most important cash crops in the world.
Barbed wire was a way to mark property lines and to keep livestock from wandering. It was invented during the late 1800s.
With no trees or stones to build their homes, people discovered that thick rectangles of soil with prairie grass roots running through them made great building blocks.
Dry Farming
This type of farming is used in areas with little rainfall. Farmers plant in the fall and stir up the soil before planting. Farmers use the soil's natural moisture to help their crops grow
Raising Beef
The grasslands were a perfect pasture area for grazing animals. Many farmers raised cattle which were then sold for beef.
The Railroads
The Transcontinental Railroad linked the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. The trains became a lifeline between the plains and the rest of the country.
Bellringer: September 28, 2012

1st. Pull out your homework to get checked

2nd. Look under f
Bellringer: November 4, 2015

1st. Write down homework
(
Leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out
ONE(1)
copy of
U.S. History II bellringer.

4th. Begin working on
U.S. History II bellringer quietly.

**Remember you get points for how well you enter the classroom and begin to work.**

Perception (pur-sep-shun): An understanding of something.
Reservations: (rez-ur-vay-shunz) Areas that American Indians were forced on to after being pushed from their homes.
Assimilate: (uh-sim-uh-late) The process of absorbing one cultural group into another.
In 1865 more than 14 million buffalo grazed on the rich grasslands of the plains. Twenty years later, there were less than 3,000.
From the moment the first wagon trains began following the Oregon Trail, the American Indians sensed trouble.
With the building of the Transcontinental Railroad the U.S. government and American settlers began to take away Indian lands.
By the 1870s federal troops had pushed away Plains Indians including the Lakota, Comanche, and Cheyenne onto government
reservations
.
Q: What group of people were the first in the West?
Q: You have heard before that white Americans took land from the American Indians. Where did the American Indians go?
Q: How did the lives of American Indians change with western expansion?
VS.
The Battle of Little Bighorn
The battle at
Little Bighorn took place in Montana
, where more than
3,000 Indian warriors
were attacked on
June 25, 1876
by Major General George Custer. This was Custer's "Last Stand".
As the Indians were forced onto small reservations, families were split apart. Some children were forced to
assimilate
as they were sent to schools as far away as Pennsylvania and Virginia. There they were forbidden to hold on to their Indian identities.
As the Indians were forced onto small reservations, families were split apart. Some children were forced to
assimilate
as they were sent to schools as far away as Pennsylvania and Virginia. There they were forbidden to hold on to their Indian identities.
As the U.S. Cavalry moved farther west, Indian opposition grew more fierce. Between 1869 and 1878 over 200 fight-to-the-death battles took place.
Wounded Knee Massacre
In 1890 at a place called Wounded Knee, now in South Dakota. The Lakota tribe were clinging to their Ghost Dance religion, which worried the reservation authorities.
When the federal government tried to forcibly relocate the
Nez Perce
from their land to a small reservation,
Chief Joseph
gathered his warriors and 400 women and children and
escaped towards Canada.
Chief Joseph
In 1877, just a few miles from the Canadian border, troops captured the Nez Perce after a five day battle in the freezing cold. Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce were sent to a prisoner of war camp in Oklahoma.
In 1874 the U.S. government forced an Apache group to a reservation in Arizona. The Apache group revolted and fled to Mexico, where they began staging raids against white settlers.
Geronimo
was one of the Apache leaders, he avoided capture for two years and covered more than 1,645 miles before being captured for a second time.
The
Lakota Indians
were hanging on to their
Ghost Dance religion,
which worried the reservation authorities. More troops were called in and the Lakota resisted the authorities. During a skirmish, someone started firing and the skirmish turned into a massacre killing nearly
300 Native American men, women, and children.
Bellringer: October 8, 2014
HUMP
DAY
!!!!!
1st. Write down homework
(Leave agenda out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder.

3rd. Pull out
ONE(1) copy
of
U.S. History II Bellringer

4th. Begin working on
U.S. History II Bellringer quietly!!!

**Remember you get points for how well you enter the classroom and get to work.

Sitting Bull
General Custer
Reflection Questions:

1. Name five(5) states in the Mid-West region.

2. What is the 14th Amendment?

3. What were some of the reason people moved out West?

Bellringer: October 7, 2013

1st. Write down your homework
(
Leave agenda out for me to check!!!!)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out
ONE (1)
Copy of
U.S. History II Bellringer.

4th. Begin to work on
U.S. History II Bellringer.

**Remember you get points for how well you come in, seat down, and get to work.
Q: Which group of people were already out West before Americans started to move West?
IT'S ABOUT TO GET REAL!!!!
Bellringer: October 13, 2014

1st. Write down your homework
(
Leave agenda out for me to check!!!!)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out
ONE (1)
Copy of
U.S. History II Bellringer.

