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Eleanor of Aquitaine

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Margaret Smith

on 21 December 2012

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Transcript of Eleanor of Aquitaine

1122/1124 - April 1, 1204 Eleanor of Aquitaine Family... Eleanor was the oldest of three children of William X, Duke of Aquitaine. At around the age of 15 she became the Duchess of Aquitaine, and became the most eligible heiress in Europe. Her father had appointed King Louis VI of France as her guardian and requested that he find her a husband. Marriage To Louis VII of France... Eleanor was married Prince Louis of France on July 25, 1137. They were both enthroned as Duke and Duchess of Aquitaine, but the land would remain independent of France until Eleanor's oldest son became King of the Franks and Duke of Aquitaine. (Fun fact... She gave Louis a rock crystal vase, that is on display at the Louvre. It is the only object that is connected to her that is still surviving.)
Louis loved her and granted her her every whim. They had 2 daughters together, Marie and Alix.
From the beginning their marriage was destined to fail as Eleanor was very spirited and Louis was very monkish. On May 21, 1152 they had an annulment, but their daughters were declared legitimate and the custody was given to Louis. She was restored the lands of Aquitaine. Marriage to Henry II of England... Eleanor married Henry, Count of Anjou and Duke of Normandy on May 18, 1152, only eights weeks after her annulment. Henry became King of England on October 25, 1154 and Eleanor was crowned Queen of England on December 19, 1154. They had five sons and three daughters together over thirteen years. Henry had numerous affairs through out their marriage and Geoffrey of York was acknowledged as his son and was even raised at Westminster by Eleanor. She separated Henry and after Christmas in 1167 she left for her own city Poitiers. Her son Henry launched the Revolt of 1173-1174 and got his brothers Richard and Geoffrey, who were living with their mother, to join him. She was arrested in 1773 and was brought to England in 1774 and was imprisoned there for the next 16 years. The conflict between young Henry and King Henry continued until young Henry died. Her husband King Henry died on July 6, 1189. Children... Eleanor had two daughters with Louis VII of France; Marie and Alix. During the High Middle Ages she was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in Western Europe She was queen consort of France (1137-1152) and England (1154-1189), as well as Duchess of Aquitaine Eleanor had five sons and three daughter with Henry II of England; William, Henry, Richard, Geoffrey, John, Matilda, and Joan. Widowhood... After Henry's death, Richard was his heir and one of his first acts as king was to release Eleanor from prison, but her custodians had already released her. Eleanor survived Richard and lived into her youngest son King John's reign. She traveled over Europe and visited her children that were married. During the war between John and her grandson Arthur, she declared her support for John. She died in 1204 and was entombed in Fontevraud Abbey, where she was buried next to her husband Henry. At the time of her death, she had outlived all of her children except for King John of England and Queen Eleanor of Castile. Fun Facts... Source...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_of_Aquitaine She gave Louis a rock crystal vase, that is on display at the Louvre. It is the only object that is connected to her that is still surviving
I pretty sure I'm related to her :)
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