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1920s Crime World
Transcript of 1920s Crime World
Known as the "Noble Experiment"
Made America a dry nation with making the sale and production of any liquor illegal
Became the 18th Amendment of 1920 St. Valentine's Massacre Rum Runners and Moonshiners Rum Runners are people who illegally imported or smuggled liquor into the country
Was big in New York, Michigan, New Jersey, California, Florida, and Washington
Moonshiners made liquor in their homes and sold it; sometimes made in bath tubs or stills, machines that distilled liquor. Vine-Glo was a product used to turn grape juice into wine in 2 months.
George Remus, a trained pharmacist and lawyer, bought a distillery - which was designated as legal for medicinal purposes - and sold alcohol to bootleggers and speakeasies. Backlash to the New Law Though supported by people like Henry Ford, Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller, and protestant churches, it saw resistance from the likes of youth, laborers, and Catholic churches
Rum Runners, bootleggers, and moonshiners made liquor easily accessible, even with the law in full enforcement.
Some alcohol was legal for medicinal purposes.
Speakeasies came about as bars were closed down under the law. This further helped to condone illegal activity. Bootleggers were people who sold illegal liquor.
The alcohol was commonly hidden in their boots, which coined the term bootlegging.
The sale of illegal alcohol grew into a lucrative business with the high demand. And so gave rise to organized crime.
Mafias inherently run illegal businesses. Illegal demand - illegal supply.
Prohibition made criminals of normal citizens; whether they were part of organized crime or not. Some bootleggers were not part of a mob. One of the most infamous bootleggers was Alfonse "Al" Capone.
"Everybody calls me a racketeer. I call myself a businessman. When I sell liquor, it's bootlegging. When my patrons serve it on Lake Shore Drive; it's hospitality."
Began in organized crime under Johnny Torrio, head of Chicago's crime world, who brought him from New York to Chicago where Al Capone would soon take over Torrio's gang and reign supreme.
His headquarters was at Hawthorne Hotel.
He had 700 men, ran 10000 speakeasies, oversaw bootlegging from Florida to Chicago, and was the cause of 400 gang-related deaths.
He fought with rival gangs for control of the bootlegging industry.
His biggest rival was George "Bugs" Moran until the St. Valentine's Massacre. Police were often bribed to condone illegal actions, such as bootlegging or speakeasies.
Police force under Eliot Ness in Chicago known as the Untouchables fought organized crime, but was infiltrated and wrought with graft and corruption.
Izzy Einstein and Moe Smith were partner federal prohibition agents who caught bartenders and bootleggers using tricky disguises; like grave diggers, musicians, baseball players, and more.
They were responsible for 20% of New York City's arrests at the time. How it came about... PROHIBITION Scarface the Bootlegger Corrupt or Clean? In his teens, Capone was hired by Torrio and his partner, Frankie Yale, as a bouncer in a saloon-brothel they ran in Brooklyn. It was here that Capone picked up his nickname of "Scareface Al," after his left cheek was slashed in a knife fight over a girl who's brother was the hoodlum Frank Galluccio. Later he would tell acquaintances and reporters that he got the wound serving in the "Lost Battalion" in France in World War I, but he was never even in the service. George "Bugs" Moran's gang gathered in a liquor warehouse on Chicago's North Side. They used it for bootlegging operations.
Moran's gang got duped by Capone's men into waiting for a delivery of whiskey.
A blue car similar to a cop car pulled into the warehouse with Capone's men, dressed as cops with shotguns and submachine guns - popular gang weapons of the time.
Police raids were commonplace, but this was unexpected because Moran's men paid off the cops.
Capone's men opened fire and 7 were left dead.
The shooters escaped and no one was ever caught or convicted. END OF PROHIBITION Crime and cost surrounding prohibition made it not feasible.
Prohibition was a moral issue that also interfered with religious practice.
It caused a general condone of lawlessness, a rise in crime (especially organized crime), and corrupted officials whose aim was to enforce the law.
Thus the "Noble Experiment" failed, and so the campaign to repeal prohibition gained even more support as the decade progressed.
Repealed in 1933 with the 21st Amendment.