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Learning fragments and Sentences

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Samantha Musumeci

on 1 April 2013

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Transcript of Learning fragments and Sentences

FRAGMENTS Learning Fragments FRAGMENTS: It is not a sentence because it is missing a subject, verb and/or complete thought

when you capitalize and punctuate a phrase, or a dependent clause this creates a fragment FRAGMENTS A group of words that has been
capitalized and punctuated as if it
were a sentence but it
is not a sentence! What is a
FRAGMENT: Add whatever is missing

Phrase as a fragment: a group of seven boys
Corrected: A group of seven boys ran the mile

Dependent Clause as a frag: Before I do my homework
Corrected: I need to find a pencil before I do my homework Decide which of the following groups of words are sentence fragments (F) or sentences (S). Revise each fragment 1. _____ Although we missed the Watermelon Festival last year.

2. _____We all arrived early this year. 3. _____It was going to be a busy day.

4. _____Choose the events.

5. _____When my little brother won the watermelon-seed-spitting contest. DIFFERENT TYPES OF SENTENCES SIMPLE SENTENCES contains one independent clause, and zero dependent clauses

Example: Kelly read the poem aloud.

may also have a compound subject, compound verb or both

Example: Kelly and Tina picked a poem and read it aloud. COMPOUND SENTENCE contains two or more independent clauses and zero dependent clauses

Your two clauses MUST be related in order for you to combine them into one compound sentence You can use independent clauses in two ways use a semicolon

It is nice outside+ The sun is shining
=It is nice outside; the sun is shining

** Note that you do NOT need to capitalize the word after the semicolon use a comma and a conjunction
Choices for conjunctions are: and, nor, but, yet, for, so, or

Mary wanted a dog. + She bought a Pug
=Mary wanted a dog, so she bought a pug

**Make sure to use the correct conjunction! Just because a sentence contains a comma and a
conjunction does NOT mean it is automatically
a compound sentence Example: I need bread, milk, and eggs. This is NOT a compound

You need to take the time to determine if there are one or two independent clauses in the sentence. Combine each pair of simple sentences into a good compound sentence. 1.My coat is new. Jane's coat is newer than mine.

2.The wind howled outside. A heavy snow was falling. 3.Was that a knock at the door? Was it just the wind?

4.Last summer we visited Canada. Our neighbors went to Europe.

5. I like chicken fingers. My dog has fleas. COMPLEX SENTENCES COMPLEX SENTENCES: contain one independent clause and
at least one dependent clause Example: because I had a test + I studied hard

= Because I had a test, I studied hard
= I studied hard because I had a test

Example: because I had a test + before I left for school + I studied hard
=Because I had a test, I studied hard before I left for school
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