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The Egyptian Revolution

AP World Assignment
by

Jessica Davis

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of The Egyptian Revolution

The Future of Egypt Overall, Egypt is still in a very fragile state after two years since its revolution. Whether or not the revolution was for the better or worse is still up to debate. Egyptians enjoy more freedoms and elections; however, the government is very shaky as it is molded and as new leaders are elected to run it. The people are also scared and someone dissatisfied with process as it is coming along post-revolution. While in a weak state of reform, weakness and hidden corruption could put the military back into power again. Only time can tell how Egypt will fare. Incubation The Egyptian Revolution The underlying causes of the Egyptian revolution over the course of many years. Symptomatic The first direct actions caused by the incubation stage problems. Convalescence Recover from the revolution begins as the oppressive government leaders are taken out of Parliament and the Presidency, and Egypt begins it large endeavor to become a true democratic nation. Crisis The conflicts and struggles rage on. The outcomes of these events make or break a revolution, deciding whether a revolution will succeed or become a failed rebellion. Causes Under the rule of Hosni Mubarak, Egypt's voice was suppressed by his oppressive power for thirty years. The long term problems of his governance lead to the start of revolution. Lack of democracy in the government Government Corruption Brutality of Government Economic Struggle Under Mubarak, the people had very little say in government or elections. The same people would keep getting voted back into the government through unjust elections, and the voice of the people was stifled. Police brutality was common place under Mubarak's rule and controlled by the government through the government-controlled army. From kidnapping, torture, bribery, and censorship, the government controlled had many methods to control people into submission. Under Mabarak, the economy of Egypt was in shambles. A huge income gap between the rich and poor had been created, displaying massive inequality. The minimum wage remained the same for 25 years in a row, labor power was crippled, and the cost of living began skyrocketing as food produce and goods increased. Corruption was also common if not expected in the government. Bribes were needed for to accomplish anything in the government. Corrupt governments cannot function correctly. Social Media Protests in Tunisia 2008 Economic Crash January 25, 2011 "The Day of Revolt" The economic crash around the world affected the economy of Egypt greatly. The market crash in Egypt was caused by the continued deregulation of the economy over the previous twenty years and risky practices of banks. The crash effected the developing world harshly. The streets of Cairo were flooded as a protest march gathered in Tahrir Square in the first organized protest in Egypt, inspiring many other after it around the country. The protestors were protesting against their President Mubarak and his government for their rights and freedoms. This day is marked as the first day of the eighteen day Egyptian Revolution. The shooting of a 26 year old Mohamed Bouazizi in Tunisia ignited protests all around Tunisia. This shooting is a major catalyst to citizens taking action in Egypt. The fleeing of Ben Ali, the oppressive leader of Tunisia, was also an important factor. Social media networks, such as Facebook, began becoming places for the Egyptian people to vent their outrage against their government, things that would normally be repressed. As more and more people, especially young people, began spreading their stories, thoughts, and ideas, the people of Egypt began becoming connected through the internet and through their repressed outrage. Social media was a medium in which the Egyptian people were able to organize themselves and publicize their struggles. The Eighteen Day Revolution Week 1 As violence escalates in these protests, the fighting between protestors and the police become bloody. The army was deployed on the streets by the government. Police respond with the use of rubber bullets and water cannons to push back violent protestors. However, more bloody methods begin to be used as the military opens fire, and people are killed. On this day, protestors gathered out in their largest numbers in Cairo and across other cities organize to demand Mubarak's resignation from the Egyptian government. This day served as a message to the establishment that the Egyptian people would not back down, would not stop protesting, and would only grow in numbers as the government tried to oppress them. Week 3 After "The Day of Revolt", protest began springing up all across Egypt in response in places such as Ismailya, Alexandria, and Suez. In an attempt to control the situation, the government enforced curfews, the army was sent out, and they shut down the internet in the country. Violence Escalates Week 2 Battles between the pro and anti-government supporters in Cairo began. The protestors in Cairo start camping out in Tahrir Square, ignoring the pressures from the army to leave. People sleep out in the streets and create places to stay. Government buildings are blocked by protestors, and the stock markets are closed as well due to the protests. Feburary 4, 2011 "Day of Departure" Parliament is blocked by protestors. Workers and medics go on strike in protest against the government and come to the aid of protestors. Protestors storm the Presidential Palace after Mubarak refuses to resign as President of Egypt. However the day after, February 11, 2011, he finally resigns. The End of Revolution Reform Process Elections New Freedoms On February 11, 2011, oppressive President Hosni Mubarak officially steps down from his position after thirty years in office. Protestors rejoice and hopes for a new, better Egypt are in their sights. After the resignation of Mubarak, new reforms began being set in place such as canceling the State of Emergency, Destroying the State Security Investigations Service, dissolving Parliament, and ending curfews. However, many reforms such as the firing of high up administrators in Mubarak's administration, the trial and arrest of Hosni Mubarak and his sons, releasing prisoners arrested since the revolution's beginning, and the setting of a new minimum wage have not been met as of today. -Freedom of speech for the people and the media
-Right to protest
-Creation of political parties
-Lessened fear of government
-Elections of members of parliament and Presidency However, Egypt is still very weak as its government is changed, and situations for people, especially women, have still not drastically improved post-revolution. Election were held for the first time since Mubarak's removal from government. Presidential elections were held by the people, and Muslim Brotherhood Candidate Mohammed Morsi won the presidency in a very close race against the previous prime minister of Egypt Ahmed Shafik. Parliamentary elections were held as well, allowing for the people to vote for who they wanted in office. In April of this year, Parliament elections will be held once again.
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