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Greek Gods and Goddesses
Transcript of Greek Gods and Goddesses
Aphrodite was usually seen as a very beautiful woman and she was usually naked.
Eros, the godling of love, almost always accompanied Aphrodite.
Aphrodite was thought to be born out of sea foam.
Her love interests include Ares, Dionysos, Hephaistos, Hermes, Nerites, Poseidon, and Zeus. Demeter Demeter is the goddess of agriculture, grain, and bread.
She also controlled the foremost of the Mystery Cults which promised its residents the path to a blessed afterlife.
Demeter was depicted as a mature woman, often crowned and holding sheafs of wheat and and a torch.
Her daughter Persephone was abducted by Hades, and she brought a great famine down upon the earth. Artemis Artemis is the goddess of hunting, wilderness, animals, childbirth, and the protection of girls until marriage.
Her brother is Appolo.
Together the two gods were also bringers of sudden death and disease--Artemis targeted women and girls, and Apollo men and boys.
She was usually shown as a girl in a knee length dress and carried a bow and a quiver of arrows.
Immediately after her birth she is said to have assisted her mother in the birth of her twin brother, Apollo. Hermes Hermes is the god of animal husbandry, roads, travel, hospitality, heralds, diplomacy, trade, thievery, language, writing, persuasion, cunning wiles, athletic contests, gymnasiums, astronomy, and astrology.
He was a close colleague with Zeus.
Hermes was depicted as either a handsome and athletic, beardless youth, or as an older bearded man.
His attributes included the herald's wand orkerykeion, winged boots, and sometimes a winged traveller's cap and chlamys cloak.
He stole from Appollo, his brother, as a young toddler. Theseus Theseus killed the Minotaur.
While having all the qualities of a traditional hero, such as strength and courage, he was also intelligent and wise.
Theseus knew he could kill the minotaur, but nobody had ever found their way out of the maze. So, he put a thread at the beginning of the maze and made it follow him so that he could find his way back out. Ares Ares is the god of war, battlelust, civil order and manly courage.
In Greek art he was depicted as either a mature, bearded warrior dressed in battle arms, or a nude beardless youth with helm and spear.
He had an adulterous affair with Aphrodite. Posiedon Poseidon is the god of the sea, rivers, flood and drought, earthquakes and horses.
He was depicted as a mature man of sturdy build with a dark beard, and holding a trident.
He received dominion over the sea after the division of the cosmos amongst the sons of Kronos.
He sent a sea monster to punish the Trojans for refusing to pay him for building their walls. Zeus King of the Gods Hera Queen of the Gods Hera is the goddess of marriage, women and the sky and starry heavens.
She was usually drawn as a beautiful woman wearing a crown and holding a royal, lotus-tipped staff.
She was married to Zeus.
She gave birth to Hephaistos and sent him away because he was crippled.
She assisted the Greeks in the Trojan War. Zeus is god of sky and weather, law, order and fate.
He was depicted as a regal man, mature with sturdy figure and dark beard.
His usual attributes were a lightning bolt, royal sceptre and eagle.
He was born and raised in the Diktaion cave. He was cared for by Amaltheia and he was guarded by the shield-clashing Kouretes. Aphrodite Apollo Apollo is the god of prophecy and oracles, healing, plague and disease, music, song and poetry, archery, and the protection of the young.
He was thought to look handsome, young, and with a beard and long hair and is often shown with a wreath, a raven, a branch of laurel, a lyre, and a bow and quiver.
He was born on the island of Delos.
His love interests include the nymph Daphne, Koronis, and Hyakinthos. Athena Athena is the goddess of wise counsel, war, the defence of towns, heroic endeavour, weaving, pottery, and other crafts.
She was shown wearing a crown, holding a sheild and spear, wearing a cloak adorned with the head of Gorgon.
She was born from the head of Zeus fully grown and arrayed in arms.
She had a contest with Poseidon for dominion of Athens in which she produced the first olive tree and he the first horse. Dionysus is the god of wine, vegetation, pleasure, and festivity
He was depicted as either an older bearded god or a pretty effeminate, long-haired youth.
His attributes included the thyrsos (a pine-cone tipped staff), drinking cup, leopard and fruiting vine.
He was usually accompanied by a troop of Satyrs and Mainades (female devotees or nymphs)
He was born from the thigh of Zeus and fostered by Ino, Seilenos, and the Nysiades.
He once journeyed to the underworld to get his mother and wife. Dionysus Hephaestus is the god of fire, metalworking, stonemasonry, and the art of sculpture.
He was usually depicted as a bearded man holding hammer and tongs and riding a donkey.
He was cast away from Olympos at birth by Hera
He fought the god Skamandros with fire in the Trojan War. Hephaestus The Minotauros (or Minotaur) was a bull-headed monster born to Queen Pasiphae of Krete after she had coupled with a bull.
The creature lived in the twisting maze of the labyrinth, where he was offered a regular sacrifice of youths and maids to satisfy his cannibalistic hunger. People would get trapped in his maze and he would eat them.
He was eventually destroyed by the hero Theseus. Minotaur Sources of Information 1. The Twelve Olympians
Aaron J. Atsma
Aaron J. Atsma
3. The Myth of Theseus and the Minotaur
Greek Myths & Greek Mythology