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Orientalism in the Nutcracker
Transcript of Orientalism in the Nutcracker
Nutcracker An in-depth look at the Arabian
"coffee" dance in Tchaikovsky's
final ballet Tchaikovsky Arabian "Coffee Dance Tchaikovsky's Inspiration Ivanov's Georgian Lullaby The Nutcracker performed by the Royal Ballet The Nutcracker Fascination with
Western Europe Hesitation and Frustration Russia and the Ottoman
Empire Ptyor I'lich Tchaikovsky "Long-time and Foreign
Enemy" Russian Orientalism First impressions of the Orient
17th - 19th centuries
Russia as a Western Power Constantly moved around Russia as a young boy
Studied at the conservatory in St. Petersburg
Traveled to Europe after graduation
Spring of 1878 - Lived the nomadic life and
traveled within and outside the borders of Russia
Was never shy to talk about his love of Western Europe
Extensively traveled around the region
Adored French theatre, ballets, and Italian operas
Firmly assimilated musical traditions of Europe
Never mentioned a remote interest in the Other, or exotic culture in general. Writtten by E.T.A. Hoffman, popular Russian author In the original libretto, Petipa request Tchaikovsky to write "24-32" bars of bewitching and cloying music"
Was actually taken from a Georgian lullaby composed by colleague Ippolitov Ivanov
Lived in Georgia area for most of his life
Caucasian Sketches Suite No. 2, Mvt. II (Berceuse) The finals years of his life, Tchaikovsky was receiving more requests for new pieces than ever
"The greatest collaboration of his career."
Vsevolozhsky and Petipa
Sleeping Beauty and Swan Lake were immensely successful
During the process Tchaikovsky wanted to be released from the project
Georgian Folk Songs Georgia Two distinct styles: East and West
dedicated performers/masters called "anugh"
unique and improvisational structure
ornamentations and embellishments
accompanied by oriental instruments
reoccuring theme: the love for a woman - until death
extreme passion and heightened expression of emotion
United with Russia in 1801; culture experienced great changes
European ideas of music began to work its way in the folk songs
piano, guitar, and mandoline
Anyone could compose/perform
Similarities Simple melody, with mainly stepwise motion
Tchaikovsky adds more ornamentation at the end of the phrase
exact transposition (well almost) ** Music Excerpts ** Differences Use of unique instrumentals not featured in the rest of the ballet
Tambourine and Oboe
Ostinato bass line
Steady, insistent rhythm
E flat major, to g minor, back to E flat major