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Thoeries of Architecture - High Tech movement
Transcript of Thoeries of Architecture - High Tech movement
Absence of internal supporting structure
Natural sunlight is the major source of lighting inside the building
Why Britain not America, Germany or china?
Britain’s nostalgia for the great days of the Empire.
Well-known British engineer & architect, Pugin's style.
Britain's period of progress and prosperity.
Source of inspiration
This trend emerged as a result of technological and industrial progress with the birth of construction materials, modern and diverse as steel, glass, plastic.
Reflection of industrial culture
Function and efficiency not symbolic
Most practical alternative not the cheaper
High tech is also called Late Modernism or
Long ago, architects hated the term High Tech:
High Tech & Arts
Pioneer: Anthony Caro
High Tech is a forward-looking, optimistic architecture that believes in progress through industrial technology.
Invention rather than tradition
Temporary arrangements rather than permanent institutions
Ability to control the environment rather than adapting to it.
The typical High Tech building is a factory.
• OLD :
brick-clad building with a saw-tooth north-light roof and a tall chimney
• NEW :
replaced by the shiny metal-clad shed painted a bright color and decorated with bold graphics.
long span structure with a simple skin enclosing an undifferentiated space
Supermarkets / leisure centers / art galleries
Sainsbury supermarket in Canterbury
Foster's Sainsbury Centre for the Visual Arts at the University of East Anglia
Foster's housing at Milton Keynes
Functional satisfaction :
The Steel structure
Ducts Visible air conditioning
Show the work of pipes in general.
by Richard Rogers
modern building techniques
new materials: Steel, aluminum, and glass combine with brightly colored braces, girders, and beams
use of prefabricated elements
consist of a clear glass facade, support beams exposed behind it.
by Rogers and Piano
one kilometer of Notre dame and louver and on the edge of the densely populated medieval quarter
A cultural center consisting of four major activities:
museum of modern art
center for industrial design
center for music and acoustic research
massive structural expressionist
exterior escalators enclosed in transparent tube.
functional elements outside of the building freeing interior space
the pipes and ducts are all color coded
The building was designed and built in six years the main steel structure being erected in six months.
More than a museum
by Richard Rogers
Lime Street in the City of London, the main financial district of London.
The Lloyd took
eight years to build
The Lloyd's building (sometimes known as the Inside-Out Building) is the home of the insurance institution.
Lloyd's a pioneering example of high-tech architecture
All of its services are on display on the outside of the building.
The idea was to make the central spaces as open and flexible as possible. (RRB)
Consists of three main towers that are concentrically oriented around a 60 meter atrium at the heart of the building.
The building is twelve stories to the north and steps down to six stories to the south.
Height: 98 meters
Floor to ceiling height: 3 meters
14 floor above the ground
2 floors below the ground
It has 12 elevators & 10 escalators.
Lower ground level: restaurant, coffee areas, a wine bar, shops, library, meeting rooms and reception area.
Mechanical services, lifts, toilets, kitchens, fire stairs and lobbies are housed in distinct service towers, easily accessible for maintenance.
stainless steel cladding
Materials used in the structure
Twenty-five years after completion in 1986, the building received Grade1 listing in 2011; it was the youngest structure ever to obtain this status.
Hong Kong, China
HongKong Bank (HSBC)
by Norman Foster
It is located along the southern side of Statue Square near the location of the old City Hall
The first HSBC building: Wardley House between 1865 to 1882
In 1886,The main feature: division of the structure into two separate buildings
In 1935, it was the first building in Hong Kong to be fully air-conditioned.
By the 1970s, departments were scattered into offices all over Central Hong Kong. In 1978 the bank decided to tear down its headquarters and rebuild it again.
The New building was finished on November 18, 1985. At that time, it was the most expensive building in the world.
Height: 180 meters
4 basement levels.
"Asian Story Wall"
In 2006, developments: was completed in the form of a ground floor lobby.
Construction system: steel frame and glass.
High degree of prefabrication
Adoption of a suspension structure
As a result, the building form is articulated in a stepped profile of three individual towers.
The vertical loads are transferred by a total of eight columns of cantilever transfer structures In combination with hangers. Together with the diagonals and verticals providing reinforcement tension, they form the dominant features of the facade. Horizontal loads are absorbed by reinforcing stories.
Foster's magnificent building represents a new aesthetic, which no longer distinguishes between the science of Engineering and the arts of Architecture.
Esraa AbdelRehiem Hamed
Roaa Ahmed Hassan Nassar
Rana Osama Saad Mohammed
Rana Khaled Hossny Mahmoud
Rana Emad El-Deen Ezzat
Muhammed Ahmed AbdelHady
Mohamed Essam Ahmed
Marwan Mohammed Kamal
Nada Mohamed Hassan
Noha El-Nasser Mahmoud
Nermin Ahmed AbouL Yazid