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Welcome to Ancient China

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by

L. Moolji

on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of Welcome to Ancient China

Chinese Dragons
The Silk Road
The Great Wall
The Great wall is the only man made object that can be seen from the moon. It's that big.
Parts were built during the Qin, Ming and Han Dynasties
Dragon Lore
Dragons in ancient China were a composite of parts from differnt animals

They were the sign of emperors

Dragons and dragon lore was in integral part of ancient Chinese History.
Welcome to Ancient China
Land Surface
The land surface ascends like a three-step staircase.

 The plains and lowlands in the east and southeast constitute the first step, occupying about 12 percent of the land.

Two-thirds of the country, the two higher steps, are mostly mountains and high plateaus.

Natural Barriers
Dangerous Deserts

Numerous Mountains

Vast Seas

Two Major River Systems
(The Great Sorrow)
Territory
The territory of modern China is characterized by dramatic geographical diversity.

Topographically, it is low in the east and high in the west.

Geography of Ancient China

Dangerous Deserts
Deserts and Mountains

The Gobi Desert

The Taklamakan Desert
The Gobi Desert is one of the driest
deserts in the world

An Oasis is very rare.

Compared to the Taklamakan - The Gobi is a paradise.

Called the
Sea of Death
Second largest desert in the world
Poisonous Snakes, boiling days freezing nights
Intense water shortages

Himalayas: One of the mountain ranges in China. They are home to the ten highest mountain peaks in the world.
Mount
Everest
The highest
mountain in
the world.
Located in Tibet, not China, but is on the border of the two.
Vast Seas
China Sea
The China Sea consists of two parts, the South China Sea (Chinese: Nan Hai) and the East China Sea (Chinese: Dong Hai), which connect through the shallow Taiwan Strait between Taiwan and mainland China.
Yellow Sea
The Yellow Sea is the name given to the northern part of the East China Sea.
It is located between mainland China and the Korean Peninsula.
Its name comes from the sand particles from Gobi Desert sand storms that turn the surface of the water golden yellow.
In the modern era, the Sea has been plagued with severe blooms of algae as a result of pollution
The China Sea and the Yellow Sea are extensions of the Pacific Ocean

China has many natural barriers
These kept China isolated for many years
Some of these barriers were:
Numerous Mountains
Two major river systems: The Great Sorrow
The Huang He ( Yellow River)
3000 Miles Long
Ends at the Yellow Sea
Civilization began here because the sil is fertile
Yangtze (Long River) Also ends at Yellow Sea
Flows through some of China's best farmland

SHANG
ZHOU
Han
QIN
XIA
10,000 BCE
The Shang Dynasty
The first dynasty that we have clear evidence of its existence.
Established by 1500s BC
Shang ruled in northern China
The King was the center of Shang Political and Religious life
Nobles Served the King and helped him rule
Social order became more organized under the Shang
Many Advances: China's first writing system
Bronze Age - artisans made things made of bronze
Developed a calendar based on the cycles of the Moon


Zhou Dynasty
The Zhou (Joh/Chou) overthrew the Shang
The Zhou dynasty expanded China but then declined
Zhou emperors claimed to possess the
mandate of heaven
- no one ruled without heaven's permission
Established a new political order - leaders granted others land in return for loyalty, military support and other services
Peasants were at the bottom of the order
Zhou system brought order to China
System eventually broke down - loyalty to the king lessened as generations passed - families became rivals


The Qin Dynasty
The Qin Dynasty was the dynasty that redefined China.
The emperor of this era wanted to conquer the warring states that the Chou dynasty created.
The first emperor was Shih Huang Ti
Standardized weights and measures
Best known accomplishment was the Great Wall
Only legalism was allowed as a philosophy.
In 213 BCE, all the books of the opposing schools of thought were burned except for the copies held in the Qin imperial library
When the emperor died a rebellion against the Qin dynasty occurred
Han Dynasty
The government of the Han Dynasty was based on the ideas of Confucius.
Family life was supported and strengthened during Han times
The Han made many achievements in art, literature and learning.
Liu Bang was the first emperor of the Han Dynasty
He freed people from harsh government policies, lowered taxes, made punishments less severe, gave blocks of land to his supporters, and used educated officials to help him rule
Wealthy merchants were the lowest class because they did not produce anything, they only bought and sold goods
Emperor Wudi created a strong central government by raising taxes, taking lands from lords and controlled the grain supply
The Xia Dynasty
China's First Dynasties
Who's Who in ancient China
Societies along the Huang He grew and eventually formed the first Civilization
Around 2200 BC, Yu the Great founded the Xia (Shah) Dynasty
He is famous for his battle against the floods on the Yellow River.
We still know very little about this dynasty as there is no written evidence from the period.
Religion
the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, esp. a personal God or gods: ideas about the relationship between science and religion.
• a particular system of faith and worship: the world's great religions.
• a pursuit or interest to which someone ascribes supreme importance: consumerism is the new religion.
Belief
an acceptance that a statement is true or that something exists

an acceptance that a statement is true or that something exists
Philosophy
the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, esp. when considered as an academic discipline
Definitions
Confucianism, Taoism, Legalism
Confucianism
Confucius was born around 550 BCE
Confucius taught that order would return to China if society was organized around five relationships.
Taoism
Tao means the way to happiness.
If you look at life and think about things the right way, you will be happier
The followers of Daoism taught that people could find
virtue by living in harmony with nature.
Legalism
Doctrine has no recognized founder
Legalists believed that the government must control people through strict laws.
The interest of the ruling class is much more important than the interest of the common people.
Philosophies
This is the Taoist sign for harmony - yin -yang
What goes together naturally - wet/dry, man,woman
Yin Yang are not opposites, they are harmony
It is not antagonistic, it is complementary
some things go together some things do not
Can you think of some things that go together naturally?
The Silk Road was a 4000 mile network of routes that stretched westward from China across Asia's deserts and mountains through the Middle East until it reached the Mediterranean Sea.
Han conquests put the Chinese in contact with people who wanted to trade for Chinese goods
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