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Texas History Buffalo Soldiers

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Richard Kern

on 9 March 2017

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Transcript of Texas History Buffalo Soldiers

Buffalo Soldiers
Protected stage & mail routes
Built & Maintained Forts
Lower Rates of alcoholism & desertion
Seen as one of the most effective fighting forces in the Army
Some Southerners felt the assignment of the Buffalo Soldiers was to humiliate them.
Formation of the 9th and 10th Cavalry Units
9th Calvary ordered to Texas 1867 & New Mexico in 1875
10th Cavalry in Kansas & Oklahoma prevented Indians from Entering Texas
Enlisted for 5 years & receive pay, room, board, & uniform
Hard to recruit white officers
Reasons for joining:
social & economic improvement
Daily life on the frontier
Few families were able to go with the soldiers
Worked 7 days per week except July 4 and Christmas
Some learned to read at schools in off-hours
Paid $13.00 per month
Disease was common
Established law & order on frontier.
Red River War

The Buffalo Soldiers of the US 10th Cavalry came from Ft. Sill to help quell the uprising.
There were over twenty skirmishes and battles during the war.
The Red River War officially ended in June 1875 when Quanah Parker and his band of Quahadi Comanche entered Fort Sill and surrendered
Buffalo Soldier National Museum
Virtual Tour
In this clip you see the black troopers, white officers, weapons and tactics that these cavalry troops used against their Native American foes.
Full transcript