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Research methods for beginners

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Adrianne Schinkai

on 25 November 2014

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Transcript of Research methods for beginners

What will this lesson cover?
primary vs secondary sources
qualitative vs quantitative research
different forms of research design
What is research?
Research can be defined as the diligent and systematic inquiry or investigation into a subject in order to discover or revise facts, theories, applications, etc.
Research methods for beginners
LIS 7880: Instructional Methods for Librarians - Group 1
Presentation by
Emily DeJaegher
Lauren Ziolkowski
Jeff Lelek
Rachell Weeks
Adrianne Schinkai
Eula Marshall
Goals and objectives
Goal 1: Teach different methods and strategies when conducting primary research.
Goal 2: Provide a basic level of knowledge for students who are interested in conducting their own research as they advance academically and/or professionally.
Objective 1: Students will be able to recognize research methods within scholarly resources.
Objective 2: Students will recall information learned from this tutorial by utilizing active learning exercises and different teaching methods.

Dictionary.com LLC. (2014, November 17).
Retrieved from Dictionary.com: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/research?s=t
primary vs secondary sources
Primary Source: a primary source is an original study, document, object, or eyewitness account. In other words, this is the source where any given information first appeared. For instance, if a scientific study is performed, the primary source is the initial report that is prepared by the scientist(s) who performed the research.
Secondary Source: a secondary source is a document that is written about the primary source. These are often documents that report, analyze, discuss, or interpret primary sources.
Aims Community College. (2014, November 18). Primary vs. Secondary Research. Retrieved from Online Writing Lab: http://www.aims.edu/student/online-writing-lab/sources/primary-vs-secondary
primary vs secondary example
- Primary Source -
The Diary of a Young Girl
by Anne Frank
- Secondary Source -
a student's book report on
The Diary of a Young Girl
qualitative research
The major instrument for data collection and analysis is the qualitative researcher. Research "in the field," conducting interviews, observing and recording behavior. Data is narrative (words), focused on the individual, human level. Rich detail and description are important. Research is concerned with process more so than outcomes and results and frequently subjective; the researcher immerses him/herself. Research design is flexible and evolving.
Saint Mary's University of Minnesota. (2014, November 18).
Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research.
Retrieved from Saint Mary's University of Minnesota: http://www2.smumn.edu/deptpages/tclibrary/tutorials/finding/qualitative.php
quantitative research
Questionnaires, inventories, and computers are used as data collection methods. Data is numerical, statistical. Large sample sizes are used to produce generalizations for a population. Research begins with a hypothesis - the goal being to explain specific phenomena with numbers and objective data. Objective; the researcher observes but does not actively participate. Research design is structured and well-tested.
Saint Mary's University of Minnesota. (2014, November 18).
Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research.
Retrieved from Saint Mary's University of Minnesota: http://www2.smumn.edu/deptpages/tclibrary/tutorials/finding/qualitative.php
Qualitative vs quantitative example
Oswego City School District Regents Exam Prep Center. (2014, November 18). Qualitative vs. Quantitative Data. Retrieved from Algebra: Lesson Page: http://www.regentsprep.org/regents/math/algebra/AD1/qualquant.thm
Qual = words
quant = numbers
Different classifications
Quantitative approaches to research
qualitative approaches to research
Plagiarism: In an instructional setting, plagiarism occurs when a writer deliberately uses someone else's language, ideas, or other original (not common-knowledge) material without acknowledging its sources. This definition applies to texts published in print or on-line, to manuscripts, and to the work of other student writers.
The council of Writing Program Administrators. (2014, November 18).
Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism: The WPA Statement on Best Practices.
Retrieved from Council of Writing Program Administrators: http://wpacouncil.org/positions/WPAplagiarism.pdf
additional resources
Aims Community College. (2014, October 28).
Primary vs. Secondary Research.
Retrieved from Aims Community College: http://www.aims.edu/student/online-writing-lab/sources/primary-vs-secondary
McLeod, S. (2007).
Psychology Research Methods.
Retrieved from Simply Psychology: http://www.simplypsychology.org/research-methods.html
Moskovitz, C. (Winter 2011). Introducing Students to College Writing: Moving beyond Humanities-Centered Practices.
, 211-218. Retrieved from Project Muse.
Neville, C. (2007).
Effective Learning Service: Foundations for Good Research.
Bradford University School of Management.
University of Southern California. (2014, October 27).
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper.
Retrieved from USC Libraries: http://libguides.usc.edu/content.php?pid=83009&sid=818072
American Psychological Association. (2010).
New Edition: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition.
Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Modern Language Association. (2009).
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th Edition.
New York City: Modern Language Association.
Rozakis, L. E. (2004).
The Complete Idiot's Guide to Research Methods .
New York City: Alpha.
The OWL at Purdue. (2014, October 30).
Research and Citation Resources.
Retrieved from OWL Purdue University Online Writing Lab: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/
University of Chicago Press Staff. (2010).
The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
To Review
What is research?
Primary vs. Secondary Sources
Quantitative vs. Qualitative
Bibliography & Works Cited
Additional Bibliography
& Works Cited
Full transcript