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Gymnastics

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by

Hayley Hilbert

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Gymnastics

By Taylor Paye and Hayley Hilbert Gymnastics Skills Aerial Gymnasts Events The gymnast turns over in the air without her hands or feet touching the apparatus. Giant The gymnast swings 360 degrees around the high bar with body fully extended. Back-in, Full-out A double somersault with a twist in the second somersault. Salto A somersault in the air without the use of hands. Whipback Back handspring without using hands. Yamishita A handspring vault with the body in a pike position before landing. Shusunova gymnast jumps to a straddle and leans foreword landing on floor in a plank position. History It is believed that gymnastics was created in ancient Greece. Someone jumped over a bull and other people wanted to do the same. Soon they added more events such as swinging from tree branches, walking on a tight-rope, and tumbling. Olga Korbut She was in the 1972 Olympics and she competed for the Soviet team. As a team they took gold. She took gold as an individual on the beam and floor, and silver on the uneven bars. She was the first person to ever do a back-flip on the beam. Nadia Comaneci She was a natural gymnast from the start. At eight years old she was the Romanian Junior Champion. At eleven, she was the best gymnast in the country. At thirteen, she was the best in all of Europe. At the age of fourteen she had made it into the 1976 Summer Olympics. She was the first person to do a dismount off the uneven bars with a half twist into a back somersault. The trick was named the 'salto Comaneci.' She was the first person to ever get a perfect 10 in the Olympics. Kurt Thomas He created the 'Thomas Flair' which is a skill on the pommel horse. The trick is done when the gymnast suddenly flies into a series of wide-swinging leg moves in which they kick their feet high into the air. Kurt made the 1976 United States Olympic team but couldn't compete due to an injury he got a few days before the Olympics. Kurt qualified for the 1980 Olympic team, but the U.S. was going to boycott the 1980 Olympics unless the Soviet Union withdrew its troops from Afghanistan by February 20th. Since this never happened, the 1980 Olympics were held without the U.S. Kurt was determined to win the gold medal at the 1992 Olympics, but he was 36 years old and got badly injured during Olympic trials. Mary Lou Retton She invented two skills. The 'Retton vault' is when the gymnast would launch herself into a layout somersault with a full twist, and then do a second twist. The 'Retton flip' is done on the uneven bars when the gymnast does a handstand on the high bar, then sweeps down and slams her stomach into the low bar, bounces off it, does a front somersault in the air and lands sitting on the high bar with her hand in the air. She had to get knee surgery six weeks before the 1984 Olympics. Two days after the surgery she was back in the gym, and her knee was completely healed by the opening ceremony. She won the gold medal for all around, bronze for uneven bars, silver for the vault, and the U.S. took silver. The Magnificent Seven The Fierce Five Amanda Borden The 1996 team was the first U.S. Women's Gymnastics team to ever win gold at the Olympics. Amy Chow Dominique Dawes Shannon Miller Dominique Moceanu Jaycie Phelps Kerri Strug She was elected the team's captain. She created the 'Borden' which is a trick on the balance beam. The gymnast does a straddle pike jump from the side position with a turn. She won silver on the bars. She invented two skills: The 'Chow/Khorkina' and the 'Chow II.' Known as 'Awesome Dawesome.' She was the first African American woman to ever win an Olympic gold in gymnastics. She won a bronze medal in floor exercise finals. She was the 1993 and 1994 All-Around World Champion, and 1996 Olympics beam gold medalist. She was the team's highest scorer. She was the youngest member of the team. She was diagnosed with a stress fracture in her right leg and had to sit out from Olympic trials. Her previous national scores and consistency earned her a spot on the 1996 team. While training for the Olympics she got a knee injury that required three surgeries, but she never stopped training. After nine months of training for the 2000 Olympics, she had another major knee injury that kept her from Olympic trials. By the final rotation of the 1996 Olympics, the Russians were ahead of the U.S. by 0.897 of a point. Kerri was the last from the U.S. team to compete on vault. She did her first vault but under-rotated and injured her ankle. The only possible way for the U.S. to win the gold was if Kerri did a second vault and stuck the landing. She did the vault and stuck landing and collapsed to the ground right after saluting the judge. Later, she found out that she had a third-degree lateral sprain and tendon damage on her ankle. Vault Floor Exercise Balance Beam Rings Uneven Bars Pommel Horse High Bar Parallel Bars A spring floor is used to provide bounce. It originated as 'free exercise' and it was only for men. It wasn't until 1948 when women were allowed to compete on floor. A floor routine is a mix of dance and tumbling. Women use music, but men go without. Vault is an event for both men and women. The vaulting table is placed at the end of the runway. A beat-board/springboard is place in front of the vault. The gymnast runs down the runway and uses the springboard to give them power and spring. The balance beam is only a women's event. It is a beam of wood covered in leather to help prevent slipping. The beam 16 inches long and 3.9 inches wide. The beam is raised four feet off the ground for competition. On the beam, the gymnast does a series of dance and tumbling, the whole time trying not to fall off. Before the 1970's, the most complex skill on the beam was a back-handspring. Olga Korbut and Nadia Comaneci were the first to introduce harder skills to the event. Rings is an event only for males since it requires extreme upper body strength. Two rings are placed at the end of two ropes hanging from a metal frame. The gymnast takes one ring in each hand and must control the movement of the rings. One of the most common skills on the rings is the Iron Cross. The gymnast's arms are fully extended to each side and the body is vertical. Uneven bars is a women's event. Two bars are placed at different heights allowing the gymnast to jump from bar to bar. Crash pads are placed under the bars to cushion the gymnast when she falls. In the routine the gymnast may flip around the bars and she may add release moves where she lets go of the bar, swings freely in the air and catches it again. It is an event for male gymnasts. In the routine they may do single leg or double leg work. It is considered one of the more difficult of the men's events because the men must keep up at a high speed without losing control of the body. High bar is an event for men. There is a single, horizontal bar set 278 centimeters off the ground. The routine consists of giant swings, release moves, in-bar work, and a dismount. Parallel bars is an event only for males. Two bars are set parallel from each other and placed high off the ground. The distance between the bars is determined by the gymnast. The routines consist of swinging skills in support position on the hands and many hold skills. The End Please give feedback and tell us if you were not impressed.
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