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Chapter 5

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by

Tad Barton

on 3 May 2010

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Transcript of Chapter 5

Chapter 5 Lord of the Flies Quotes Characters Symbols Plot/Summary Questions Research Literary Devices Ralph Piggy Simon Conch Shell The conch shell symbolizes civilization, but more specifically, rules and structure. In the beginning of the book, when everyone is focused on civilization and rescue, the Conch has the ultimate authority. As the book goes on and the boys become "savages" as the narrator emphasizes often, the Conch loses its power, and the boys lose their hope for rescue and returning to civilization. Short answer: The Conch represents structure and order. Jack Jack is a tall, redheaded boy, and emerges as the leader of the choir boys. When Ralph becomes the initial leader, Jack becomes upset, for he wanted that position but instead becomes the leader of the "hunters." He is malicious, animalistic, and a cruel bully, who is constantly violent and threatens those below him. He is always ready to fight, and constantly attempts to weaken others. Ralph is 12 years old boy who is tall. He is a natural leader and after discovering the conch shell, he is elected as leader of the boys. Throughout the novel Ralph tries to establish order and focus on rescue. He decides that a boy can only speak at the meetings if he is holding the conch shell. He wants to keep the fire on the mountain going so that if a plane passes, the boys can be saved. He also encourages the boys to build huts. He is very much a true human because although he tries to maintain order, he is often tempted by the indulgences of the other boys. Simon was skinny and a choir boy (who did not care to be a hunter like the rest of the choir boys). Simon was a loner who often experienced fainting spells. He would wander into the jungle to think by himself. Simon sees beyond the surface of things. The other boys were indifferent towards Simon for he was not extremely social. He helped others with necessary chores, such as building the huts and taking care of the small children. As the novel goes on Simon is gradually alienated. Piggy is a fat, asthmatic boy with glasses, and a typical "sissy,". He is scientific and skeptical. He quickly befriends Ralph and recognizes that he can express his views through Ralph. Piggy is an orphan who was brought up by his aunt. He constantly refers to the old way of life. Piggy builds the sundial. Because Piggy is an intellectual who lacks social skills, he is an outsider. The boys ridicule him over and over again. He can not do anything for himself and constantly tries to get out of work while relying on Ralph. He is the voices of reason and the link to the adult world. The taunting by the boys, escalates to beatings and having his glasses stolen.
The chapter starts out with Ralph being frustrated with his hair, which is now long, mangy, and always manages to fall in front of his eyes. He decides to call a meeting to attempt to bring the group back into line. Late in the evening, he blows the conch shell, and the boys gather on the beach.

At the meeting place, Ralph berates the boys for their failure to uphold the group’s rules. They have not done anything required of them: they refuse to work at building shelters, they do not gather drinking water, they neglect the signal fire, and they do not even use the designated toilet area. He restates the importance of the signal fire and attempts to set to rest the group’s growing fear of the beast. The littluns, in particular, are increasingly plagued by nightmare visions. Ralph says there are no monsters on the island.

One of the littluns speaks up and claims that he has actually seen a beast. When the others press him and ask where it could hide during the daytime, he suggests that it might come up from the ocean at night. This previously unthought-of explanation terrifies all the boys, and the meeting plunges into chaos. Suddenly, Jack proclaims that if there is a beast, he and his hunters will hunt it down and kill it. Jack torments Piggy and runs away, and many of the other boys run after him. Eventually, only Ralph, Piggy, and Simon are left. In the distance, the hunters who have followed Jack dance and chant.

Piggy urges Ralph to blow the conch shell and summon the boys back to the group, but Ralph is afraid that the summons will go ignored and that any vestige of order will then disintegrate. He tells Piggy and Simon that he might relinquish leadership of the group, but his friends reassure him that the boys need his guidance. As the group drifts off to sleep, the sound of a littlun crying echoes along the beach.

The Beast The imaginary beast that frightens all the boys stands for the primal instinct of savagery that exists within all human beings. The boys are afraid of the beast, but only Simon reaches the realization that they fear the beast because it exists within each of them. As the boys grow more savage, their belief in the beast grows stronger.


"Fear can't hurt you any more than a dream. There aren't any beasts to be afraid of on this island....Serve you right if something did get you, you useless lot of cry-babies!"
-Jack
Chapter 5, pg. 75


"Life...is scientific....I know there isn't no beast...but I know there isn't no fear, either....Unless we get frightened of people."
-Simon
Chapter 5, pg. 76






"The world, that understandable and lawful world, was slipping away."
-Ralph
Chapter 5, pg. 82



"Maybe there is a beast....maybe it's only us."
-Simon
Chapter 5, pg. 80 Loss of Innocence At the meeting the hunters start to become "hungry" to kill the beast. And the little ones are losing sight of what is real and unreal. Foreshadowing The quote “What I mean is . . . maybe it’s only us.” that Simon stats is foreshadowing what will happen to the boys in the near future. Whch eventually will lead to Piggy's and his death.
During this time (obviously we all should know by now) World War II is going on. The boys, who are English, think they are better than everyone else (sounds like Hitler at this time). Just like the what was going on at war, the boys on the island started to go from civilized to savages. Over the course of time, they became power hungry, trying to control anything and everything they possibly could. William Golding tried explaining how the war was like, in ways, in this novel. What time of day does Ralph unwisely choose for this assembly?

Which matters does Ralph intend to address and solve?

Which of the boys is the first to denounce the power of the conch?

Who does Ralph chastise for wandering in the jungle at night?


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