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Tropical Rain forest

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Sierra Cook

on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of Tropical Rain forest

The average annual precipitation in the tropical rainforest is 50in to 260in yearly.
Tropical Rain forest
Native Animals
Spider Monkey
Scientific Name: Ateles Geoffreyi
Scientific Name: Ramphastidae
Scarlet Macaw
Scientific Name: Ara Macao
Scientific Name: Folivora
Scientific Name: Gorilla
Tropical Rainforests are found between 10 ° N and 10 ° S latitude at elevations below 3,000 feet.
Mainly in the Americas, Africa, and Asia.
On the eastern side of the Andes Mountains lies the Amazon Rainforest, the largest in the world.

Native Plants
Food Web
Necessary Adaptations
Weather Patterns
Importance of the Rainforest
Causes of Destruction
Works Cited
Woodward, Susan L. "Tropical Rainforest." Biomes of the World. N.p., 2012. Web. 07 Jan. 2014.

"Tropical Rainforests." Tropical Rainforests. Missouri Botanical Garden, n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2014.

"Tropical Rainforests." Tropical Rainforests. The Evergreen Project, Inc., 2003. Web. 09 Jan. 2014.

W, S.L. "Tropical Broadleaf Evergreen Forest: The Rainforest". October 13, 1996.

"Climatogram - Tropical Rainforest K&A." Climatogram - Tropical Rainforest K&A. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2014.

"Rainforest Climate." Rainforest Climate. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2014.

"Rainforest Concern." - Why Are Rainforests Important? N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2014.

"1.1 Logging." The CAUSES of RAINFOREST DESTRUCTION. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2014.

"! Rainforest Insects ! Tropical Rainforest, Far North Queensland Australia." ! Rainforest Insects ! Tropical Rainforest, Far North Queensland Australia. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.
Average annual temperature is between 68 degrees as a low and 93 degrees as a high.
Located on the equator belt
High precipitation
Large amounts of vegetation
Special Characteristics
General Geographic Characteristics
Very humid because of the large amount of rainfall.
This region is very warm because of it being very close to the equator.
Tropical rainforests make up only 20% of the world's total forests, covers only about 6% of the earth's surface, but support over half the world's animal, insect, and wild plant life.
One quarter of today's pharmaceuticals come from Tropical Rainforest plants.
Contains a larger number of plant species than any other place in the world.
Composed of 3 layers: the canopy, the understory, and the forest floor.
90% of tropical rainforests' inhabitants live in the canopy layer, never touching the ground.
Soil is very infertile and lacks the proper minerals and nutrients to help plants grow.
Because the forest floor receives very little sunlight, so not many plants grow here. The ones that do are well adapted to a very low level of light.
Because the weather is hot and wet, trees do not need thick bark to slow down moisture loss so they have thin, smooth bark.
Many plant vines grow and cling to other plants to reach heights high enough to absorb more sunlight.
Many animals adapted to eating things that others wouldn't because of the competition (toucans and parrots have sharp beaks to crack open nuts.
Ninety percent of all plant species on our planet exist in the tropics.

Save the Rainforest!
Rainforests are disappearing at the rate of 80 acres per minute, which is a little over 1 acre per second.

Found primarily in Amazon Rainforest
The leaves of the bougainvillea are shaped like little hearts
Colors very from pink, red, orange, white, and yellow
There may be 40 to 100 different species every 2.5 acres of a Tropical Rainforest.
Bougainvillea Spectabilis
Coconut Tree
Cocos nucifera
Bengal Bamboo
Dendrocalamus Latiflorus
Found in Southeast Asian rainforest
Grow between 40 feet and 80 feet in height
It can reduce soil erosion, sucks up water from heavy rains that might cause flooding and provides shelter for many animals.
Ranges from 50-80 feet in height
Feathery leaves that are 15-17 feet long
Coconuts have supplied some families from the Pacific with food, drinks, and many of their other needs
Rainforests regulate our climate.
Rainforest trees draw water from the forest floor and release it back in to the atmosphere in the form of swirling mists and clouds.
Without rainforests recycling huge quantities of water, feeding the rivers, lakes and irrigation systems, droughts would become more common, potentially leading to widespread famine and disease.
More than 25% of our modern medicines originate from tropical forest plants.
Many foods we consume today such as nuts, bananas, coffee, spices, and industrial products such as rubber, resins and fibers, were originally found in tropical rainforests.
Chondrodendron tomentosum
Leaf and root is used in many native remedies
It is also used for fever and kidney stones
If taken in large doses, it can cause muscle paralysis (possibly ending in fatality).
It first affects the muscles of the toes, ears, and eyes, then those of the neck, arms and legs, and finally, those involved in breathing.
Native Insects
Grows naturally from southern India to eastern Malaya.
10 to 20 feet in height
Southeast Asian rainforest animals, like monkeys, gibbons and jambu fruit doves rely on jambu as part of their diet
Southeast Asia's most ancient and primitive trees
90 to 130 feet high
The fruit can weigh up to 18lbs and it has a shell covered in long spikes/thorns.
Durian Tree
What you can do:
others about the importance of the environment and how they can help save rainforests.
damaged ecosystems by planting trees on land where forests have been cut down.
people to live in a way that doesn't hurt the environment
parks to protect rainforests and wildlife
companies that operate in ways that minimize damage to the environment.
Rhinoceros Beetle
Scientific Name: Dynastinae
Paper Wasp
Scientific Name: Polistes dominulus
Huntsman Spider
Scientific Name: Sparassidae
Green Tree Ant
Scientific Name: Oecophylla smaragdina
Peppermint Stick Insect
Scientific Name: Megacrania batesii

Agriculture-Shifted Cultivators (people who have moved into rainforest areas and established small-scale farming operations.)

Agriculture-Cash Crops & Cattle Ranching (Undisturbed and logged rainforest areas are being totally cleared to provide land for food crops, tree plantations or for grazing cattle)


Large Dams

Mining and Industry

Colonization Schemes

Over 90% of the animal species in the Amazon are insects.
Full transcript