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Transcript of Somali Pirating
In 1991, the Somali government collapsed.
The dictator at the time, Mohammed Siad Barre, is forced to flee Mogadishu.
Somalia is left with the power struggle between rival clan lords.
The poor Somali men have very few job options other than fishing.
When the Somali government collapsed, coastal fishing laws could not be enforced.
Large commercial fishing boats took up the tuna-enriched waters and left nothing for the locals to catch.
At first, some angry fisherman hijacked the commercial fishing boats demanding a "tax on crime"
The Birth of the Pirate Nation
The angry Somali fisherman and early pirates of our time realized the profit they could gain in mere days.
Eventually, word got around Somalia and pirating was the new way to make easy money with almost no risk.
Now piracy is Somalia's largest industry
What's Going On?
Many poor Somali men have resorted to piracy off the East African Coast.
These pirates hijack cargo ships traveling to the Gulf of Aden.
They demand high ransoms and there is a very low risk factor, making pirating a popular job opportunity.
Somalia is pushed into a civil war and thousands of Somali people die of starvation and disease.
Today about 75% of all Somali people are living in extreme poverty.
At this point Somali men had very few job options.
By: Sam Bendett and Matt Kenneally
Captain Richard Phillips
Richard Phillips is a well known shipmen and has been a captain for many years.
In 2009, a band of Somali pirates boarded the MV Maersk Alabama and kidnapped Phillips.
He was held captive in a crammed lifeboat of the ship for 5 days
What Happened in 2009?
On April 8th, the MV Maersk Alabama was hijacked by a group of Somali pirates.
The pirates held Captain Phillips hostage in an emergency lifeboat for a few days until the U.S. Navy came to help.
Not only has poverty crippled the Somali people, but now it affects the merchants traveling past Somalia as the threat of piracy grows.
The Somali government remains weak and shows few signs of coming together.
Money is spent across the world trying to insure and protect merchants traveling past Somalia.
What Can Be Done?
Nations need to band together with their navies to defend against the small Somali pirate boats and crews.
Boats and merchants need to be more aware of this threat and need a better defense system.
What We Did
The highly trained U.S. Navy Seals waited for the perfect time, and shot all three remaining pirates at the same time.