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Heart of Darkness -Joseph Conrad
Transcript of Heart of Darkness -Joseph Conrad
Heart of Darkness
What two places?
Europe and Africa
How is their contrast and meaning shown?
Theme: Under certain circumstances, people must battle against forces, both external and internal, that undermine their moral integrity.
1991: Many plays and novels use contrasting places (for example, two countries, two cities or towns, two houses, or the land and sea) to represent opposed forces or ideas that are central to the meaning of the work. Choose a novel or play that contrasts two such places. Write an essay explaining how the places differ, what each place represents, and how their contrast contributes to the meaning of the work.
Explain what each place represents
Explain how their contrast contributes to the meaning of the work
"[The wilderness] had taken [Kurtz], loved him, embraced him, got into his veins,
his flesh, and sealed his
into it's own" (125).
Explain how the places differ
Heart of Darkness -Joseph Conrad
Kurtz & Marlow
European "civilization" and African "wilderness"
primal desires, temptations, id, morality, ego, superego
ooh didn't see that, did ya? that's because the TRUTH IS CONCEALED MOTHAFUCKAH!!!!
(Heart of Darkness lol)
(Heart of restraint, superego)
Savagery, restraint, greed, kindness
What You're Trying to Prove:
external forces: civilization, superego
external forces (superego) supress internal forces (id, greed, savagery)
external forces: wilderness, id
external forces (id) free internal forces (inner id, greed) and test one's inner strength
"The changes take place
, you know" (76).
"The inner truth is
"I've seen the devil of violence . . . of greed . . . of hot desire; but, by the stars! These were strong, lusty,
, that swayed and drove men" (82).
manager is referred to as a "papier-mache
white men are referred to as "flabby
" (88) and "faithless" and "bewitched
" (91, 97).
"To tear treasure out of the bowels of the land was their desire, with no
at the back of it" (101).
Marlow compares the river to a snake and notes "the snake had charmed me" (72).
"Their faces were like grotesque
. . . but they had bone, muscle . . . that was as natural and
as the surf along their coast" (79)
Simile & Asyndeton
"Going up that river was like traveling back to the earliest beginnings of the world . . . an empty stream, a great silence, an impenetrable forest" (105).
Africans resist urge to eat or kill white people, even though they threw their hippo meat away and denied them food
"It takes a man all his
to fight hunger properly" (116)
"Being hungry . . . I was getting
external force: super-ego on
concealed id on the inside
showed through religious allusions, such as devils and white sepulchre
external force: id, wilderness
only those with inner-strength (an internal force of superego/morality) maintain integrity
showed through Marlow's epiphany
Theme: under certain circumstances, people must battle against forces both external and internal, that undermine their moral integrity
"[The wilderness] echoed loudly within him because he was
Brian / Nai Jelee / Krishan
"The most you can hope from it is some
of yourself" (154).
"I could not tell her. It would have been too
These little things make all the great difference. When they are gone, you must fall back upon your own
"You can't understand. How could you? with solid pavement under your feet, surrounded by kind neighbors . . .
"A city that makes me think of a
"Each station should be like a beacon on the road towards better things . . . for humanizing, improving, instructing" (104)
"They, above - the Council of Europe, you know . . ." (86).
"[The manager] seemed to beckon with the land a treacherous appeal to the lurking death, to the hidden evil, to the profound
of its heart" (104).
Theme: Under certain circumstances, people must fight against forces, both internal and external, that undermine their moral integrity.
In his novella, Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad uses motif, simile, and allusion to reveal the differences between Africa and Europe - differences that challenge people and their morality. Affected by these external and internal forces, some lose their moral integrity.