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Buddhism: Dependent Co-Origination

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Lucy Kelly

on 26 September 2012

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Transcript of Buddhism: Dependent Co-Origination

1. Ignorance: Lack of understanding reality or seeing reality. Buddhism: Dependent Co-Origination This doctrine is absolutely fundamental to Buddhism because it describes and explains Ultimate Reality itself. Buddhists use this doctrine in two basic ways. First, they use it to speak of Ultimate Reality as a whole, explaining how Ultimate Reality is interconnectedness of all through cause and effect. Second, they use it to explain the causal process (the Twelve Links) that keep us humans trapped in samsara, reborn over and over again. This process of rebirth is a small example of the interconnectedness that operates on the universal level in Ultimate Reality itself. They use it to speak of Ultimate Reality as a whole, explaining how Ultimate Reality is interconnectedness of all through cause and effect. First Method Three ways in which we can come to understand how things and events come to be.

1) Complex Web
This is understood as the principle of cause and effect whereby all things and events rise in dependence on a complex web of interrelated causes and conditions.

2) Mutuality
This is understood as the mutual dependence which exists between parts and whole

3) Independence
All phenomena lack independent identity. Articulated by the Madhyamika or Middle Way school of Buddhist philosophy 1. motivation or creative force: co-present cause, function of empowerment not restriction
2. concurrent condition: sometimes two root conditions must be present at the same time. All pairs of opposites cannot be present without the other (ex. lamp and lamplight, A and B). Coexistent dharmas condition each other
3. Seed condition of the same kind: Similars cause similars. Something good brings about good effects. Cause Conditions Six kinds of "cause conditions" 4. Associated condition: seeds support each other in giving rise to something. This condition applies only to mental events. Actions due to mental emotions that lead to a “good deed” but arise because of unwholesome actions makes the deed unwholesome.
5. universal condition: this cause is everywhere and in every part of our bodies and space.
6. Ripening condition: Our store consciousness allows different seeds to ripen at different times and to grow into different things. Six Cause Conditions continued... The Twelve Links of Interdependent Co-Origination Condition for Development This condition either helps seeds grow or obstructs their growth.
Certain seeds develop more quickly than others
Obstacles in life can hinder development Condition for Continuity Practice every day
Practicing steadily will help one develop towards a condition of continuity. Object as Condition If there is no object, there cannot be a subject. 2. Volitional Action: Karma formations. 3. Consciousness: The whole consciousness. 4. Mind/body: Mental element and physical element of our being. The existence of all phenomena is to some extent provisional and determined by convention.

There is no single characteristic which can be used to identify something, but neither does the totality of its characteristics. Characteristics Things exist in relation to a complex nexus of causes and conditions.

There is dependence even in mental phenomena. Dependence 5. Six sense organs: Eyes, ears, nose, tongue, body and mind accompanied by their objects; forms, sounds, smells, tastes, tactile objects and objects of mind. 6. Contact: Contact between sense organs, sense objects, and sense consciousness. 7. Feelings: Pleasant, unpleasant, neutral or mixed. 8. Desires: Craving, natural desire for something that is pleasant. Ultimate reality as a whole; interconnectedness of all through cause and effect
Casual process (twelve links) that keeps humans trapped in samsara

Everything is dependent Connection The root of all suffering. 9. Grasping or attachment: caught up in object that is pleasing. 10. Coming to be ("taking up" in video): Because we desire something, it comes to be. 11. Birth or rebirth 12. Old age and death Blind man or woman. Potter making pots or a man gathering fruit. Monkey Boat House with many windows. Man and women close to each other Man pierced by arrow. Man drinking wine Man picking fruit from a tree. Pregnant woman Woman giving birth. Old woman leaning on a stick or a man carrying a corpse Basis for feelings. Do not exist separately from mind/body. Where the seeds of Karma grow. Objects or our consciousness. Pleasant feeling = attachment. Consciousness, mind/body, the six senses and their objects, contact, and feeling are the effect of ignorance and volitional actions. Because of craving, grasping, and coming to be, there will be birth and death, which means continuation of this chain again and again. How the links connect The distorted actions of body, speech and mind that arise from ignorance
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