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Oliva Espinoza

on 6 May 2015

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Transcript of Technology

Pro's & Con's

The first blackboard was invented in 1801 by James Pillans. This teaching-tool breakthrough allowed teachers to write lessons for the entire class to copy.

Originally used for military training, the projector later became a huge classroom hit because it allowed teachers to write their lessons on transparencies prior to class.
Overhead Projector
Smart Boards are presentation tools that teachers can hook up to a computer in the classroom. Teachers can make notes on the Smart Boards, highlight content, click through to various applications and also print out content to hand to the students.
During 1984, Apple Macintosh computer was used in classrooms. Public schools in the U.S. averaged about one computer for every 92 students in 1984.
Time to roll out our old friend the TV cart. VHS invented by JVC, VHS was the predominant video format by the 1980’s.
SMART board
Laptop computers are becoming increasingly prevalent in higher education and are even being used in some K-12 classrooms. laptops are always there to discover the most current information in a fast and easy way.
Document Camera
A document camera displays visuals in real-time. This is perfect for showing examples on how to complete a math page, giving handwriting tips, or just reading a story while students watch from their seats.
The use of iPads has encouraged greater sharing of resources among teachers. 1.5 million iPads are used in schools.
Instant answers
Wider access to information
Access to video
Social learning
Wide range of music available
Peace of Mind
Provide a dis-connect
Inappropriate material
Harmful effects of digital devices
Lack of experience in technology
Examples of Assistive Technology
Who does it help?
Students with sever reading disabilities and dyslexia can benefit from programs that "scan words" and read them aloud via synthesized voices, some of which sound uncannily human.
Inclusion Classroom:
Students using text-to-speech technology can access classroom curriculum that might not be available to audiobook form. Additionally, Students can read worksheets created uniquely by teachers. Students can improve fluency and focus on reading comprehension instead of decoding.
Who does it help?
This form of AT helps students with specific learning disabilities that impact their ability to put thoughts into words. Often, writers with learning disabilities will skip over words when they are unsure of the correct spelling, leading disabilities will skip over words when they are unsure of the correct spelling, leading to pieces of writing that are short, missing key elements, or not reflective of the students true ability.
Inclusion Classroom:

Many students can only demonstrate understanding of a concept though verbal expression. Providing students with speech-to-text technology will allow content area teachers to assess student understanding of a concept that cannot otherwise be expressed when a student must write himself. Such Technology can be used in testing scenarios, as well as with taking notes.
Who does it help?

This form of AT can help students with slow processing time, poor short term memory, and disabilities related to executive functioning, self-regulation, or organization.
Inclusion Classroom:
Students who require repetition of information, struggle to plan written assignments, or need extra time to copy/process information can use organization-focused technology to help them in the inclusion classroom. Using a variety of graphic organization to help plan assignments.
Entry- Teacher uses technology to deliver curriculum content to students
Adoption- Teacher directs students in the conventional use of tool-based software
Adaptation- Teacher encourages adaptation of tool-based software by allowing students to select and modify a tool to accomplish the task at hand
Infusion- Teacher consistently provides the infusion of technology tools with understanding, applying, analyzing, and evaluating learning tasks
Transformation- Teacher cultivates a rich learning environment, where there are blending choice of technology tools with student discussions, compositions, projects, across any content area, is promoted.

Technology opens doors for students that were never there before. With technology the students explore the Internet and how to use technology and learn new things constantly.The use of computers to look up information/data is a tremendous time saver.When technology is integrated into school lessons, learners are more likely to be interested in, focused on, and excited about the subjects they are studying. It prepares us for the future since technology will continue to grow.
Teachers sometimes will allow students who stay in the classroom during their lunch time to use laptops. They are more likely to play games online when they get to use them. Instead of letting them play games, teachers can try to have some discussions or activities together with those students.

Levels of Technology Integration into the Curriculum
Integrating Technology in classrooms
During my observation in the classroom, the teacher utilizes technology when needed. She uses the SMART board when she needs to display a piece of work that she wants the students to see. I have not seen her use the laptops in class during my time observing. My only suggestion is to incorporate the use of technology more. Other than that I think that her use of technology is effective. With these technological tools it can be very beneficial for students and make learning and school interesting and fun. After all this is the digital age!
What is Educational Technology?
I believe that technology has become part of the educational process over the years and we as students and future teachers should be comfortable with using technology in our classrooms for a fun learning and teaching experience. It is essential that students and educators keep up with new technological innovations because it can benefit all of us in the future not only in school but in our every day lives.

