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Start of WW1 and Schlieffen Plan
Transcript of Start of WW1 and Schlieffen Plan
What's a German
How could Germany avoid war on
two fronts at once?
Will it work?
What do you think?
Completed in 1905, named
for German General Alfred Von Schlieffen
Russians would take long to mobilize on east
Germans would move faster than the French
French would think Germans were coming from their homeland, not Belgium
Britain would not go to war over Belgium
It Failed! Why?
...not to mention Russia is able to mobilize in 10 DAYS!!!
Let's take a look at what happened!!
Remember - the KEY is to avoid war on
2 fronts (east and west)
The "Curved Claw"
The plan relies on:
Swift movement through Belgium
Swift takeover of France
assumption? 6 weeks total.
Belgium delays German army 1 month
Reports of German atrocities surface (people are enraged)
British declares war on Germany and moves in to help Belgium
France has time to prepare - they are waiting for the Germans and secure all channel ports
Germany is fighting a war on 2 fronts immediately
Western Front = both sides "dig in" to secure where they are
Dig trenches and erect machine guns (both sides)
From now until 1918 neither side will advance more than 10 miles forward or backwards from their positions
A country's desire for a powerful military,
built for aggressive use.
Germany jealous of Britain's army and navy
Germany starts to build
Britain and others worried about Germany building their military
Britain starts building up more
Countries making agreements for mutual
protection against enemies.
Great Britain, France, Russia
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries (ie. colonies)
Germany jealous of others colonies and want more
Colonies = land, resources, money, people, power!!!
The belief that your nation is
better than every other nation.
Competition and superiority
No care for others
June 28, 1914: The
assassinates the Archduke of Austria-Hungary
, Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo.
July 28th, 1914
August 1st, 1914
August 4th, 1914
August 3, 1914
July 23, 1914
June 28, 1914
1st Declarations of War
Austria-Hungary formally declares war on Serbia
The "Blank Cheque"
Germany defends A-H by declaring war on Russia
France steps in to defend Russia
Britain declares war on Germany
Serbian "Black Hand" assassinates Archduke Ferdinand
Austria-Hungary gives Serbia an ultimatum
Serbia rejects the ultimatum (July 25th)
What about Canada?
Canada is obliged to declare war on August 4th because of our British status
Prime Minister Robert Borden makes the official declaration
How does this cartoon exemplify
what happened in ww1?
Small, improvised trenches of the first few months developed into complex systems
Systems were often 3 parallel lines interconnected by communication trenches
Trenches were usually 12 ft deep in a zigzagged pattern
So, what was trench warfare REALLY like?
Russia (friends with Serbia) defends the Serbian border and declares war as well
Germany had offered A-H a "blank cheque"
Germany declares war on France