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The Book Thief Global Studies Independent Project
Transcript of The Book Thief Global Studies Independent Project
English 2 Global Studies
10 May 2013 Table of Contents Inside The Book Thief... Author: Markus Zusak Published In...
2005 Title: The Book Thief Protagonist: Liesel Meminger Setting:
(outside of Munich)
1939 Liesel is adopted by Hubberman family, who hides a Jew, which changes Liesel forever. Liesel Meminger 14 years old Lives in Molching, Germany Friends: Rudy Steiner Max Vandenburg Interests: Reading, Writing, Soccer, and Stealing Struggles: Abandonment, Guilt, Dishonesty Education: Can read and write, Hitler Youth Occupation: Currently Unemployed White Female About Liesel:
When I was nine years old, my brother died. My mother brought me to Himmel Street so I could have a better life. I love going on adventures with Rudy and reading with Max in our basement. I also enjoy hearing Papa play the accordion. Friend Friend Foster dad Wife Max Vandenburg Rosa Hubermann Hans Hubermann Liesel Meminger Friend Rudy Steiner Liesel's brother dies on the train/ she steals The Grave Digger's Handbook Liesel is brought to Himmel Street (to her foster parents) Liesel meets Rudy and they become friends World War II begins. The rationing of products starts Liesel mails letters to her real mom. Hitler's birthday 1940. A bonfire burns everything that disgraced Germany from WWI. Liesel realizes her mom was a communist and she believes "Hitler has taken her away". Liesel steals The Shoulder Shrug book from the fire. Ilsa sees her do it. dad Alex Steiner Isla Herman Liesel is allowed by Ilsa to go into her library. Rudy and Liesel join other kids to steal food November 1940 Max Vandenburg arrives at Himmel Street. Max gives Liesel his homemade book: The Standover Man Liesel loses Rosa's last laundry client: the mayor / his wife (Ilsa) Max becomes very ill. Liesel steals a second book from Ilsa's library Max finally wakes up. Bombs start falling in Germany: Lubeck and Cologne The first real bomb raid on Himmel Street The march of the Jews to concentration camp Dachau. Hans feeds a Jew/ gets whipped. Max leaves 33 Himmel Street because they are afraid they may be caught because of Hans. Hans gets approved into the Nazi Party. A few days later he is drafted to the German Army. Liesel recieves Max's sketchbook that he left for her. Hans comes home. Liesel sees Max in a march. She gets brutally whipped. Liesel tells Rudy about Max. Himmel Street is bombed without warning. Hans, Rosa, Rudy, and everyone else in the area dies except Liesel. Liesel works in Alex Steiner's shop and sees Max again. Liesel was abandoned without any family when she was brought to the Hubermanns. They made her feel like she was part of something. Max Vandenburg shows Liesel that words can be powerful. Max wrote a few stories for her showing that without words Hitler would be useless and the world would be drastically different. While World War II is happening, bombs are falling everywhere. The only way that Liesel's friends/family would have survived is if there was a warning. Because of Liesel's love for words and reading she was in the basement out of luck. P
T Vocabulary abhorrence
Children often have deep abhorrence for going to bed early bahnhof
The family waited for the train at the bahnhof. komm
"Komm!" the dog owner shouted at his dog. saumensch
Saumensch, you need a bath you're filthy! schimpfen
When the girl stole, her dad's aggressive tone took the form of a schimpfen. castigated
The principal castigated the rambunctious children for putting glue in the substitute's hair. scheisse
The people stepped in cow schiesse. klar
The pie crust was klar. richtig
You have to be home by midnight. Richtig? debutant
The debutant models were in the fashion show for the first time. saukerl
Stop that noise, saukerl! You sound like a dying cat! trounced
The abusive husband trounced his wife almost every night. gallantry
Superman showed such gallantry when he saved that plane. aufmachen
Aufmachen sesame! dormant
Sleeping Beauty was dormant for a long time. trepidation
With trepidation, the mouse stole the cheese from the mouse trap. schnell
You need to run! Schnell! serpentined
The criminal serpentined through the house as if he were a snake. temerity
The queen's temerity was known throughout the kingdom. scheisskopf
Is your head full of rocks? You're such a schiesskopf! Theme
War/Humanity "The German Invasion of Poland had begun and people were gathered everywhere, listening to the news of it...
