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Olivia Dickson

on 28 May 2014

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Transcript of Mesopotamia

By:Olivia Dickson

The Gods
The gods were very important to Mesopotamians they respect and worship their gods. All the gods had a purpose. The gods were, Aspu and Tiamat  creators of everything and former rulers of the gods ,Ea the god of rivers ,Anshar father of Ee ,Marduk ruler of gods  ,Enlil god of air, Anu father of Enlil, Ennugi god of canals, Adad god of storms, Ishtar goddess of love, Ereshkigal goddess of the  dead, Nergal god of diseases,  Erra god of war and the commander of the sebitti (the seven gods of war who marched at his side in battle), Shamish god of the sun and justice, and Sin the god of the moon,.

The Mesopotamian gods
Many farmers were at the bottom of the social line. They  produced food crops and other meats. Some farmers started to herd animals including sheep (also used for wool),goats, boars, and cattle (they would milk cows to produce milk , butter and cheese) some farmers also raised livestock . Farmers also  grow plants like wheat and barley to make flower, ridge, and beer, for crops they also grew onions, garlic, leeks, peas, lentils, lettuce, and cucumbers, some fruits accustomed to Mesopotamians include dates, apple trees, and pomegranate trees. Farmers raised oxen to pull wagons and plows. Special cows were separated for their hides so they could be tanned for leather.

The fields of Mesopotamia

Trading and Bartering
Many people believe that Mesopotamia could not have survived if they didn’t trade with other colonies. Mesopotamians had no timber, stone, or metal, so  they traded with foreign traders so that they could receive those items to build up their kingdoms ,houses, temples, sanctuaries, and other things. They imported the goods by land and water depending on how fast they need it, how much they need it and where they were delivering it. Sometimes the merchants would keep clay tablets to know when and where the materials needed to go. When they were crossing by water they would cross the Red Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Persian Gulf,. Caravans would travel hundreds of miles to reach trade routes. a popular trading item is grain and cloth in return the merchant-traders brought home lead, silver, gold, pine, cedar, cypress, pearls, semi-precious stones, spices, and perfumes. Most of the time on land they would use strong and sturdy donkeys and over the seas they used large cargo ships.

The Mesopotamian's were a very important community but the ancient civilizations  could not have survived very long without someone to rule. The Mesopotamian's did things differently they did not do democracy they chose a king and you had to be born into the royal bloodline. All the kings have done something important in their lifetime. Mesopotamia was basically divided into three to four countries or cities and often fought about land the general or person that lead the group to conquer other cities were called a lugal meaning big man. one of the kings (king Sargon) sent his vast army of warriors on a  quest to find riches. He also ordered his army to conquer one of the other cities. King Sargon founded one of the worlds first  empire. Eventually the kings empire to the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf.
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