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Traveling The Silk Road

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by

Rhea Jain

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Traveling The Silk Road

Traveling The Silk Road:
From Hami to Turpan

Political Structure
~Hami was a political center in Eastern Turkestan.

~Heavy military was employed in Hami because of its geographic and strategic importance.

~The government in Hami was very focused on strong military because of its unavoidable pass on the Silk Road if one traveled west.

~Hami was ruled by kings and their queens. These rulers were Hui Muslim; their history is preserved in Islamic style mausoleums built to house their bodies'.
International Trade
~ Hami attracted the trade of countries from all over Asia because of it's fruit (melons), paper, beautiful porcelain pottery, and silk.

~Hami traded for silver from countries like Japan and Spain

~Hami merchants traveled along the Silk Road and traded for grapes in other Chinese areas like Turpan, and for horses from Central Asia.

~Merchants also traded for cane-sugar, sandalwood, and aromatic spices from India

~Hami traded for olive oil and fine wines from the Middle East.
Society
Religion
About Hami
About Turpan
The distance from Hami to Turpan is 415 kilometers.
The society of Hami was focused on trade and agriculture.
-Hami was an oasis where travelers arrived and enjoyed the water and fruits produced here, but the temperatures were still extremely hot.
-When traveling the Silk Road, camels were used in abundance.
-The Tang dynasty was open to foreign ideas of the time, bringing in new fashions in furniture, clothing, sports and music.
-The architecture in this time period became known as Greco-Buddhist or Gandharan.
Agriculture/Husbandry
~Agriculture depended on a sophisticated irrigation system known as the Karez System.
~The Karez System consists of wells, underground channels, ground canals, and small reservoirs with the irrigation water coming from the surrounding mountain ranges.
~Specialty agricultural products include the soft and seedless melon (not called hami melon until 900 years later) and wine.
By:
Celia Zhou #30,
Rhea Jain #10,
Shefali Gandhi #7,
and Isabelle Williams #27
~Called Yi Zhou during Tang period (618-907)
~Also known as Kumul/Qomul
~Hami was located past the neck of the Gobi desert. To get there, traders would follow the Tian Shan Mountain range and go around the northern fringes of the Taklamakan desert
~Oasis
~Specializes in growth of Hamigua, a melon variety famous throughout Asia

Crafts/Trade
-Hami was known for its unique silk fragment designs made during the Tang dynasty
-The city was operated by metallurgical processes which produced products such as coal, gold, iron ore, and crude oil
-Materials such as ink and various minerals were used to create murals depicting different religious images
~Also known as Turfan
~Also an oasis
~Famous for elaborate Buddhist caves
~Known as the grape valley because of the many grapes produced in the Turpan Depression

The Northern oases of Hami and Turpan were among the first places in China where Buddhism grew.
-Buddhism entered China through Xinjiang.
-Many other religions came to Hami, like Mancheism and Nestorian Christianity, through the Silk Road but people abandoned these faiths for Buddhism.
-Buddhism’s message attracted many people who lived a life of suffering.
-The Thousand-Buddha Caves, located between Turpan and Hami, were 57 grottoes known for their murals.
-Built between 420 and 581.
-Xuan Zang was a Buddhist traveler who stopped in both Hami and Turpan.
-Many of the murals from these caves were housed in the Museum Für Indische Kunst in Germany, but were destroyed during World War 2.
Literary Connections
Confucianism was popular in China during this time. Many travelers of the Silk Road from all parts of China looked to
The Analects
, a collection of sayings and ideas attributed to Confucius, for day-to-day advice.
Full transcript