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Social Divisions in The Crucible
Transcript of Social Divisions in The Crucible
"GILES: ... If Jacobs hangs for a witch he forfeit up his property... and there is none but Putman with the coin to buy so great a piece"(89).
Powerful and Powerless
Male and Female
Men in Salem hold authoritative postitions such as reverend, judge, and even head of the household while women hold submissive positions like servants and housewives. Men are generally regarded as socially, economically and politically superior to women.
Insiders and Outsiders
The established structure of Salem and its Puritan society can be broken down into social divisions.
Social Divisions in The Crucible
Presented by Jenna Buchanan and William Hammer
Educated and Illiterate
GILES: Beginning to weep. Your Excellency, I only said she were readin' bookd, sir, and they come and take her out of my house for-
DANFORTH, mystified: Books! What books?
Old and Young
Religious Conservatives and Religious Liberals
PROCTOR: Can you speak one minute without we land in Hell again? I am sick of Hell!
PARRIS: It is not for you to say what is good for you to hear!
PROCTOR: I may speak my heart, I think! [...]
now he's out with it
: There is a party in this church. I am not blind; there is a faction and a party.
PROCTOR: Against you?
PUTNAM: Against him and all authority!
PROCTOR: Why, then I must find it and join it.
There is shock among the others.
REBECCA: He does not mean that.
PUTNAM: He confessed it now!
PROCTOR: I mean it solemnly, Rebecca; I like not the smell of this "authority."
(Miller, 275-277; 278-279)
Miller's Larger Message, and the McCarthy Trials
Social Struggles in Other Times
"HALE: There is a prodigious fear of this court in the country-
DANFORTH- Then there is a prodigious guilt in the country. Are you afraid to be questioned here?"(91).
pointing at Proctor
: You're the Devil's man!"(110).
"MARTHA COREY'S VOICE: I am innocent to a witch. I know not what a witch is.
HAWTHORNE'S VOICE: How do you know, then, that you are not a witch?"(77).
Middle-eastern citizens post 9-11
Jewish people during World War II
French Citizens during the French Revolution
"Army-McCarthy Hearings." Army-McCarthy Hearings. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2015. http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1769.html
"How to Spot a Communist." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2015.
Lorcher, Trent. "Symbolism in The Crucible & Similarities to McCarthyism." Brighthubeducation. N.p., 25 Mar. 15. Web. 30 Nov. 2015. http://www.brighthubeducation.com/homework-help-literature/52748-mccarthyism-and-the-crucible/
Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York: Penguin Classics, 2003. Print.
Salem Witch Trials:
-accused of being witches
-forever damaged reputations
-"witches" were scapegoats for all problems
The McCarthy Hearings:
-accused of being communists
-"communists" were scapegoats for society's problems
-They both struck fear into the public due to the "guilty until you confess" attitude seen in courts
Miller's Larger Message
Themes in the Crucible reflect those seen in the real life McCarthy trials, they bring into the light: the potential for corruption of those in power, the lengths a person shall go to in order to uphold a reputation, and the consequences of outrageous lies.
HALE: Excellency, he claims hard evidence for his wife's defense. I think that in all justice you must-
DANFORTH: Then let him submit his evidence in proper affidavit. You are certainly aware of our procedure here, Mr. Hale.
Abigail Williams was the catalyst for change in society. She and the other young girls capitalized their opportunity to execute a power over the public thus overturning the traditional ways, while characters, unlike the young, unmarried women, already holding a form of authority, like a reverend or even a judge, would wish to strengthen and uphold the traditional/existing social order