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Music Therapy & Speech and Language Impairments

Assignmment 4 - Principles & Practices of MT 2

Tyler Dippold

on 15 May 2013

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Transcript of Music Therapy & Speech and Language Impairments

Speech & Language Impairments Speech Disorders:
Articulation Disorders
Fluency Disorders
Voice Disorders General Approaches Literature Effects of music therapy in the treatment of children with delayed speech development – results of a pilot study (2010)
The effects of modified melodic intonation therapy on non-fluent aphasia: a pilot study (2012)
Effective music therapy techniques in the treatment of nonfluent aphasia (2012)
The role of music therapy in an interdisciplinary approach to address functional communication in complex neuro-communication disorders: a case report (2006) Neurologic Music Therapy Resources Music Therapy &
Speech and Language Impairments
By Nicole Carlson, Tyler Dippold, Maprang Fakto, Jacob Head, Craig Lambert, & Ashley Miller
Additions Speech-Sound Errors 1,143,195 children aged 6-21 receive services for speech or language impairments under IDEA
This represents 2.5% of the school-age population and 19% of the overall students receiving services
Half of the children who receive special education services due to another disability also have a communication disorder Prevalence Case history and physical exam
Articulation test
Hearing test
Auditory discrimination test
Phonological awareness and processing
Vocabulary/Overall language development test
Language Samples
Observation in natural setting Diagnosis Evaluations Before Diagnosis: Characteristics of Speech-Sound Errors
Improve expressive language
Improve receptive language
Increase vocabulary Language Based Goals Other Goals that may be on a Student’s IEP History Dr. Michael Thaut & colleagues at Center for Biomedical Research in Music (CBRM) at Colorado State University

Thaut’s definition:
Neuroscience-guided rehabilitation, learning and training models, cortical plasticity models, and neurological facilitation models
Thaut’s five-step model = Transformational Design Model (TDM)
Musical responses translate to cognitive, affective & sensorimotor therapeutic responses NMT Musical Techniques Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT)
Musical Speech Stimulation (MUSTIM)
Rhythmic Speech Cueing (RSC)
Vocal Intonation Therapy (VIT) Beliefs/Values About Music Core concepts/principles Podcasts SLP praxis exam
Answers in Medicine – Dysphasia
ASHA Podcast series
Google Reader
Therapy app 411: S-LP
If I only had superpowers
Chapel Hill Snippets Blogs Service Delivery Models An individualized case study

