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Organizing a Paper

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Sara Keel

on 11 September 2018

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Transcript of Organizing a Paper

Introduction/ Foundation
First: Introduce the subject

second: narrow the subject

last: Thesis Statement
Typically, when you're a top executive at a major corporation that is laying off more than 10 percent of your workforce, you say a few things to the newly jobless. Like "sorry." or "thank you for your many years of service."
What you don't do is bury the news of the layoffs in the 11th paragraph of a long, rambling corporate strategy memo. And yet, this was Microsoft honcho Stephen Elop's preferred method..."
Usually, a thesis statement narrows in on your supporting information.

How bad was Elop's job-axing memo? Really, really bad. It's so bad that I can't even really convey its badness. I just have to show you.
Topic sentence

supporting example 1

supporting example 2

supporting example 3
Supporting paragraph 1
supporting paragraph 2
supporting paragraph 3
Body Paragraphs/

Building an Essay:
thinking beyond 5 paragraphs
A 5 paragraph essay is a useful starting point for many different essay structures.
You can add or remove the number of supporting ideas.
You can expand or limit your supporting evidence.
You may need to include a summary before you move on to supporting information.
Different types of essays require different structures
Compare & Contrast
Point of Comparison 1
example from sample 1
example from sample 2
Point of Comparison 2
example from sample 1
example from sample 2
Point of Comparison 3
example from sample 1
example from sample 2
Argument Essay
Problem/ Background
Opposing position
Your position
There are many different ways to start an essay. Try writing something that will catch your reader's attention!
Here are some examples:
an ANECDOTE such as an incident, event, or quote that relates to your main point.
a ZINGER: humor, wordplay, or a creative twist
a STRAIGHTFORWARD STATEMENT: a simple beginning is better than a failed attempt at either of the other two.
Topping it all off

By the end of your essay, readers should already understand your main point. Your conclusion drives the main point home and suggests its significance.
You conclusion can:
summarize the essay's main points.
pose a question for future study
offer advice or propose a course of action

To make your conclusion more memorable you can include a detail, example, or a quote.

introducing new information

simply restating your introduction

making excuses like "I'm not an expert, but..."
Things to avoid!
Your writing style, organization, and choice of content are the decorations and designs. Even with a very structured paper, there is plenty of room to add your own personality!
Organizing a Paper
Once you have decided on a subject, it is time to start organizing your paper.
Sketch a Plan
Introduction and
"sneak peek"
go back to
the start
Build interest with details and supporting information
Main Point
Conclusion/ "So what?"
Make an Outline
Subject/ Main Idea
I. Supporting idea 1
A. detail 1
B. detail 2
C. detail 3
II. Supporting idea 2
Your outline should help you and save you time in the long run - so make it work for
Step 1: Brainstorming
" Take a few minutes to focus on your topic... and make a list - using words or phrases - of everything that occurs to you about this subject. Be sure not to censor yourself and to let your ideas flow as freely as possible. Then review what you have written, looking for promising ideas and relationships that you can further develop" (26).
Step 2: Clustering
Mapping the structure of a piece of writing can help you see how ideas are connected. It can also help you distinguish main points from minor ones.
main point
Step 3: Outlining
Using your cluster map, arrange the ideas in the order you would like to present them in your paper.

An outline can be formal or informal, depending on your purpose.
body paragraphs
Conclusion Writing Shortcuts
1. Write a 1 sentence summary of each section of your paper.
2. Show how each of the sections relate to each other.
3. Remind your reader of your thesis (restate without re-writing) and show that you have proven your point.
Starting with a cliche:
"The dictionary defines..."
"Since the beginning of time..."

Starting with a hypothetical:
"Imagine if you or your family..."

Making over-generalizations:
"Everybody loves/ hates..."
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