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Reforming American Society
Transcript of Reforming American Society
In the 1830s the school system was starting to improve greatly because the government decided to focus on education
In 1821 Boston opened up the first public high school
A Spirit of Revival
By Andrew Kim, Kaden Sadis, Gabi Hofer, Irene Apreza, Elijah James, and Tivona White
This section is about individuals called on Americans to reform, or improve, themselves and their society.
In the 1800's, heavy drinking was very common.
Men spent their wages on alcohol, which left families poor.
-People, especially women started the temperance movement; a campaign to stop the drinking of alcohol.
-By 1838, a million had signed.
-By 1851, Maine had banned the sale of liquor and by 1855, so did 13 other states.
-These laws were later repealed.
Second Great Awakening
Renewal of religious faith in the 1790s and early 1800s
Revival meetings- emotionally charged events in which religious leaders hoped to attract followers. Lots of converts happened at this time.
Americans sense of optimism and equality cause a new interpretation of Christianity.
Factory workers strike in 1837
Women mill workers' strike
Factory workers labored about 12-14 hours a day
Factory owners cut workers' pay and forced them to work faster so they could increase profits
Young women were active and fought for their rights
Organizing for Better Conditions
Labor union: group of workers who band together to seek better working conditions
Shakers at a dance.
Young women mill workers in the Lowell started a labor union
The Panic of 1837 brought hard times economically
Jobs were scarce and workers were afraid to cause trouble
Then, the young labor movement fell apart.
Churches and other groups founded many private colleges, many were located in the states in the Northwest Territory
Strike: to stop work to demand better working conditions
People wanted to build ideal societies, or utopias.
Shakers wanted to live in a society that had a faith centered community, not to marry or have kids, and shared all goods.
Two other well known "experiments" occurred for 2 years, then failed after few years from money problems.
Care for the Needy
Dorothea Dix was a reformer from Boston who lectured in the U.S. and Europe to promote better care
Thomas Gallaudet started a school for the deaf and Samuel Howe started a school for the blind
Reformers demanded that children go to special jails
Oberlin was the first college to accept women
African Americans were accepted to very few colleges and Alexander Twilight was the first to graduate
Enslaved persons who tried to learn to read were brutally punished
Creating Ideal Societies