Educational technology is the effective use of technological tools in learning. As a concept, it concerns an array of tools, such as media, machines and networking hardware, as well as considering theoretical perspectives for their effective application.
Assistive technology (AT) is any device, piece of equipment or system that helps a person with a disability work around his challenges so he/she can learn, communicate or simply function better.
There are AT tools to help students who struggle with:
Organization and memory

Assistive technology doesn't cure or eliminate learning difficulties, but it can help your child reach her potential because it allows to capitalize on their strengths and bypass areas of difficulty.
Education leaders have recognized the importance of students learning how to use technology and have enacted new technology standards that require teachers to integrate the use of technology into the curriculum for every subject.

They have seen the great need for students to learn to use technology as a part of their daily lives in order to prepare themselves for a future filled with technology.

Almost all workers in business, industry, government, and education are now required to use technology. The technology skills and knowledge that students gain in the classroom will create a foundation for the technology skills and knowledge they will need in the future.
Why is technology integration needed?
Teaching & Learning with Technology
1. Technology provides motivation for students by:
Gaining learner attention
Engaging the learner through production work
Increasing perceptions of control
2. Technology increased teacher productivity by:
Freeing time to work with students by helping with production and record-keeping tasks
Providing more accurate information more quickly
Allowing teachers to produce better looking, more “student-friendly” materials more quickly
Benefits of Assistive Technology
It gives them self confidence
Students can better reach their potential
It can help them be more independent
It makes the curriculum available to all
AT can boost engagement among users
Different types
of Assistive Technology
Assistive Listening:
Supports that help a student who is either deaf or has a hearing loss. This includes hearing aids, amplifiers, captions on TV, and typing telephones.
Computer-Based Instruction:
Software to help students with learning difficulties in reading, writing, math and other subject areas.
Equipment that allows a student with a physical or visual disability to move independently and safely through the community. This includes wheelchairs, walkers, and adapted bicycles.
Visual Aids:
Supports that give a student with visual difficulties access to information. This includes large-print books, books on tape, magnifiers, talking computer software, and Braillers.
1. Provides flexibility- Allows for many forms of media, pictures, illustrations, maps, graphs games, and videos to be displayed.

2. Enhances the teaching and learning experience- Provides new and innovative ways for teachers to teach and students to learn. It all also supports a wide variety of learning styles.

3. Interact/ Share- offers learners an opportunity to share and participate in the instructional process.

4. Access to online information and tools. DISADVANTAGES:
1. Expensive 2. Maintenance 3. Glitches.
5. Going Green- environmentally friendly.

6. Technology integration.

Scenarios of Assistive
Technology in classroom
Brad, a high school sophomore with visual impairment, uses a screen magnifier in his classes. This device allows him to follow along on handouts when teachers cannot make them large enough for him to read. With the magnifier, Brad’s classmates no longer have to read to him, giving him more independence.
An eighth grader with cerebral palsy, Stacy uses a computer with a key guard and trackball to type her in-class assignments since she cannot write by hand. Stacy’s assistive technology eliminates the need to go to a separate room with a paraeducator acting as a scribe. Remaining in class with her peers boosts Stacy’s independence and confidence.

Quick SMART Facts:
SMART technologies was founded in 1987 by David Martin and Nancy Knowlton
SMART created the world's first interactive whiteboard in 1991.
More than 3 million SMART board interactive whiteboards have been installed globally in education, business and government settings.
Over 2.8 million installed in K-12 classrooms reaching more than 60 million students and their teachers.
Over 65,000 digital resources are available on the smart exchange website, SMART online community for educators.

Technology tools:
MacBook Computers
Document Camera
How are most teachers connecting with technology?
60% grade students using gradebook software
58% develop curriculum and lesson plans.
54% locate instructional materials on the internet

OBSERVATIONS from the field
54% of 21st C. children start using mobile devices when they are 5 to 8 years old.

30% of apps on parents' phones are downloaded especially for their children's usage.

77% of the parents accept the usage of tablets to increase children's learning and creativity.

72% of iTunes top selling apps are designed for pre-schoolers and elementary students.
Families and Technology:
Fourth Grade
* SMART board

*Laptop connected to
the SMART board

* Laptop Station/
Audio Station

SMART board
First grade classroom
Benefits of Using
in the classrooms:
Improved retention rate
Technology helps students learn at their own pace
Students are attracted to technology therefore, it makes learning fun.
Technology prepares students for the future.
Flexibility & adaptability
* SMART board
* Laptops
* Printer
Technology Utilized in Classroom:
SMART board

By: Sally, Oliva, Elizabeth and Lisha.
Alternative Communication:
Supports that allow a child who cannot speak, or whose speech is not understood by others, to communicate. This includes picture boards, voice output communication devices, communication software and computers.
The above scenarios illustrate why assisstive technology is so necessary to the development of a student with disabilities. It allows increased participation in the classroom and promotes independence. For students receiving special education services, assistive technologies make academic and cooperative inclusion possible.
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