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Copy of Copy of Canto 34
Transcript of Copy of Copy of Canto 34
behind this frame! Double click to crop it if necessary San Francisco Budapest Important
Details (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr Stockholm (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr WHY is the sin of betrayal so horrible?
This sin is considered the worst sin because it
opposes love, one of the greatest
gifts that God has given man. This replicates the relationship between God and Man- how God gave his love and trust to man and was then betrayed. The act of betrayal shows that what God gave his people holds no true worth or value in the eyes of man. The rejection of God's greatest gift to man is why Dante considers this the worst betrayal. As Dante and Virgil grow closer to
the shape (which cannot be
distinguished through the fog), we realize it is
Satan in all of his large horror. In Lucifer's three mouths hold the 3 greatest sinners of all time- Brutus, Cassius, and Judas. Brutus and Cassius' heads dangle, whereas with Judas, his feet dangle out with Lucifer's claws skinning his back. Judas' head is being chewed by the main mouth of Lucifer. Dante notices that below him are bodies encased in ice, at times several feet deep. These bodies are also contorted into various positions and are the worst sinners- those that betrayed their masters. Brutus and Cassius are the betrayers
and killers of Julius Caesar. These men betrayed their "master", and it is highly debated whether or not Caesar was one of the greatest rulers. This ties in with Dante's belief that Rome was the greatest and most powerful city in the world. Assets map details doodles notes outlook photo frame The fourth ring of the ninth circle was named after Judas Iscariot, known as the betrayer of Jesus Christ. Judas betrayed Jesus, in the garden, to the chief Sanhedrin for 30 pieces of silver. Judas told Sanhedrin that the one he kissed would be Jesus. Jesus was in the garden praying with friends and the guards did not know which one Jesus was. Once Judas identified Jesus, the guards took Jesus and then tried and crucified him. Judas committed suicide after betraying Jesus by hanging himself with help of a tree. The fact that Brutus and
Cassius suffer a punishment only slightly better than Judas' shows the almost nonexistent separation between church and state- both physically and how the beliefs are perceived. Mockery of the Holy Trinity can be seen with Lucifer's three faces and the three sinners . The reason why Lucifer is portrayed in this way is because of the common belief of the time. People believed that evil can only replicate, mimic, or distort what has already been created, but cannot create. A major theme throughout the canto is one of
recognizing the horrors of vices and the
negative nature of mankind.
Dante is forced to face the reality of the lowest point in hell and accept this reality, no matter how ugly it may be.
When they exit hell, they have to use Lucifer to achieve this. This is a symbolic gesture of recognizing evil and using it to go beyond the reality of hell and the horrors of mankind. In order to get to somewhere better, in this instance Purgatory, there's a shift in perspective and what the "truth" is. Notice that Lucifer's legs were dangling in the air, showing the inferiority of hell and the conquest that Dante has achieved. Lucifer is the greatest sinner since he directly
betrayed God. Lucifer is not only prideful, but is the symbol of the ultimate betrayer. He threw away the gifts and love of God and even challenged the power of God. CANTO 34