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The Absence of Germany, USA, and Russia from the League of Nations

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Colleen Mainger

on 16 January 2013

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Transcript of The Absence of Germany, USA, and Russia from the League of Nations

Wilson's 3 Concessions US membership was seen as critical to the success of the LoN
The US was in a better financial position post-WWI than Europe, was able to lend $
Economic sanctions would have more weight with the US behind United States Not permitted to join the LoN:
* Allies were afraid of Bolshevism and the spread of communism--Russia had been slightly successful at starting communist revolutions
* Hungary was briefly communist in 1919 until Admiral Horthy took over & restored normalcy Russia On probation for good behavior--once they demonstrated they had abandoned aggressive attitude and ready to be 'civilised' they could join Germany's absence Significance of the absences LoN dominated by Britain and France
* differences in goals: France still paranoid about German aggression, so sought protection outside LoN
* Britain concerned with trade & securing their empire

Drove Germany into an alliance with Russia

Not a world organization--made it difficult to deal with conflicts outside Europe
* Manchuria 1931

Can the League of Nations Exist without these Three? Germany, USA, Russia Rotate axis and
drag frames
to change
balance He hoped these things would convince Congress to ratify the treaty of Versailles and join the LoN:
1. Monroe Doctrine would be upheld and LoN wouldn't interfere in US plans
2. States that wanted out of LoN could leave with 2 year's notice
3. League would not consider disputes that arose from domestic sources But no. Congress still did not agree: Congress' decision reflected US opinion 1. They feared the terms would lead to further conflicts as the defeated nations sought to right their perceived wrongs.
* no US soldiers fighting for European problems
* no US funding European imperialism Reason #2 Congress said no: 2. Trade embargos: US economy was growing and post-WWI they prospered
* joining the LoN would mean they were obligated to participate in sanctions, which could damage US trade relationships and hurt the economy Reason #3 Congress said no: 3. A significant # of US citizens were of German ancestry
* they disliked the severe punishment of Germany and saw the treaty of Versailles as preventing German recovery
* Same with Italian Americans--dissatisfaction with treatment of Italian claims at the conferences It's unlikely Russia would have joined anyways: Lenin (leader of the Russian Revolution) felt LoN was a "capitalist club" formed to prevent the spread of communism Absence fueled bitterness inside the country that LoN was a victor's club keeping Germany from recovery.

Instead, Germany formed its own alliance with Russia (Treaty of Rapallo)
* This caused Britain and France to adjust their attitude towards Germany--integrate Germany into world affairs so they turn away from Russia Manchuria 1931 Japan invaded this large area of China

China appealed to the LoN for help--should be exactly their kind of issue to deal with--instead not much of substance was done and the LoN took no leadership role
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