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Fundamentals of Music: Interval Inversions

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by

Douglas Brown

on 9 April 2013

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Transcript of Fundamentals of Music: Interval Inversions

Chapter 8 Review: Interval Inversions A quick review on measuring the interval between two notes: Identify the pitch of the lower note. A 1 2 3 4 Count the number of lines and spaces, including both notes. A Determine if the higher note is in the major key of the lower note. 6th A Major: A
B
C#
D#
E 6 5 6th F# G#
A , then the pitch is perfect major or . If yes , then check the number of half steps away that the original pitch is from the pitch in the key. If no P M m A A d d one
half
step one
half
step one
half
step one
half
step one
half
step two
half
steps no F# F one
half
step Determine if the higher note is in the major key of the lower note. m6 A F The interval between these two notes is a minor sixth. A F Interval Inversion We can invert this interval, either by moving the lower note up one octave or moving the higher note down one octave. Either way, the the new interval has F on the bottom and A on the top. Stop! Don't bother using that way to figure out the new interval! To determine the value of an inverted interval,

1) invert the quality, and
2) take the original number and subtract it from 9 The Inversion of Interval Quality P M m A d P M m A d In other words,

major and minor inverts with each other,
augmented and diminished inverts with each other,

...and perfect is, well, perfect. It inverts with itself. P M A P m d The Inversion of Interval Quality m6 M3 inverts to 9 - = 6 m M 3 Here's a look at all the possibilities. You don't need a copy of this, because it is so easy to do in your head. P1 M2 M3 P4 P5 M6 M7 P8 P8 m7 m6 P5 P4 m3 m2 P1 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 d8 d7 d6 d5 d4 d3 d2 This space is blank because there is no such thing as a d1. Think about it. There. You should be able to invert intervals now 'til the cows come home. <END OF PRESENTATION> By going to fullscreen mode, you will be able to see details more clearly.
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