Rationing had begun a few days earlier"(74). Rationing effects everyone. At the time there were many people who were permanently starving, Jews, Germans, a little bit of everyone. This later causes Liesel and Rudy to steal food because they are desperate. "The Fuhrer. He was the they that Hans and Rosa were talking about that evening when she first wrote to her mother...'Is my mother a communist?'...'Did the Fuhrer take her away?'..The question surprised them both, and it forced Papa to stand up...'I think he might have, yes'"(115). Liesel believes her mother was a communist because she always heard that word when she was younger. She comes to the realization on Hitler's birthday that he hates communists. Liesel believes he is the reason for her suffering. "Max with the rest of the Jews, was steadily rejected and repeatedly trodden upon...Then came November 9, Kristallnacht. Many Jewish establishments were being surgically smashed and looted..."(192). Max, among many other Jews and groups were severely mistreated throughout World War II and the Holocaust. During The Night of Broken Glass, there was so much damage done to homes, businesses and synagogues. This was when Max escaped. "I was still getting over Stalin...the murder of his own people. Then came Hitler. I see them tall in their heaps, all mounted on top of each other. The air is like plastic...They say that war is death's best friend...To me, war is like the new boss who expects the impossible...So you work harder. You get the job done. The boss, however, does not thank you. He asks for more"(309). Death, the narrator, is talking about the burden war causes. For the overpowering leader, the suffering of tons of people is not enough. Leaders become greedy and carried away. And the people obey out of fear. In history, there are many leaders who follow this trend. Power is dangerous if it is put in the wrong hands. "Outside,things were starting to look shaky. Late in March, a place called Lubeck was hailed with bombs. Next in line would be Cologne, and soon enough, many more German cities, including Munich"(335). Bombs are destructive. They are used to slaughter large portions of people. Without war, bombs would not be falling and killing people. "The next raid was real. Again, Himmel Street was a trail of people, and again, Papa left his accordion...'I didn't take it last time,'he explained, 'and we lived.' War clearly blurred distinction between logic and superstition"(380). When people are afraid of death, they are not considering anything else. War clearly blurs a number of things together. Hans wasn't concerned with bringing his accordion during the first raid. The only thing on his mind was trying to stay alive. "Stars of David were plastered to their shirts, and misery was attached to them as if assigned...once in a while a man or a woman-no, they were not men and women; they were Jews-would find Liesel's face among the crowd...She could only hope they could read the depth of sorrow in her face, to recognize it was true,not fleeting"(392). Jews were not classified as people during the Holocaust. They were considered scum. The Jews were on a Death March and the Nazis were pushing them on. Liesel feels horrible that she can do nothing to help them. She wants them to know that she is not the typical German girl, she is friends with a Jew, she is helping one. "On the ration cards of Nazi Germany, there was no listing for punishment, but everyone had to take their turn. For some it was death in a foreign country during the war. For others it was poverty and guilt when the war was over, when six million discoveries were made throughout Europe...You do not help Jews on the street. Your basement should not be hiding one...Hans Hubermann was to be drafted into the German army"(416). Hans feels guilt for feeding the Jew during a march because he had to ask Max to leave. He was afraid that their house would be searched and everyone would suffer the consequences. War rips families apart. Liesel and Hans are very close and when he left, a part of her was missing. First Max left and then Hans. It wasn't just the Hubermann family it was all the other families around the world being drafted to fight. There is nothing they can do about it. Liesel dies of old age- she had three children and then they had her grandchildren "The damage, Essen. Six men burned by cigarettes. Two broken hands. Several broken fingers. A broken leg for Hans Hubermann. A broken neck for Reinhold Zucker, snapped almost in line with his earlobes"(476). These men were in a vehicle and the tire blew. In this freak accident, they were hurt badly and one died. They had to leave Zucker behind. His family must have been devastated. It could have been anyone but it was him. Death is a reoccurring theme within war. "The soldiers and Jews made their way through several towns and were arriving now in Molching. It was possible that more work needed to be done in the camp, or several prisoners had died. Whatever the reason, a new batch or fresh, tired Jews was being taken on foot to Dachau"(508). During the Holocaust several select groups of people who were considered not to be human at all were heavily mistreated in inhumane ways. At concentration camps, they would be made to work, gased to death, abused, or even be used for sick "experiments". Character Development She likes the thrill of stealing things. It makes her feel like she