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Shallow Ocean Biome

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Kia Sargent

on 14 October 2014

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Transcript of Shallow Ocean Biome

Shallow Ocean Biome
Description
Area shallow enough for sunlight reach. The biome near the coast lines. This biome is located all around the world. The Coastal Ocean Biome holds 90% of the oceans marine animals.
Abiotic Factors
Human Interaction
-harbor most of the seafood caught for human consumption
-
Temperature
Temperature ranges from 35°F to 85°F. This biome is very warm because the water is shallow. The temperatures change widely depending on the region it is found in.
Location
Sunlight and Rainfall
Sunlight ranges from little to a full day of sunlight contact dependent on location.
Rainfall is dependent completely upon location. The tropical locations get much more rain than the drier regions.
The Coastal Ocean Biome is found all over the world near the coasts of any landmass. The average water depth of this biome is 18 feet but fluctuates greatly with the location.
PHOSPHATE CYCLE
Phosporus moves through a food web to cycle
Phosphate is a limiting agent in the growth of plants and animals
Excess run off of phosphate can create algal blooms which are immediate increases in the amount of algae because of an increase in limiting nutrients
Phosphate runs off into the ocean water and settles in the sediment


Plants and algae use phosphate as a nutrient which starts its cycle into the food web
Biotic Factors
Antarctic Coastal Ocean Biome
Decomposers
Seaweed
Crabs
Sea Urchins
Starfish
Small forms of bacterias and fungi
Animals and plants
Herbivorous zooplankton
Seals
Penguins
Birds
Fish
Krill
Whales
Kelp
Zooplankton
Phytoplankton

Producers
Human Influence
Plastic waste is a major problem in this area. 10% of all plastic waste ends up in the Coastal Ocean Biome. The chemicals from the plastic can harm the marine life
Oil spills, pesticides, and other pollutants are also a problem.
Conservation

Donate to nature.org




The NOAA also works very hard to conserve the coastal ocean biome
Sites
-http://oceanworld.tamu.edu/resources/oceanography-book/marinefoodwebs.htm
-http://www.tutorvista.com/science/decomposers-in-the-ocean
-http//www.thewildclassroom.com/biomes/coastal.html
-http://www.savethesea.org/STS%20ocean_facts.htm
-http://ww.windows2universe.org/earth/water/marine_ecology.html
-http://freestyleadventuretravel.com/adventuretravel13/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/krill2.jpg
Full transcript