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Bootlegging and the Rise of Organized Crime

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Samie H

on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of Bootlegging and the Rise of Organized Crime

Bootlegging, Gangs, the Rise of Organized Crime
Who?
What?
When?
Where?
Why?
How?
Bootlegging and Organized Crime
Samantha Harper and Bahnou Upton
Organized Crime/Bootlegging
Amendment 21
SECTION. 1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.
SECTION. 2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or Possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.
SECTION. 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
What is bootlegging?

What was prohibition?
Smuggling alcohol
Name from early smuggling
Methods:
Amendment XVIII:
Major Criminals:
What did they do?
When?
What they got?
The interesting part of the roaring twenties
Timeline of Bootlegging
Disguising Alcohol
Illegal Production
Smuggling from Canada
Industrial Alcohol
"Now is the time to order your supply of VINE-GLO. It can be made in your home in sixty days-a fine, true-to-type guaranteed beverage ready for the Holiday Season. VINE-GLO ... comes to you in nine varieties, Port, Virginia Dare, Muscatel, Angelica, Tokay, Sauteme, Riesling, Claret and Burgundy. It is entirely legal in your home-but it must not be transported. (Cashman, 1981, p. 213)"
"Mother's in the kitchen
Washing out the jugs;
Sister's in the pantry
Bottling the suds;
Father's in the cellar
Mixing up the hops;
Johnny's on the front porch
Watching for the cops.
(Mendelson and Mello, 1985, p. 86)"
Organized Crime
Corruption of Politicians, Law enforcement
26 denaturants
Some poisonous
Caused horrible diseases
Jake's foot
10% eventually consumed
Speakeasies and Clip Joints
Money:
AL Capone Made $60,000,00 per year
Untaxed
Average $1,000 per year
Access to Alcohol
Privilege
Other Ventures
Drinking
SECTION. 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
SECTION. 2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
SECTION. 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
Meyer Lansky
“Lucky Luciano”
considered father of organized crime
Born as Salvatore Luciano
Johnny Torrio
Bugsy Siegel
Bugs Moran
Alphonse Gabriel Capone
Most famous
Born in Brooklyn on January 17, 1899
Influenced by Johnny Torrio
Characteristics
Poor
Immigrants
usually Irish or Italian
Began at young age
Also gambled, distributed drugs, and prostitution ventures
Murder was commonplace
Bribed officials, police
Ruthless in acquiring and distributing alcohol
How it Effected America
Police funding: INCREASED $11.4 Million
Arrests for Prohibition Violations: INCREASED 102+%
Arrests for Drunken and Disorderly Conduct: INCREASED 41%
Arrests of Drunken Drivers: INCREASED 81%
Thefts and Burglaries: INCREASED 9%
Homicides, Assault, and Battery: INCREASED 13%
Number of Federal Convicts: INCREASED 561%
Federal Prison Population: INCREASED 366%
Total Federal Expenditure on Penal Institution: increased 1,000%
Sources
"Bootlegging and the Rise of Organized Crime." prezi.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2013. <http://prezi.com/vsvoemxnba8z/bootlegging-and-the-rise-of-organized-crime/>.
"National Prohibition of Alcohol in the U.S.." National Prohibition of Alcohol in the U.S.. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2013. <http://www2.potsdam.edu/hansondj/Controversies/1091124904_6.html#.UpuPD9Ksim4>.
"Organized Crime - How it Was Changed by Prohibition." Organized Crime - How it Was Changed by Prohibition. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. <http://www.umich.edu/~eng217/student_projects/nkazmers/organizedcrime2.html>.
"Organized Crime and Prohibition." Organized Crime and Prohibition. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://www.albany.edu/~wm731882/organized_crime1_final.html>.
"Organized Crime in the 1920's and Prohibition." The Finer Times: War, Crime and History Resource. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. <http://www.thefinertimes.com/20th-Century-Crime/organised-crime-in-the-1920s.html>.
"Potable Power." Potable Power. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. <http://old.library.temple.edu/exhibits/prohibition/bootlegging.jsp>.
"Prohibition of Liquor." National Constitution Center – constitutioncenter.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2013. <http://constitutioncenter.org/constitution/the-amendments/amendment-18-liquor-abolished>.
"Prohibition, and its Effects on Chicagoans, and Organized Crime." Prohibition, and its Effects on Chicagoans, and Organized Crime. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://www.umich.edu/~eng217/student_projects/nkazmers/prohibition1.html>.
"St. Valentines Day Massacre." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/1920s/p/valentines.htm>.
"The 18th Amendment." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2013. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/1910s/a/18thamendment.htm>.
"The St. Valentine's Day Massacre." chicagotribune.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. <http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/politics/chi-chicagodays-valentinesmassacre-story,0,1233196.story>."bootlegging (American history)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/73745/bootlegging>.
Before
1890's brought in the Valley Gang as one of the first gangs
1893 - Chicago's South Side Levee District opened for business to serve customers who weren't only in the city for the World's Columbian Exposition.
1900 - Over two million unchecked people lived in Chicago
1910 - Chicago police arrested over 200 known Italian gangsters and Black Hand members in Little Italy. None were convicted because extortion notes could not be traced.
1919 - Jim Colosimo was one of the "overlords of the underworld"
1919 - Local businessmen fed-up with rampant local thuggery and murder in the city formed Chicago Crime Commission, founded by Chicago Attorney Frank J. Loesch. Coined the term, "Public Enemy," concerning Chicago's organized crime figures.
During
1920
George Remus- drug company
Roy Olmstead- bootlegging for policeforce
William McCoy-smuggling from Bahamas to Georgia
1926
Al Capone blamed for the murder of Billy McSwiggin
1929
Stock Market Crash
St. Valentines Day Massacure
Start of Great Depression