has control Liesel decides she hates Hitler. Liesel realizes that Max and her both have nightmares. She is not alone. She begins to read with Hans. She is eager to learn and decides she wants to improve her minimal knowledge. Her brother dies and her mother abandons her. Liesel is lonely and confused. She identifies her suffering for not being able to help the Jews. She realizes what is happening to them. She thinks that war takes people she loves away from her. She loves Max as a brother. She is willing to go through pain for him. She realizes that humans are the same..no matter what/ where they come from. Race and Religion don't matter. Jews are just like them. She can cope with her nightmares on her own now. She has matured. Her entire family and friends die. She is emotionally scarred. Max brings to her attention that without words, Hitler would be nothing and the world would be different. Liesel lived to be an old age and made a family of her own. She was able to be surrounded with more people she loved even though she lost so much. Liesel thinks the world is a bad place and that innocent people are being punished for no reason because of one person. Liesel trusts Rudy with the Max secret. She realizes she is in love with Rudy. Liesel Liesel is German which helps her survive the Holocaust. Many groups were sought out to be "inhuman", however, Germans were usually safe unless they did something to prove otherwise. Also the Liesel had "hair close enough to a brand of German blond"(31). Which was good because looks mattered during World War II. Because she is German, she did not have to go through the hardships many groups had to. She was "safe". Liesel is humane because she sees herself as an equal amongst the Jews. When she sees Max in the march, she runs and starts walking side by side with the Jews. Normally, a German would not even dream of socializing with so called "scum". Liesel has a good heart and sees the flaws in Hitler's thoughts. At one point, Liesel feeds Jews she doesn't know bread. She is humane because she has been raised by people who see the good in people and help those in need. After all, they did hide a Jew. Liesel is educated which gives her an advantage amongst those who are uneducated. Being able to read and write is an important skill to have in life if you want to be an independent person. One of the reasons Liesel's birth mom gave her to a foster home was so that she could be part of a family who could feed her more and educate her properly. Because she is educated she can make decisions on her own later in life and have a good job. Living in Nazi Germany, Liesel had to hide her hatred for Hitler. Liesel knows that he most likely "took her mother" away from her, thus, it is extremely difficult for her to mask her emotions. She is aware that innocent people are being punished for no reason and that he is responsible. Liesel has to attend Hitler Youth where she has to pretend to worship the Fuhrer. Source Content from Source Content from The Book Thief How they relate (or don't) "The number of Jewish prisoners at Dachau rose with the increased persecution of Jews and on November 10-11, 1938, in the aftermath of Kristallnacht, more than 10,000 Jewish men were interned there...In 1942, the crematorium area was constructed next to the main camp. It included the old crematorium and the new crematorium (Barrack X) with a gas chamber. There is no credible evidence that the gas chamber in Barrack X was used to murder human beings." "Dachau- Holocaust Encyclopedia" There were gas chambers. Max was sent to Dachau. Dachau is the main concentration camp that was talked about in The Book Thief. The camp was the model camp where Nazi's were trained. Max was sent there after 1940, which was when the numbers rose. However, the author did not go into much depth as to what happened in the concentration camps. He briefly mentioned gas chambers but left out so much. "The term death march was probably coined by concentration camp prisoners. During these death marches, the SS guards brutally mistreated the prisoners. Following their explicit orders, they shot hundreds of prisoners who collapsed or could not keep pace on the march, or who could no longer disembark from the trains or ships. Thousands of prisoners died of exposure, starvation, and exhaustion." "Death Marches" There were several Death Marches through Molching on the way to Dachau. During the marches in The Book Thief, prisoners were whipped and jabbed. I believe that Markus Zusak portrayed this very well in the book. Many of them were starving and Liesel, Hans, and Rudy fed them bread. The Jews were so grateful they started hugging and kneeling at their feet. The Nazis were incredibly cruel during the marches. It was like entertainment for them. Characterization Type Example Analysis direct "Both were skinny and pale"(24). She is skinny and pale. Therefore she may be malnourished direct "Her hair was a close enough brand of German blond,but she had dangerous eyes. Dark brown"(31). Liesel has dark brown eyes and blondish hair. indirect "When he was set upon, he was slapped and clawed and obliterated by a girl who was utterly consumed with rage"(78). Liesel beat up a class-mate, she is able to handle and stand up for herself. She is fiesty. indirect "Hans Hubermann merely repeated his previous cleanup heroics and got down to the task of reading, sketching, and reciting"(69). Hans was teaching Liesel to read and write, she was excited about learning. She is determined to be smart like her peers. indirect "When her birthday came around, there was no gift... she didn't whine or moan or stamp her feet. She simply swallowed the disappointment..."