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Start of WW1 and Schlieffen Plan

How could Germany Avoid a war on two fronts at once? Answer: The Schlieffen Plan
by

Rhiannon Campbell

on 25 September 2016

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Transcript of Start of WW1 and Schlieffen Plan

wORLD wAR one:
HOW DOES
War BEGIN?

What's a German
to do?!
How could Germany avoid war on
two fronts at once?
The Plan:
Will it work?
What do you think?

Completed in 1905, named
for German General Alfred Von Schlieffen
Russians would take long to mobilize on east
Germans would move faster than the French
French would think Germans were coming from their homeland, not Belgium
Britain would not go to war over Belgium

It Failed! Why?
...not to mention Russia is able to mobilize in 10 DAYS!!!
Let's take a look at what happened!!
Remember - the KEY is to avoid war on
2 fronts (east and west)
The "Curved Claw"
The plan relies on:
RAPID MOVEMENT!
Swift movement through Belgium
Swift takeover of France
assumption? 6 weeks total.
Germans assumed...
Belgium delays German army 1 month
Reports of German atrocities surface (people are enraged)
British declares war on Germany and moves in to help Belgium
France has time to prepare - they are waiting for the Germans and secure all channel ports
Germany is fighting a war on 2 fronts immediately
STALEMATE!
Western Front = both sides "dig in" to secure where they are
Dig trenches and erect machine guns (both sides)
From now until 1918 neither side will advance more than 10 miles forward or backwards from their positions
m
a
i
n
s
ilitarism
lliances
mperialism
ationalism
PARK!
Militarism
alliances
Imperialism
nationalism
A country's desire for a powerful military,
built for aggressive use.
Germany jealous of Britain's army and navy
Germany starts to build
Britain and others worried about Germany building their military
Britain starts building up more
ARMS RACE!!!
Countries making agreements for mutual
protection against enemies.
Triple Entente:
Great Britain, France, Russia
Triple Alliance:
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries (ie. colonies)
Germany jealous of others colonies and want more
Colonies = land, resources, money, people, power!!!
The belief that your nation is
better than every other nation.
Competition and superiority
No care for others
SPARK!
June 28, 1914: The
Serbian
"Black Hand"
(Gavrilo Princip)
assassinates the Archduke of Austria-Hungary
, Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo.
July 28th, 1914
August 1st, 1914
August 4th, 1914
August 3, 1914
July 23, 1914
June 28, 1914
1st Declarations of War
Austria-Hungary formally declares war on Serbia
The "Blank Cheque"
Germany defends A-H by declaring war on Russia
France mobilizes
France steps in to defend Russia
World War!
Britain declares war on Germany


ASSASSINATION
Serbian "Black Hand" assassinates Archduke Ferdinand
Ultimatum
Austria-Hungary gives Serbia an ultimatum

Serbia rejects the ultimatum (July 25th)

What about Canada?
Canada is obliged to declare war on August 4th because of our British status
Prime Minister Robert Borden makes the official declaration
the result?
How does this cartoon exemplify
what happened in ww1?
2 fronts
The trenches
Small, improvised trenches of the first few months developed into complex systems

Systems were often 3 parallel lines interconnected by communication trenches

Trenches were usually 12 ft deep in a zigzagged pattern
So, what was trench warfare REALLY like?

Russia (friends with Serbia) defends the Serbian border and declares war as well
Germany had offered A-H a "blank cheque"
Germany declares war on France
Full transcript