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Theories of Group Dynamics

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Jennifer Semkowski

on 10 December 2014

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Transcript of Theories of Group Dynamics

Theories of Group Dynamics
What are group dynamics ?
When working in a group setting, people often take on distinct roles and behaviors
"Group dynamics" refers to how individuals roles and behaviors effect the group as a whole
It is the influence that ones personality, power and behaviors have on the group process
Their can be many different types of groups, with dynamics that are specific to their goals and needs
Reasons for Group Formation
Individuals usually join groups to have a sense of stability and to achieve higher capacities
Groups can be split into two types of groups: Informal groups and Formal groups
Individuals tend to want to be in an Informal group because it gives them a sense of security, power, they have a status and develop self-esteem
In a formal group, members achieve goals together that they could never achieve on their own. It is about achievement and having a sense of security
Stages of Group Development
In 1965 Dr Bruce Tuckman published his group development theory, and in the 1970's he added a fifth stage. Dr Tuckman's five stages of group development are:
Forming: Members form a group and get to know one another
Storming: Everyone tries to figure out their roles and responsibilities within the group
Norming: The group comes to a consensus on what the task is to be accomplish
Performing: Individuals assign roles and accomplish the task they are given
Adjourning/Reforming/ Transforming: When every member of the group contributes their completed task and the final task is formed or preformed. The task is accomplished.
Conclusion
Aristotle said is best, " The whole is greater than the sum of its parts"
A good group can accomplish so much when they have the right group dynamic.
Principles of Group Dynamics
For a group to be successful the group must have:
two or more people
open communication and interactions among members
a common goal in mind
each group member actively contributing to the group
each person must see themselves as a member and have a feeling of belonging
The group must be willing to accept change to prevent stress and tension within the group
Have a functioning hierarchy
Group Behavior
Every group will have their own ways of functioning, but each group will have:
Group Norms: Shared rules for behavior that group members must follow
Group Cohesiveness: How close each group member is and to which level the group agrees on decisions
Group decision making: Can every group member collectively come to a common decision
Team-Building Strategies
A group is a lot like a team, in order to work together cohesively you must create a bond of trust and dependency with your group members. To build a strong bond groups can:
Have a common goal: Have a clear single goal
Have a clear goal: Good communication keeps all group members on the same page
Commitment from each team member: To function as a productive team each member must be fully committed to the group
Do what you do best: Every member has their own strengths that they bring to the group
It is not about you: Members must remember to function as a team not as individuals
Talk to each other: Active and constant communication is key for group success
Work as a team: Spend time together so you get to know each other and can start anticipating each others moves
Everyone can't lead: Delegate jobs to individuals members so that each member has their own responsibility
Roles that individuals play in groups
Roles within the group are an extremely important part to the groups dynamics, some roles in a group are:
Information and Opinion giver: state opinions and offer facts
Information and Opinion seeker: request statements and facts
Initiator: propose tasks or goals
Direction giver:try to lead the group and give authority
Clarifier and elaborator: interpret ideas and clear up confusion
Coordinator: clarifies and coordinated ideas
Summarizer: pull together related ideas
Energizer: stimulate the group members
Active Listener: listens to all ideas
Encourager: Is a friendly, warm person who is responsive to others
Harmonizer: mediates and resolves conflict
Tension Reliever: keeps the group on the same page
Communication Helper: assists in communication
Process Observer: oversees that each part of the task is getting done
Standard Setter: sets goals and standards for the group
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