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The Neo-Babylonian Empire

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Tara C

on 27 February 2014

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Transcript of The Neo-Babylonian Empire

Geographical
Social classes were determined based on the amount of religiousness a person carried on and their profession
The status of free workers remained relatively high compared to other people
Chaldea become the place where many people went to learn in Mesopotamia

Some subjects that they learned were:
Astronomy (Lunar Calendar)
Astrology
Craftsmanship
Literature (the start of literature)
Science and art (what made the Chaldean military be forgotten for some time)
They wrote stuff down on clay tablets
Had the ideas that first started mathematics
They also formed the study of all of the matter, including the physics in and of space.
Aesthetic
Political
Economic
They gave large estates to government officials as a form of pay
The rural people worked and rented in the estates in the Babylonian countryside
N. II changed it into the place that it was economically
Summary of
Neo-Babylonia
The Neo-Babylonian or the Chaldean Empire lasted for 87 years; from 626-539 BC. It is located where present day Iraq is. The Neo-Babylonian empire had many powerful kings and made some of the biggest discoveries in techonology. They also were the ones to invent many methods and subjects that we still use today!
The Neo-Babylonian Empire
Nebuchadnezzar II
Religious
N. II imprisoned Hebrews for about 70 years
Religious rankings were important regarding political rights
Nebuchadnezzar worshipped many Egyptian deities and was not very good at carrying on any religion
Nabonidus devoted time into the renovation of many temples
Languages:
Akkadian
Assyrian
Aramaic
N. II beautified the area a LOT. Here are some things that he had built:
Rose-colored walls
Wide, processional streets
Blue-glazed bricks with drawings of red dragons, lions, and wild bulls
The Hanging Gardens
The Tower of Babel
A place for the royals to live and many more buildings and ideas were created
The walls with glazed-tile bas-reliefs were decorated more
Tara Chugh
Isha Teredesai
Alyssa Khoo

Hanging Gardens
The Hanging Gardens were a set of terraces covered in plants, trees, flowers, etc. Some of the terraces even rose to about 75 feet high. It is one of the 7 wonders of the Ancient world.

Southern Babylonia
Extended along the northern and western shores of the Persian Gulf
People lived around the lakes and swamps along the middle and lower courses of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates, because water was easier to get
Sources
"Ancient Mesopotamia." : Babylonian Empire for Kids. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2014.
"Chaldea." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 31 Jan. 2014. Web. 31 Jan. 2014.
"!@#$%^& *&^%$# - Chaldean Empire." @#$!&*# ^$@*$! - Chaldean Empire. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2014.
"The Chaldean Empire (625 - 539 B.C.)." The Chaldean Empire (625 - 539 B.C.). N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2014.
"Neo-Babylonian Empire." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Jan. 2014. Web. 31 Jan. 2014.
"Who Are the Chaldeans?" Who Are the Chaldeans? N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2014.
"Who Are the Chaldeans?" Who Are the Chaldeans? N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2014.
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2014.
"Ancient Mesopotamia." For Kids: Biography of Nebuchadnezzar II. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2014.


They were able to build houses with multiple stories
They learned how to pave their roads
Advances in the architecture and building processes helped them build the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and some huge temples.
They irrigated their lands, and made the rivers spread like a network
Nebuchadnezzar II added canals so the land was even more fertile

Now...
The Hanging Gardens are ruins because of the many earthquakes that have hit the area since then.
The End :)
Fourth king
Controlled trade routes across Mesopotamia
Defeated Egyptians and their allies
Imprisoned Hebrews
Gave women equal rights
Had one of the earlier libraries
One of the best kings
A Big Bang!
The 7 Wonders of the Ancient World
The Great Pyramid of Giza
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
Colossus of Rhodes
Lighthouse of Alexandria


Royalty
Middle Class
(Average Jobs)
Upper Class
(Best Jobs)
Lower Class
(Bad Jobs)
Lower Class
(Bad Jobs)
Lowest you can be
King and his family
Priests, nobles, army commanders
Traders, Shopkeepers
Farmers, herders
Unskilled Workers
Social Pyramid
Social
Intellectual
Think. Pair. Share.
Directions: Listen to the questions asked and think about them for a few minutes. Then, discuss your ideas with your group. At the end, we will go over our thoughts as a whole class.
Q1: Why do you think so many languages were spoken in Neo-Babylonia??? Why did they not make up their own language?
Technology
Q2
Astronomy, astrology, math and literature were all invented there or started around same time. How do think these subjets that we se so much now started??? What do you think they were used for???
Q3
Along with the language that got passed down and "borrowed" from other countries, what else might have gotten passed down??? BE SPECIFIC!!!!
How did the Neo-Babylonians help us do what we do today??? (In terms of technology.)

Nabopolassar established a politically stable empire that was also quite wealthy
Nebuchadnezzar II was a very important character that the empire depended on for their well-being
Relatively poor country when ruled by the Assyrians
Other than N. II, the other kings weren't that good
Nabopolassar turned the fall of the Assyrian Empire into an empire of their own. His son, Nebuchadnezzar II, restored Babylon and made sure it looked quite presentable.

For the sake of being allies, he married the daughter of a foriegn king (from the Medes).
The Hanging Gardens that he built were for his wife, who felt homesick.
He was the one of the only reasons the empire thrived so much.
The Neo-Babylonian empire rose after the fall of the Akkadian empire, and after the fall of Chaldea, Babylon became capital again!
What did he do?
(They didn't actually vote)
The Tower of Babel
Nebuchadnezzar II was also believed to have built the Tower of Babel.Ther are many theories to why it was built. Some say that it was an attempt for manking to become equal with god. Others claim that it was to make them remembered. Another possible reason is that hey wanted to show their strength. There is really no evidence to why they built it!
Some of the ruins of it.
As you can see, the tower has also influenced modern architecture.
The Lunisolar Calendar
The Neo-Babylonian calendar was a lunisolar calendar. It is slightly similar to ours, with twelve months, but goes according to the moon, so the months overlap. The year was also divided into three seasons depending on the time of the year; reš šatti "beginning", mišil šatti "middle", and kīt šatti "end of the year". The word for month was araḫ, and you may notice that all the month names start with that. Counting from the new moon, they celebrated every seventh day as "holy day" when it was "unsuitable" for any prohibited activities. On each holy day they would worship a different god; Merodach and Ishtar on the 7th, Ninlil andNergal on the 14th, Sin and Shamash on the 21st, and Enki and Mah on the 28th.
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