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Heart of Darkness -Joseph Conrad

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Phoenix Wing-Lawrence

on 18 November 2014

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Transcript of Heart of Darkness -Joseph Conrad

What Book?
Heart of Darkness
What two places?
Europe and Africa
How is their contrast and meaning shown?
Motif
Imagery
Simile
Allusion
Why?
Theme: Under certain circumstances, people must battle against forces, both external and internal, that undermine their moral integrity.

1991: Many plays and novels use contrasting places (for example, two countries, two cities or towns, two houses, or the land and sea) to represent opposed forces or ideas that are central to the meaning of the work. Choose a novel or play that contrasts two such places. Write an essay explaining how the places differ, what each place represents, and how their contrast contributes to the meaning of the work.
Prompt
Explain what each place represents
Europe
Explain how their contrast contributes to the meaning of the work
"[The wilderness] had taken [Kurtz], loved him, embraced him, got into his veins,
consumed
his flesh, and sealed his
soul
into it's own" (125).
Explain how the places differ
Team Atticus
Heart of Darkness -Joseph Conrad
Kurtz & Marlow
European "civilization" and African "wilderness"
primal desires, temptations, id, morality, ego, superego
Europe
Africa
ooh didn't see that, did ya? that's because the TRUTH IS CONCEALED MOTHAFUCKAH!!!!
(Heart of Darkness lol)
(Heart of restraint, superego)
Savagery, restraint, greed, kindness
What You're Trying to Prove:
Europe
external forces: civilization, superego
external forces (superego) supress internal forces (id, greed, savagery)
Africa
external forces: wilderness, id
external forces (id) free internal forces (inner id, greed) and test one's inner strength
"The changes take place
inside
, you know" (76).
"The inner truth is
hidden
" (106).
"I've seen the devil of violence . . . of greed . . . of hot desire; but, by the stars! These were strong, lusty,
red-eyed devils
, that swayed and drove men" (82).
Helene
manager is referred to as a "papier-mache
Mephistopheles
" (95)
Nathan/Brian
white men are referred to as "flabby
devils
" (88) and "faithless" and "bewitched
pilgrims
" (91, 97).
"To tear treasure out of the bowels of the land was their desire, with no
moral purpose
at the back of it" (101).
Phoenix
religious allusions
Marlow compar
Marlow compares the river to a snake and notes "the snake had charmed me" (72).
Nai Jelee
"Their faces were like grotesque
masks
. . . but they had bone, muscle . . . that was as natural and
true
as the surf along their coast" (79)
Nathan
Simile
Simile & Asyndeton
Brian
"Going up that river was like traveling back to the earliest beginnings of the world . . . an empty stream, a great silence, an impenetrable forest" (105).
Internal forces
Africans resist urge to eat or kill white people, even though they threw their hippo meat away and denied them food
"It takes a man all his
inborn strength
to fight hunger properly" (116)
"Being hungry . . . I was getting
savage
" (91).
external force: super-ego on
concealed id on the inside
showed through religious allusions, such as devils and white sepulchre
Africa
external force: id, wilderness
only those with inner-strength (an internal force of superego/morality) maintain integrity
showed through Marlow's epiphany
Phoenix
Theme: under certain circumstances, people must battle against forces both external and internal, that undermine their moral integrity
"[The wilderness] echoed loudly within him because he was
hollow
at the
core
" (138)
Brian / Nai Jelee / Krishan
"The most you can hope from it is some
knowledge
of yourself" (154).

"I could not tell her. It would have been too
dark
" (164).
These little things make all the great difference. When they are gone, you must fall back upon your own
innate strength
" (126).
"You can't understand. How could you? with solid pavement under your feet, surrounded by kind neighbors . . .
"A city that makes me think of a
whited sepulchre
" (73).
Krishan/Phoenix
"Each station should be like a beacon on the road towards better things . . . for humanizing, improving, instructing" (104)
Simile
Allusion
"They, above - the Council of Europe, you know . . ." (86).
Phoenix
"[The manager] seemed to beckon with the land a treacherous appeal to the lurking death, to the hidden evil, to the profound
darkness
of its heart" (104).
Krishan
Motif
Theme: Under certain circumstances, people must fight against forces, both internal and external, that undermine their moral integrity.
Thesis Statement:
In his novella, Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad uses motif, simile, and allusion to reveal the differences between Africa and Europe - differences that challenge people and their morality. Affected by these external and internal forces, some lose their moral integrity.
Full transcript