4th. Begin to work on
U.S. History II Bellringer.

**Remember you get points for how well you come in, seat down, and get to work.
Bellringer: October 11, 2013

1st. Write down homework
(Leave agenda out for me to check)

2nd. Pull out your
UNIT 3 STUDY GUIDE

3rd. Begin to study your UNIT 3 STUDY GUIDE
quietly!!!

**Congrats 1st Period for winning the Team Points competition!!!!

**Remember you get points for how well you enter the classroom and get to work.

10/6/2014 U.S. History II Schedule

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-Unit 3 KWL
-Unit 3 Intro
-Unit 3 Notes 1
-Brain-Break
-State Call Out
-Close
11/4/2015 U.S. History II (90min) Schedule

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-State Call Out
-Test Corrections
-Brain-Break
-Manufacturing Areas Map
-TC Railroad
-Close
U.S. History II Schedule 10/8/2014

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-Manufacturing Area Maps
-T.R. Graphics
-Unit 3 Notes 3
-West Brochures
-State Call Out
-Close

U.S. History II Schedule 10/9/2014

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-State Call Out
-T.B.T. Review
-Brain-Break
-Unit 3 Notes 3
-West Brochures
-Close
11/10/2015 U.S. History II (90min) Schedule

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-Study Guide
-State Call Out
-Brain-Break
-Unit 3 Notes 4
-Foldable
-Close
10/10/2015 U.S. History II (45min) Schedule

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-Unit 3 Notes 4
-Study Guide
-Foldable
-Close
Bellringer: October 14, 2014

1st. Write down your homework
(
Leave agenda out for me to check!!!!)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out
ONE (1)
Copy of
U.S. History II Bellringer.

4th. Begin to work on
U.S. History II Bellringer.

**Remember you get points for how well you come in, seat down, and get to work.
10/14/2014 U.S. History II Schedule

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-State Call Out
-Unit 3 Notes 4
-Brain-Break
-Unit 3 Notes 5 (Start)
-Movie (Start)
-Close
Bellringer: November 10, 2015

1st. Write down your homework
(
Leave agenda out for me to check!!!!)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out
ONE (1)
Copy of
U.S. History II Bellringer.

4th. Begin to work on
U.S. History II Bellringer.

**Remember you get points for how well you come in, seat down, and get to work.
10/15/2014 U.S. History II Schedule

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-State Call Out
-Movie (Start)
-Close
Bellringer: October 16, 2014

1st. Write down your homework
(
Leave agenda out for me to check!!!!)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out
ONE (1)
Copy of
U.S. History II Bellringer.

4th. Begin to work on
U.S. History II Bellringer.

**Remember you get points for how well you come in, seat down, and get to work.
10/16/2014 U.S. History II Schedule

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-State Call Out
-Movie (Finish)
-Brain-Break
-Indian Heroes Venn
-Study Guide
-Close
Bellringer: October 20,2014

1st. Write down your homework
(
Leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE (1) copy of U.S. History II bellringer.

4th. Begin working on U.S. History II bellringer quietly.

**Remember you get points for how well you begin working and for how quiet you work.**
U.S. History II Schedule 10/20/2014

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-Clock Buddy Set Up
-Venn Diagram Indian Heroes
-Study Guide Partners
-Brain Break
-Close
Bellringer: October 21,2014

1st. Write down your homework
(
Leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE (1) copy of bellringer.

4th. Begin working on bellringer quietly.

**Remember you get points for how well you begin working and for how quiet you work.**
U.S. History II/World Geo Schedule 10/21/2014

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-Clock Buddies Review
-Test
-Close

Unit 3 Westward Expansion Goals:
I BELIEVE WE WILL
:

-Identify the reasons why people went out West

-Describe how Westward Expansion impacted the American Indians

-Describe what the West looked like

-Identify the areas that are special for what they make

-Explain the relationships between natural resources, transportation, and industrial development
10/27/2015 U.S. History II (45min) Schedule

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-State Call Out
-Reasons Finish
-Activity #1
10/27/2015 U.S. History II (90min) Schedule

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-State Call Out
-Unit 3 Intro
-Reasons
-Activity #1
-Close
11/4/2015 U.S. History II (45min) Schedule

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-State Call Out
-Test Corrections
-Brain-Break
-Manufacturing Areas Map
-Close
11/5/2015 U.S. History II (45min) Schedule

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-Manufacturing Areas Map
-TC Railroad
-Foldable Creation
-Close
11/5/2015 U.S. History II (90min) Schedule

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-State Call Out
-Manufacturing Areas Map
-Test Corrections Finish
-Brain-Break
-TC Railroad
-Foldable Creation/Adaptions
-Close
Full transcript