After
1933
December 5th
Amendment 21
illegal trafficking of liquor
transportation, selling, or manufacturing
murder became commonplace to keep gangs smuggling a secret
bribes and rivals
St. Valentine's Day Massacre
St. Valentines Day Massacre
1929 murder
Conflict between south side Italian gang led by Al Capone and north side Irish gang led by Bugs Moran
Around 10:30 AM two dressed as fake police officers ordered men to line up and gunned them down
Wall of Massacre with original blood
Newspaper
Part of Al Capone Gang
Main character (Gatsby) was assumed to be involved in illegal activities because of his sudden increase financially
Underground club in the middle of the day where Gatsby and Nick met Rothstein who rigged World Series in 1919
Various phone calls always to Chicago and quietly notified
Always dressed in a suit which was common of gangsters
Relation to The Great Gatsby
Dead bodies :D
Jan. 16, 1919 - . One calendar year given to drinking establishments, across the nation to close. Drinking alcohol was not, prohibited by the XVIII Amendment.
Oct. 1-9 1919 - The 1919 World Series between the Chicago White Sox and the Cincinnati Reds, verified a group of Sox players conspired to "throw" the series for financial gain. New York City rackeeter and gambler Arnold Rothstein has been tied as the one who financed the scheme to "throw" the 1919 series.
1919 (late) - Torrio brought his cousin and Al Capone from New York City to Chicago to help, after a couple murder charges in New York
Illegal to
produce
transport
sell
Intoxicating liquors
January 16, 1920- December 5, 1933
Speakeasies:
clubs
secret
lots of drinking
Clip Joints:
Drunk
Steal money
http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/prohibition/prohibition-nationwide/timeline/#detail=2085881883
BOOTLEGGING IN Modern Times
Most common "bootlegged" items are movies, music, games
Definition of bootlegging is the make, distribution, or selling of illegal goods.
Another term for bootlegging is rum-running which is another term for it from the prohibition time
The state of Virginia has reported that it loses up to $20 million from illegal whiskey smuggling.
The Government of the United Kingdom fails to collect an estimated £900 million in taxes due to alcohol smuggling activities.
Why Prohibition?
Medical
Many people realized drinking was tied into health problems such as sclerosis
Economic
Labourers would get so drunk they could not perform their job well and companies ended up losing money because they wouldn't show up
Political
Many votes were won in rural areas because politicians promised to back up prohibition, which helped those politicians to win the election.
Social
Families broke apart due to arguing over consumption of alcohol
LET THE BOOTLEGGING BEGIN
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