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Clauses and Compound/Complex Sentences
Transcript of Clauses and Compound/Complex Sentences
Independent and Dependent Does not present a complete thought and cannot stand alone in a sentence. For example: "Up camels hump" CLAUSES Presents a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence.
For Example: "Russell and I hiked." Dependent Clause Independent Clause Three types of dependent clauses: Noun
Adjective Adjective clauses Noun Clauses Adverb Clauses Now let's see how these can be used in a sentence! Let's practice! Today's Goals: To have the class understand the types of clauses (independent and dependent, adverb, noun and adjective) and how to use them.
To have the class know how to recognize and write compound, complex, compound-complex and simple sentences. COMPLEX, COMPOUND, COMPLEX-COMPOUND AND SIMPLE SENTENCES Complex sentence: A sentence that contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. When I get back to school, I'm actually going to appreciate it. Compound sentence: A sentence that consists of two independent clauses. Within a compound sentence the clauses must be connected by a semi-colon, or by a comma and a coordinating conjunction. I usually don’t mind missing school, but this is not fun. Complex-Compound sentence: A sentence that contains two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. Yes, I have a bad flu, and because I need to get well soon, I won't think about school just yet. Now lets practice identifying simple, complex, compound, and complex-compound sentences! Here's an example: Example: For Example: EXIT CARD Used in the place of a noun Ex. However, the teacher said that the essay questions are based only on the last two chapters. Adverb clauses are used like an adverb to modify a verb, an adjective or an adverb. Ex. If I study hard, I will pass this test. Also, all adverb clauses begin with a subordinating conjuntion. Subordinating Conjunctions: Conjunctions that both connect and show the relationship between two clauses that are not equally important Examples of Subordinating Conjunctions: after
because Used like an adjective to modify a noun or a pronoun Ex. Tomorrow’s test, which covers the entire book, is half essay and half short answers. Now lets practice identifying complex, compound, and complex-compound sentences! We will be handing out a sheet with 10 questions.
This will not be graded on its own, but if you get a 100%, we will add 3 points to your homework grade (out of 14)! NO COLLABORATING!
If we see people working together, we will not give a bonus to those involved even if they get all the questions correct. Types of Adjective Clauses Restrictive Nonrestrictive Specifies or restricts a noun.
Begins with a relative pronoun like that or who. Adds specific information about an already specific noun.
Begins with a relative pronoun like which or who. Finally lets talk about simple sentences: A simple sentence is a sentence that consists of only one independent clause and no dependent clause. A simple sentence contains the following: For example (single subject and predicate):
My back aches. (Single subject; single predicate) Compound subject, and single predicate:
My Teeth and eyes hurt. Compound subject and predicate:
My throat and nose feel sore and look red. Unless you don't study, you will pass the quiz. I asked if Sam, who is a family friend, was coming over. I do not like to dance and I will not dance for you. Identify the folowing:
A. Some students like to study in the mornings.
B. Alejandro played football, so he went shopping for clothes.
C. The house which Abraham Lincoln was born in is still standing.
D. Alicia goes to the library and studies every day.
E. Juan and Maria went to the movies after they finished studying. F- For
S- So Restrictive - The suspect in the lineup who has red hair committed the crime.
Nonrestrictive - The suspect in the lineup, who owns a red car, committed the crime.