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Daycare and Child Attachment

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Shayla Hooper

on 27 November 2012

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Transcript of Daycare and Child Attachment

Home-reared children vs daycare-reared children Daycare-reared Toddlers Daycare It all depends! Most of the studies on this issue have compared the responses of home-reared children and day-care-reared children under the age of 2.
some studies found no significant difference in attachment behavior between the two groups of children;
day-care children were as likely to become distressed as home-reared children when confronting a stranger or being separated from their mothers.
Other studies reported that day-care toddlers did not stay as close to their mothers when playing as did the home-reared children. The typical age of a baby's first placement in a child care center is 33 months
Both high-income and impoverished families are more likely to place their infants & toddlers in daycare.
Children from a single-parent home are more likely to be placed in daycare
Better educated parents are more inclined to put their children in daycare day-care children become more independent as part of their adaptation to daily separation.
those who attend day care centers have been described as more self-sufficient, more cooperative with peers, and more comfortable in new situations.
They are also less polite, less compliant with adults, and more aggressive.
These results may depend on child-rearing attitudes of the parents and the teachers.... IT ALL DEPENDS! Studies have shown... How does daycare affect
attachment? Child Care and Parent–Child Attachments Based on the article "the effects of daycare...development of children" by Jenet Erickson.

Bowlby mentions that children need continued attachment to their mothers.

---While parents are usually out working, children are attending daycare. Therefore, the parents want their children to be alright with attending daycare, parents should have already development a secure attachment to the child where the child knows that "MOM IS LEAVING BUT I KNOW SHE IS GOING TO COME BACK FOR ME"

In class we learn what is needed in order for a child to develop a secure attachment. ---For example: When a parent is responsive and sensitive to the child's needs. If mothers are insensitive about their child's needs then it will result in an insecure attachment.

A study was conducted (Based on the NICHD-SECC_ECCRN).
The study mentioned that:

--Mothers that show a positive reaction to working, they are usually less sensitive and this is usually responsible for the insecure attachment of the child. First off let me STRESS again that depending on how sensitive the parent was to the child it impacts the child's development throughout child care. BUT WAIT THERE'S MORE !!!!!!!!!!

Studies have shown that non-maternal care such as CHILDCARE may have a negative impact on the mother as well.

(-----When children spent more time in daycare their mothers were less sensitive towards them in interactions at 6,15,24, and 36 months. )

- If the child is spending more time at childcare because of the parent's work hours the parent doesn't get the time needed to learn more about the child.

-Therefore the parent doesn't know the child well enough to respond sensitively to what the child needs.

(------In addition to this: at 15,24, and 36 months children depicted negative engagement with their mothers.) There was a greater incidence of insecure attachment in children who spent more than 10 hours a week in childcare.

If the child were to spend less than 10 hours a week in childcare the lower the incidence of insecure attachments.

(Both incidences were dependent on how sensitive the mother was.) --However if parents work less hours they have the chance at being more sensitive and more attentive to their child's needs therefore resulting in a secure attachment. Shayla Hooper
Dayrin Barrios
Yamil Pineda Children's Relationships with Child Care Teachers: Stability and Concordance with Parental Attachment (Howes & Hamilton, 1992) What role does a daycare teacher
have in attachment? Children form secondary attachment
This "key person" forms a bond with the child
Daycare does not compromise mother-child attachment as long the child is not experiencing inattentive parenting and poor child-care at the same time.
It is important to not have a great turn-over rate. What the experts say: Most experts recommend individual care
in a home for the younger children (up to age 2 or 3) and group care for preschool children. Infants and toddlers need the care of one person. Older children can benefit from the intellectual stimulation and peer interaction provided by a good day-care center. Making Choices:
Advantages of
Day Care & Home Care Caregivers in day-cares may be better educated and may have received more specialized training than caregivers in home cased care.
Day-cares usually have a substitute pool so if a teacher is sick or on vacation; a substitute can fill in for the day
Home care usually have fewer children per adult and smaller group sizes
more flexible in serving mildly-ill children.
Home-Care is more likely to offer longer hours and evenings and weekend care.
Home care is more likely to allow flexible schedules and allow for daily adjustments to the schedule. According to our textbook: There are factors that influence whether or not a child attends daycare.

-The family income ("Both high income and impoverished families are more likely to place their infants and toddlers in center-based child care than are working class (Heath,2009, page 138)
This is mainly because high income parents can afford to pay for their child to attend daycares and impoverished families are more likely to receive help from the government to cover the costs

-Level of Education (Depending on the parents' educational background it determines whether or not the child will be put into daycare. How does Childcare Settings affect the child?

There are some aspects of child care settings that have been responsible for displaying positive outcomes within the child.
-For example if the parent displays a sensitive attitude towards the infant or toddler before the child starts daycare. The child will be more willing to be securely attached to the caregiver as well as the parent.

"It is important for parents to choose child care programs that address the developmental needs of their children (Heath, 2009, page 138)."

-The children also require that their caregivers remain consistent just as the parent would. (CONSTANTLY REPLACING caregivers can be detrimental to the child's developing skills)

-This idea of cultural congruence, stems from the idea that children have a chance at developing better if they have someone from their same culture that speaks their same language or acts in a way that may be similar to what they are used to. WORKS CITED PAGE

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