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Hadrian's Wall

Ms. Churchill, English 2 Honors, Period 2
by

Benjamin Tat

on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of Hadrian's Wall

Hadrian's Wall
Builders
Owners
24 January, 76 AD – 10 July, 138 AD.
Roman Emperor from 117 to 138.
His idea to construct Hadrain's wall.
Wanted to protect his expansion of the Roman Empire and to express the power of the Romans.
Construction began in the year 122 AD.
Completed within 6 years.
Originally was constructed with turf, but later was covered in stone the whole length.
Finished 128 AD.
How & When
Hadrian's Wall extended west from Segedunum at Wallsend, on the River Tyne, to the shore of the Solway Firth, ending a short but unknown distance west of the village of Bowness-on-Solway.
Location
Hadrian's Wall Consisted Of
Forts
Segedunum
Pons Aelius
Condercum
Vindobala
Hunnum
Cilurnum
Procolita
Vercovicium
Aesica
Magnis
Banna
Camboglanna
Uxelodunum
Aballava
Coggabata
Mais
Turrets on the wall include:
Leahill Turret
Outpost forts beyond the wall include:
Habitancum (Risingham)
Bremenium (Rochester)
Fanum Cocidi (Bewcastle)
Ad Fines (Chew Green)
Supply forts behind the wall include:
Alauna (Maryport)
Arbeia (South Shields)
Coria (Corbridge)
Vindolanda (Little Chesters or Chesterholm)
Vindomora (Ebchester)
Documentaries
Short Clips
Emperor Hadrian wanted a way to maintain his expansions to the Roman Empire; Keeping the empire "intact."
Prevent rebellions.
Opportunities for taxation.
Keeping track of entering and exiting natives.
Smuggling activity.
Reflect power of Rome.
Purpose
Arthur is portrayed as a Roman cavalry officer, the son of a Roman father and a Celtic mother.
Commands a unit of Sarmatian auxiliary cavalry in Britain at the close of the Roman occupation in 467 A.D.
He and his men guard Hadrian's Wall against the 'Woads', a group of native Britons who are rebels against Roman rule, led by the mysterious Merlin.
Legends
Construction began 122 with the reign of Emperor Hadrian.
Finished in 126.
Used for defense against attacking enemies and rebels.
In 138, began the rise of the Antonine Wall.
History
In 138, the new emperor, Antoninus Pius building a new wall called the Antonine Wall.
in 1987, Hadrian's Wall was declared a World Heritage Site
In 2005, it became part of the transnational "Frontiers of the Roman Empire" World Heritage Site.
On March 13, 2010 a public event Illuminating Hadrian's Wall took place, which saw the route of the wall lit with 500 beacons.
On 31 August and 2 September 2012 there was a second illumination of the wall as a digital art installation called "Connecting Light."
Major Events
Status Today
Is part of the Northumberland National Park.
In 2003, a National Trail footpath was opened which follows the line of the wall from Wallsend to Bowness-on-Solway.
It remains unguarded, allowing those interested in the site full advantage of going up to and even standing on it.
Can cycle on Hadrian's Cycle way which is 174 miles.
Can hike the 84 mile trail.
Status Today
Constructed during the rule of emperor Hadrian.
Built by the three Roman Legions stationed in Britain; II Augusta, the VI Victrix Pia Fidelis and the XX Valera Victrix.
Legions are basic roman army units consisting of up to 5,400 soldier.
Around 16,000 soldiers worked on building and completing the wall.
Bibliography
Full transcript