Findings: “The current findings are preliminary”
As speech and language pathologists and music therapists continue to explore the possibilities of collaboration with children with communication delay, the definition of the models can be explained. Compares 5 different studies
Compares several different types of studies Used for quarterly assessment of ASD The S.C.E.R.T.S. Model Apps Types of Impairments: Integrating Music Therapy Services and Speech-Language Therapy Services for Children with Severe Communication Impairments: A Co-Treatment Model Evidence Based Systematic Review: Effects of different Service Delivery Models on Communication Outcomes for Elementary School-Aged Children "20 Best Speech Therapy Blogs | OEDb." OEDb's Best Online Colleges of 2013: Top Online Colleges By Subject | OEDb. http://oedb.org/library/beginning-online-learning/20-best-speech-therapy-blogs (accessed February 28, 2013).
AnswersIn Medicine Ltd.. "AnswersIn Medicine: Dysphasia." Itunes preview. https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/answersin-medicine-dysphagia/id297575152 (accessed March 1, 2013).
Cirrin, Frank, Tracy Schooling, Nickola Nelson, Sylvia Diehl, Perry Flynn, Maureen Staskowski, Zoann Torrey, and Deborah Adamczyk. "Evidence-Based Systematic Review: Effects of Different Service Delivery Models on Communication Outcomes for Elementary School-Age Children." Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 41, no. 3 (2010): 233-264.
Darrow, Alice. Introduction to approaches in music therapy. Silver Spring, Md.: American Music Therapy Association, 2004.
Geist, Kamille, John McArthy, Amy Rogers-Smith, and Jessica Porter. "Integrating Music Therapy Services and Speech-Language Therapy Services for Children with Severe Communication Impairments: A Co-Treatment Model.." Journal of Instructional Psycology 35, no. 4 (2008): 311-316.
Heward, William L.. Exceptional children: an introduction to special education. 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1996.
Hutchinson. (Producer) (2011). SLP Speech Language Pathology Praxis Exam. SLPexam. [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/slp-speech-language-pathology/id215181733
Kay, Heidi. "The Best Speech-Language Pathologist Blogs from €˜A to Z€™ | ASHAsphere." ASHAsphere | The blog of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. http://blog.asha.org/2012/03/15/the-best-speech-language-pathologist-blogs-from-a-to-z/ (accessed February 28, 2013).
Magee, Wendy, Brumfitt, Shelagh, Freeman, Margaret, Davidson, and Jane. "The role of music therapy in an interdisciplinary approach to address functional communication in complex neuro-communication disorders: A case report." Disability and Rehabilitation 28, no. 19 (2006): 1221-1229.
Martikainen, Anna-Leena, and Pirjo Korpilahti. "Intervention for childhood apraxia of speech: A single-case study.." Child Language Teaching and Therapy 27, no. 1 (2011): 9-20.
Mason (Performer) (2011, November 21). The Best Hearing Help Available. ASHA Podcast Series. [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://podcast.asha.org/
Walworth, Darcy, Deana Register, and Engel Judy Nguyen. "Using the SCERTS Model Assessment Tool to Identify Music Therapy Goals for Clients with Autism Spectrum Disorder." Journal of Music Therapy 46, no. 3 (2009): N/A.
Wilson, Brian L.. Models of music therapy interventions in school settings: from institution to inclusion. Silver Spring, MD: National Association for Music Therapy, 1996. Works Cited See also:

Walworth, Register, & Nguyen. (2009). Using the SCERTS model assessment tool to identify music therapy goals for clients with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Music Therapy, 46(3) “the therapeutic application of music to cognitive, sensory and motor dysfunctions due to neurologic disease of the human nervous system.” Improve rhythm of speech
Improve clarity of speech
Improve volume of speech
Increase tone of speech Speech Based Goals Behavioral Approach Articulation Therapy
Core Vocabulary Training
Functional Analysis
Prompting Integrate non-verbal formats for giving directions or sharing information
Differentiate between speaking slowly and speaking clearly
Use repetition
Encourage Spontaneous language opportunities
Know if the student uses an augmentative communication device
Allow for extra processing time Guidelines Neurologic Music Therapists are trained in neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, brain pathology, medical terminology, and rehabilitation of cognitive and motor functions Language Disorders:
Receptive language disorder
Expressive language disorder Overview: 1.General Characteristics & Statistics
2. Familiar & General Approaches
3. Neurological M.T.
4. M.T. Literature
5. Resources

Yellow Text = Key Words & Phrases Geist, K., McArthy, J., Rogers-Smith, A., & Porter, J. (2008) Journal of Instructional Psycology, 35(4), 311-316 Cirrin, Schooling, Nelson, Diehl, Flynn, Staskowski, et al. (2010) Lang. Speech Hear. Serv. Sch. 41(3), 233-264 Adamek, M., and Darrow, A. (2010)
Bowen, C. (2011)
Bowen, C. (2011, November 23)
Speech and language disorders. (2000) Darrow, Speech and language disorders. (2000). Heward, W. L. (2009). "20 Best Speech Therapy Blogs | OEDb."
Kay, Heidi. "The Best Speech-Language Pathologist Blogs from A to Z Hutchinson, 2011
AnswersIn Medicine, 2013
Mason 2011 1,143,195 children Half of the children who receive special education services due to another disability also have a communication disorder Articulation Therapy
Core Vocabulary Training Transformational Design Model (TDM) Google Reader ASHA Podcast series
Improve social skills
Improve academic skills
Improve cognitive skills Diagnoses: Aphasia
Fluency Disorders
Voice Disorders
ASD Walworth SC – Social communication
Joint Attention
Symbol Use
ER – Emotional Regulation
TS- Transactional Support
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