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Aboriginal Life in Canada

Aboriginal Life in Canada
by

Himparth Nichani

on 20 November 2009

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Transcript of Aboriginal Life in Canada

Aboriginal Life in Canada Coastal first nations On the Pacific Coast of British Columbia there are a number of different cultural groups including: the Haida, Tsimshian, Nuxalk (Bella Coola), Northern Wakashan, Kwakwakw'wakw (Kwakuitl), Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) and the Coast Salish. Among these large groups however were a number of distinct languages and countless dialects. Every group had their own unique elements but in general they shared a similar social and cultural structure.
The Indians of this region lived mainly from hunting buffalo and used leather for clothing and items of everyday life. Their cloaks made from buffalo skins, so-called buffalo robes, are very famous. The Berlin Museum of Ethnology has a valuable collection of buffalo robes which Prince Maximilian zu Wied brought back from his journey to the Missouri River between 1832 and 1834.






Prairie Indians Inuit people IInuit is a general term for a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Canada, Greenland, Russia and the United States.The Inuit language is grouped under Eskimo-Aleut languages.
The Inuit people live throughout most of the Canadian Arctic and subarctic: in the territory of Nunavut ("our land"); the northern third of Quebec, in an area called Nunavik ("place to live"); the coastal region of Labrador, in an area called Nunatsiavut ("our beautiful land"); in various parts of the Northwest Territories, mainly on the coast of the Arctic Ocean and formerly in the Yukon.
The Métis peoples of Canada are descended of marriages of Cree, Ojibway, Algonquin, Saulteaux, Menominee, Mi'kmaq, Maliseet, and other First Nations[3] to Europeans,[4] mainly French.[5] Along with the First Nations and Inuit, the Métis are one of the three officially recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada. Metis Native populations of the Americas lacked immunity to the infectious diseases that had ravaged Europe and Asia for centuries. Sparse populations on the Plains, and in the pristine valleys of the Rocky Mountains, prevented a buildup of communicable diseases. The "white man" diseases…smallpox, measles, chicken pox, typhus, typhoid fever, dysentery, scarlet fever, diphtheria, and after 1832, cholera…were devastating to the American Indian. The "white man" diseases School Life
First nation students were taken from their houses and family and placed into schools where they were forced to learn english. They were often abuse abnd ridiculed during these years Provides Canada's federal government exclusive authority to legislate in relation to "Indians and Lands Reserved for Indians". The Indian Act is administered by the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.The Act defines who is an "Indian" and contains certain legal rights and legal disabilities for registered Indians. The rights exclusive to Indians in the Indian Act are beyond legal challenge under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Indian act uses of THE BUFFALO (Hide - Buckskin)
moccasin tops
cradles
winter robes
bedding
breechclouts
shirts
leggins
lance covers
belts
dresses
pipe bags
pouches
paint bags
pouches
dolls
coup flag covers
quivers
tipi covers
gun cases
(Hair)
headdresses
saddle pad filler
pillows
rope
ornaments
halters
medicine balls


(Tail)
medicine switch
fly brush
lodge exterior
decorations
whips


(Hoof & Feet)
glue
rattles
(Horns)
cups
fire carriers
powder horn
spoons
ladles
headdresses
signals
toys


(Meat)
(every part eaten)
pemmican (converted)
hump ribs-immediately
jerky (converted)


(Skin Of Hind Leg)
moccasins or boots
(Rawhide)
containers
clothing
headdress
food
medicine bags
shields
buckets
moccasin soles
rattles
drums
drumsticks
splints
cinches
ropes
belts
bullets pouches
saddles
horse masks
lance cases
armbands
quirts
bull boats
knife cases
stirrups
thongs
horse ornament
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