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Victoria Falk

on 6 May 2010

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Transcript of Diabetes

Genetic Disorders:
Diabetes By: Victoria and Aleksandra
Period: 3
5/03/10 Diabetes Diabetes mellitus, is a condition in which a person has high blood sugar (glucose) because the body doesn't produce enough insulin Some scientists say:
-The insulin dependent DDM1, Diabtese mellitus is on chromosome 6
-Type 1 Diabetes was found on chromosome 1q42, and possibly 11
-Type 2 Diabetes on Chromosomes 12 and/or 20 Symptoms body fails to produce insulin, requires the person to
inject insulin

Type 1 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes: insulin resistance, when cells fail to use insulin properly, or absolute insulin deficiency Gestational diabetes: pregnant women, who have never had diabetes, have high blood glucose level during pregnancy. It may precede development of type 2 DM. Some diabetes symptoms include:

Frequent urination
Excessive thirst
Extreme hunger
Unusual weight loss
Increased fatigue
Blurry vision Those are also the symptoms for Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Blurry vision
Cuts or sores that are slow to heal
Itchy skin,
Yeast infections
Increased thirst
Dry mouth
Need to urinate often
Leg pain People affected by Diabetes
Approximately 7.8 million (8.3%) of all men in the United States have diabetes.

Approximately 9.1 million (8.9%) of all women in the United States have diabetes.

The largest age group currently affected by diabetes is between 40-59 years
Causes of Diabetes Occurs when the pancreas doesn't make enough or any of the hormone insulin, or the insulin produced doesn't work effectively. In Type 1 diabetes: the cells in the pancreas that make insulin are destroyed Type 2 diabetes is believed to develop when:

available insulin may be abnormal and therefore doesn't work properly.

Increasing age;
obesity; and
physical inactivity.

Prevention • Get regular active excersise
• Eat more fruits, and vegetables
• Eat less meat and cutting out carbs
• Watching your sugar intake Treatment for Diabetes -Specified treatment depending on age and general health
-The healthcare provider and patient can set goals to control blood sugar
-Type 1: Insulin injections
-Type 2: Weight loss and excersise Cure for Diabetes There is no cure, but people can maintain normal lives with the help of treatment Non-Profit Organization for Diabetes There is a non-profit organization for people who have diabetes.
The American Diabetes Association helps raise awarness and benefits research for diabetes Outlook for Patients If they don't take their insulin life time expectancy could be shorter.
Overall, it is normal THANK YOU!
Full transcript