(98). Liesel is mature for her age. She understands her family isn't able to afford such things but they still love her. She is disappointed but she doesn't show it. indirect "'You said nothing.' Her head shook vigorously...'Not a 'goodbye'. Not a 'thank you'...'Certainly she was a book thief, but that didn't mean she should have no manners at all...she turned and ran back"(137). Liesel has a good heart, she realized it was impolite not to thank Ilsa for bringing her to her library and in the end, she did the right thing. indirect "'They'll drag that man up there away, and maybe Mama and me too-and we will never, ever come back.' And that did it. The girl began to sob so uncontrollably..."(204). Liesel loves her family and would never want to be separated from them. She will do anything for them and the thought of abandonment saddens her. indirect "For hours, she sat with him as he shivered and slept.'Don't die,' she whispered. 'Please, Max, just don't die'"(316). She is persistent and dependable. She is staying with someone who she cares about even though she might get sick. direct "If nothing else it showed that she cared,and it might give them something to talk about when Max woke up"(321). Liesel cared. This was shown when she collated various objects she found and read to Max everyday until he woke up. indirect "She wondered where they were and what they were doing. One afternoon, she lifted the accordion from its case and polished it with a rag"(438). Liesel is hopeful. This is shown when she took Papa's (Hans) accordion out and polished it. She is hoping that he'll be home soon so he can play once more. Inside The Book Thief
Bibliography Bibliography Peter, Tveskov H. Conquered, Not Defeated.Ed. Zanne Miller. Central Point, Oregon: Hellgate 2003. Print. "The W family was Jewish and lived across the courtyard of the large apartment building on Æsterbro where my parents lived. When the Germans decided to arrest the Danish Jews in October 1943, the W’s next door neighbors hid them at risk of their lives, while the Germans ransacked their apartment. It must be emphasized that the neighbors who risked their lives were only acquaintances and not personal friends of the W’s.” "Conquered, but Not Defeated" The Hubermanns hid Max Vandenburg During the Holocaust, there were many people/ families or groups that would help Jews and others in need. It took a lot of courage because not only were they putting the person(s) they were hiding at risk but also their own. Hans fed a Jew and was afraid that their house would be searched so they had to have Max move. Hans was harassed after hep the Jew on the street. People spit at him and called him a "dirty Jew lover". This fact is accurate and there are many famous stories about survivors of the Holocaust. "My program for educating youth is hard. Weakness must be hammered away. In my castles of the Teutonic Order a youth will grow up before which the world will tremble. I want a brutal, domineering, fearless, cruel youth. Youth must be all that. It must bear pain. There must be nothing weak and gentle about it. The free, splendid beast of prey must once again flash from its eyes...That is how I will eradicate thousands of years of human domestication...That is how I will create the New Order." – Adolf Hitler, 1933. "Hitler Youth" Rudy was punished physically in Hitler Youth for not knowing the answers. Being harsh in Hitler Youth was custom at the time. Rudy had to run through a field of manure for an extensive amount of time. Nazis were brutal because they were following Hitler's philosophy on education. The way the author wrote about Hitler Youth was accurate and engaging. http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/hitleryouth/ History Place-Hitler Youth May 9, 2013. The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2010. Web. May 7, 2013 http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005214 USHMM Dachau, 2012.Web. April 29, 2013 http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005214. USHMM -Death Marches, 2012. Web. April 29, 2013 The Book Thief by Markus Zusak. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 2005 In May 1933, the Nazi party decreed that any book, 'which acts subversively on our future or strikes at the root of German thought, the German home and the driving forces of our people...' was to be burnt.
Students carrying banners toured the streets, rifling libraries, synagogues, and private homes. Works of philosophers, rationalists, poets, and internationally acclaimed authors, which had until then formed part of universal studies, were thrown into the flames. "The Burning of Books" Hitler's Birthday they burned books and other belonging in a fire. Through my research, I did not find evidence that books were burned specifically on Hitler's birthday. However, books were burned because they were seen as unholy. Many belongings were confiscated and destroyed in the fires. I wish that the author would have gone more into depth about the fires. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/bookburn.html Jewish Virtual Library-The Burning of Books. 2010. Web. May 7, 2013