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Royer_United Nations_Margherita Hailey
Transcript of Royer_United Nations_Margherita Hailey
-IMPROVING LIVING STANDARDS
-PROMOTING HUMAN RIGHTS THE UN WAS FORMED AFTER THE PREVIOUS
INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING GROUP,
THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS, FAILED TO PREVENT WORLD WAR II. WHAT IS THE UNITED NATIONS? THE UNITED NATIONS CHARTER IS A DOCUMENT THAT OUTLINES THE STRUCTURE OF THE UN. UNITED NATIONS THE CHARTER THE CHARTER INCLUDES... CRITERIA FOR MEMBERSHIP
DIFFERENT GROUPS OF THE PEOPLE IN THE UN
HOW THE UN DEALS WITH DISPUTES AMONG COUNTRIES
PURPOSES OF THE UN
PRINCIPLES OF THE UN WHAT ARE THE PURPOSES OF THE UNITED NATIONS? MAINTAINING INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY TO ACHIEVE COOPERATION IN SOLVING INTERNATIONAL PROBLEMS DEVELOPING FRIENDLY RELATIONS BETWEEN NATIONS PROMOTING AND ENCOURAGING RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS PRINCIPLES WELL, ACCORDING TO THE CHARTER, THEY ARE... + MEMBERS MUST FOLLOW RULES OF THE CHARTER
+ MEMBERS MUST SETTLE DISPUTES PEACEFULLY
+ THREATS MUST NOT BE USED TOWARDS OTHERS
+ THE UN CANNOT INTERFERE WITH THE NATIONAL AFFAIRS OF OTHER COUNTRIES Q: HOW MANY COUNTRIES ARE PART OF THE UNITED NATIONS? A: THERE WERE 51 ORIGINAL MEMBERS OF THE UN IN 1945. NOW, THEY HAVE EXPANDED TO INCLUDE 193 COUNTRIES. IMPORTANT DOCUMENT OF THE UNITED NATIONS: UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS THE United Nations Children in Need Preventing Crime & Drug Use World Health World Tourism Trade & Development Food and Agruculture The General Assembly The Security
Council The main discussing organ of the United Nations Decisions made on issues concerning peace, security, money, and its own members The current president is Vuk Jeremic from Serbia Elects its own President each year from a different geographical region Its job is to make peace; it investigates and solves potential disputes There are 5 permanent members of the Security Council The Security Council also has 10 countries that are non-permanent members Economic and Social Council A PHOTO TAKEN AT THE 1ST GENERAL ASSEMBLY MEEETING IN 1946 PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA RUSSIA USA UNITED KINGDOM FRANCE COLOMBIA GERMANY INDIA SOUTH AFRICA
TOGO Has regular meetings during the year with different organizations and representations Holds responsibility for 70% of the UN’s financial & human resources A PHOTO FROM THE 1ST ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL MEETING IN 1956 International Court of Justice Makes decisions using the rules set forth in the UN charter Settles legal disputes submitted by various countries THE COURT OF JUSTICE MEETS AT THE HAUGE, NETHERLANDS Secretariat The Secretariat answers to the UN alone Carries out the day-to-day work of the UN & provides service to the UN’s other organs Led by the Secretary-General Currently Ban Ki-Moon of South Korea Councils of the United Nations Carlos P. Romulo of the Philippines signs the United Nations Charter CONSISTS OF THIRTY ARTICLES INCLUDING INTERNATIONAL TREATIES, REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS, AS WELL AS NATIONAL CONSTITUTIONS AND LAWS DEVELOPED IN 1948 ALONGSIDE THE CREATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS POWERS OF THE UNITED NATIONS IT RECOGNIZES EQUALITY AND RIGHTS OF ALL PEOPLE AND PROMOTES FREEDOM, JUSTICE AND PEACE three two one The UN has 3 powers it can exert over aggressor nations Condemn the aggressor nation through speeches and resolutions Use economic authority, urging other members not to trade with the assailant Respond using military action by sending in armed forces THERE ARE MANY CANADIAN CITIZENS INVOLVED IN THE UNITED NATIONS.
THE CANADIAN AMBASSADOR OF THE UN IS CANADIAN PAUL HEINBECKER, AND THE DEPUTY-SECRETARY GENERAL IS CANADIAN LOUISE FRÉCHETTE Canada THESE THREE CHOICES DON'T ALWAYS WORK OUT WELL
SINCE PERMANENT MEMBERS OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL CAN VETO ANY DECISION INFLUENCES OF THE UNITED NATIONS THE UN HELPS SPEED UP THE INDEPENDENCE OF COUNTRIES THAT DO NOT GOVERN THEMSELVES CANADA HAS BEEN AN ACTIVE PARTICIPANT IN THE UN SINCE ITS FOUNDING IN 1945 AND ASSISTED IN DRAFTING THE UNITED NATIONS CHRTER TODAY, MOST OF THE UN'S WORK IS DEVELOPMENT IN POORER COUNTRIES AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE WE HAVE BEEN INVOLVED IN EVERY UN PEACEKEEPING OPERATION AND ALSO HELP TO SUSTAIN A CONSTRUCTIVE CONTRIBUTION TO ALL AREAS OF THE UNITED NATIONS CANADA CONTRIBUTES TO ASPECTS OF THE UN SUCH AS HUMAN RIGHTS, PEACE, AND SECURITY AS WELL AS SOCIA, ECONOMIC AND ENVIROMENTAL AFFAIRS THE UN EASES TENSIONS AND ORGANIZES NEGOTIATIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL CRISES CRITICISM of the UNITED NATIONS WE ARE THE 7TH LARGEST CONTRIBUTOR OUT OF ALL MEMBERS OF STATE, DONATING $28 MILLION ANNUALLY UNITED NATIONS THE UN'S SECURITY COUNCIL RARELY MAKES DESICIONS BECAUSE THE PERMANENT MEMBERS CAN VETO SECURITY ACTION THE UNITED NATIONS ESTABLISHED THE INTERNATIONAL DAY OF PEACE IN 1981, DEVOTED TO STRENGTHENING IDEAS OF PEACE AMONG NATIONS AND PEOPLE THE UN DOES MANY THINGS TO HELP BENEFIT US AND OUR COMMUNITY IN THE FIRST TEN YEARS AFTER THE UN'S FOUNDING, RUSSIA USED THE VETO 79 TIMES. UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPERS WERE ACCUSED OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN HAITI, CONGO, AND SUDAN THEY PROMOTE GENDER QUALITY AND EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN OVER 85% OF THE UNITED NATIONS IS FUNDED BY ONLY 20 COUNTRIES- AND THE US PROVIDES 1/5 OF THE UN'S TOTAL BUDGET. THE UN HOLDS CAMPAIGNS TO RAISE GLOBAL AWARENESS OF VULNERABLE GROUPS THEY PROCLAIMED DECEMBER 3RD TO BE INTERNATIONAL DAY OF DISABLED PEOPLE WITH THE AIM OF PROMOTING AWARENESS how the affects us a AGENCIES created by THE UNITED NATIONS help the following areas: AND UNITED NATIONS THE UNITED NATIONS UNITED NATIONS of the CHARTER