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Ch. 11 Revolutionary War
Transcript of Ch. 11 Revolutionary War
Section 1: The Fighting Begins
Colonists began to worry that the
King of England was becoming a tyrant
Why may the colonists feel this way?
Representatives from every colony except Georgia gathered and sent formal written complaints to the King of England.
How do you think the King reacted?
Not all the colonists wanted to fight England, but they armed themselves anyway.
They called themselves minutemen,
because they could be ready to fight in a minute.
The Battles of Lexington and Concord
In April of 1775, British troops were planning to
destroy patriot armories in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts.
A few colonists discovered these plans and rode on horseback to warn everyone.
Paul Revere was one of the riders
Patrick Henry gave a famous speech that called for war and rallied colonists into action
The British troops came from Boston Harbor inland.
The British troops met colonial minutemen at Lexington.
Both sides were under orders not to open fire
Suddenly a random shot was fired.
Nobody knows who fired the shot, but it started the Revolutionary War.
This is known as "The shot heard around the world."
The British won a 15 minute battle at Lexington and marched on to Concord.
At the Battle of Concord, armed colonists held of British troops, and the British troops retreated.
These battle are important because they began the Revolutionary War and showed that the colonists could stand and fight against the British troops.
It came to be known as
"Give me liberty or give me death"
In 1775, colonists met and decided to create an American Army.
It was called the Continental Army
And was led by George Washington
The Battle of Bunker Hill
June 1775, Americans fought bravely against British
ships that fired cannons and redcoats charging at them.
Although the Americans ran out of ammo and had to retreat, it showed they could and would fight against troops AND battle ships.
Battle of Moores Creek Bridge
The first few battles in the Revolutionary War were fought in the North...but the fighting soon spread South
This first battle in N.C. was won by the patriots against the loyalists.
It prevented the British from penetrating the South.
Colonists reinforced their position
in America and brought in cannons.
With a safe hold on their land, and a desire to be free,
The Declaration of Indpendence was written
and approved on July 4, 1776
Chapter 11.2: The Fighting Spreads
It was now the winter of 1776,
and the American army was weary.
There was a lull in the fighting, and the
British did not expect an attack until warmer weather.
On Christmas 1776, Gen. George Washington crossed the
Delaware River and attacked German Hessians who were fighting for the British, in Trenton, NJ.
Ch11.3 The End of the War
By now, the British army was weary and low on supplies.
They regrouped in Yorktown, VA and awaited supply ships
Little did the British know they were being surrounded.
The colonists had a new ally who entered the war against the British
...Who might this be...
The French had created a blockade, and would not let the British ships past to supply troops
British troops surrendered
Why/How do you think the colonists won the war? (Against a much more skilled British army)
Why might fighting stall during the winter?
How might the environment/climate present
unique opportunities or challenges in battle?
This surprise attack, at the Battle of Trenton, was a great tactic and was the beginning of several American victories.
The British tried invading the South, but were unsuccessful.
However...the British were unable to win any battles here. They described the area around Charlotte, NC, as "the hornets nest" of the Revolution.
What do you think happened next?
What might some effects of the Revolutionary War be?
Social effects, political effects, and economic effects?
1. What country helped the colonists win the war?
2. Where did the final battle take place?
3. Predict one economic, one political, and one social effect of the war
Read 11.3: pg. 169-172
Revolutionary War Art