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The Nullification Crisis
Transcript of The Nullification Crisis
Learning Essential Question
Why would the Nullification Crisis be considered an example of
Supplemental Reading Material
The Nullification Crisis arose in the early 1830s when leaders of South Carolina advanced the idea that a state did not have to follow a federal law and could, in effect, "nullify" the law.The idea that "states' rights" superseded federal law was promoted by John C. Calhoun, one of the most experienced and powerful politicians in the country, and was, to some extent, a precursor to the secession crisis that would trigger the Civil War 30 years later.
How did they feel?
Calhoun and others from South Carolina were outraged by a tariff passed in 1828 which had raised taxes on imports. President Andrew Jackson and Calhoun had a great debate over this issue.
Why were Southerners upset about the tariffs?
One of the main arguments between the North and the South prior to the Civil War was the issue of these tariffs.
Tariffs were taxes imposed on foreign companies by a hosting country.
Foreign companies had to pay these taxes in order to be allowed to sell their products in the hosting countries.
In 1828 the United States federal government put tariffs on goods brought to this country from European countries (particularly Great Britain). As a result of these tariffs fewer imported goods were coming to the United States. It became less profitable for the European companies to sell their products in the United States since they could not compete with the cheaper products sold here.
The term refers to the social, economic and political divide that existed between the North and Southern sections of the United States. Two major issues connected to Sectionalism were
There were Social and Economic Conflicts over Slavery.
John C. Calhoun
President Jackson vs Senator Calhoun
Why did the North favored the tariffs?
Northern industrialists favored the tariffs because they were in competition with the companies.
It was for this reason that John Calhoun felt that it was justified for South Carolina (and every Southern State for that matter) to refuse to follow that federal law. He wanted his state not to enforce the tariffs. This potential act of nullification lead to a huge debate over States Rights vs the power of the Federal Government.
In the South the economy was based on agriculture. Southerners felt these tariffs were unfair because their economy relied on selling cash crops
to factories in Europe as well as Northern Industrial companies. Less European imports meant less profit for Southern plantations.
Analyze this political cartoon
1) What is the main idea of this reading material?
2) Why would a Northern factory owner most likely favor the tariffs on imported goods?
3) Why would a Southern plantation owner support nullification and oppose tariffs on imported goods?
4) What are you feelings regarding the issue of States Rights? Do you think States should have the right to nullify any federal law that they do not agree? Explain your response.
Produce a written response to the Nullification Crisis
(R.A.F.T) Role. Audience. Focus. Topic
Produce a writing piece (based on whatever genre you would like) Use that writing piece to create a news article in which you include images. In that news article you will argue a position for or against the southern attempt to nullify (disobey) the tariff law. You can write from the Southern point of view or the Northern point of view.
A Northern Factory Owner
A Northern Politician who believes in strong central Federal Government
A Southern Plantation Owner
A Southern politician who believes in State Rights and limiting the power of the Federal Government
The President of the United States
A group of plantation owners
American citizens from the North.
American citizens from the South.
FOCUSED WRITING (IT CAN BE IN ANY ORDER)
A Newspaper Editorial
STUDENT ORIGINAL CHOICE
YOU CAN BLEND ONE OR MORE THAN ONE WRITING GENRE INTO THIS ASSIGNMENT.