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AP: South Asia (India) Blitzkrieg

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by

Luke Bailey

on 9 May 2018

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Transcript of AP: South Asia (India) Blitzkrieg

1995
2000
2010
1990
2005
AP: South Asia (India) Blitzkrieg
Indus River Valley (3,000 BCE)
-Led by the city states of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa

-Aryans (2500-300s BCE)

-Hinduism and regional kingdoms develop
Caste System + Jatas
Mauryans (350BCE - 150 BCE)
-Chandragupta Maurya + Ashoka

-First time much on India unified

-Buddhism grows (Ashoka)

-Massive army + spy system

-Met the Greeks
Gupta ( 240 to 590 CE)
-Conquered by Chandragupta (the second)

-Sanskrit literature, mathematics (eclipses, solar year, zero)

-Ends with a series of assassinations/barbarians
Indian Political Instability c. 550 - 1050
-Not united, still trading with outside world

-Islam begins making inroads in northern India

-Decline in rights of women (no central government to protect them)
Delhi Sultanate - 1210 - 1526
Explains today’s Pakistan being Muslim

Turks protected India from Mongols

The Sultans based their laws on the Qur'an and the sharia and permitted non-Muslim subjects to practice their religion only if they paid jizya or head tax.

Great Mosques built, colleges founded, irrigation systems improve, taxation increased especially for non-Muslims

Ended by Timur (Tamerlane)
Mughal India Dynasty: 1526-1858
-From Afghanistan

-Great military built centralized Empire

-Great wealth led to great architectural legacy

-Akbar and Aurengzeb

-Conquered by British in 1800s

Hinduism
-Diverse, polytheistic religion

-Based on ancient texts (Vedas)

-Built upon local customs/rituals.

-Not really a unified "theology"
British Rule (1800s-1949)
-India colony of British East India Company/British empire

-British tolerated most Hindu practices

-"Looting" of India, much wealth taken away

-Get independence after WWII/Gandhi nonviolence movement
Independent India (1949-on)
-Great partition (Pakistan + Bangladesh muslims)

-Largest democracy in world

-Mostly stayed out of Cold War

-Today a developing country)
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