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Writing Skills

English: Grammar

Sam Walker

on 15 July 2012

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Transcript of Writing Skills

. THE LANGUAGE TOOLBOX Language techniques Alliteration Triplets He rapidly ran right along the roof The repetition of Similar Sounds Three similar words together, for effect "We put blood, sweat and tears into that project!" Parts of the sentence Imperatives expresses direct commands or requests Eat your dinner! Imagery Appeals to the (5) SENSES The lovely smell of fried chicken, the crackling fire and the warm lights in the living room made him sleepy. Adverbs Nouns Adjectives Verbs Describes the noun Terrible singing
Useful adjectives Person, place, thing, abstract idea James, King, boy
House, hill, London
Dog, sheep, table, box
Courage, love, shadow Doing words He shouts
Tom opened
Racing to get there, James tripped
She was arrested
He is interviewing her now
Descriptive verbs: the old man hobbled along Modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs He runs quickly
He runs well
He is very ugly
He runs very quickly
We meet quite often Newspapers article Adverts Autobiographies/
biographies Diaries Guides/leaflets Travel writing Letters Writing forms A
T Alliteration/audience/anecdote Fact Opinion Rhetorical Question Emotive language Statistics Triplets Anecdote a short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person "My friend Tom was in Sainsbury's..." Simile Metaphor compares two things using LIKE or AS to understand one thing in terms of another Her hands were cold as ice
The trees swayed like tentacles Brian's face was a brick wall
This mashed potato is sawdust! Onomatopoeia sounds like the thing it is describing There was a load BANG! and everyone went quiet Personification a thing is represented as a person ...the wind yelled at us all night Exclamations Emotive outbursts, statements, or demands Give me your money! Short sentences These can be used for dramatic impact and creating tension. “All right. Now he would not care for death. One thing he had always dreaded was the pain.” , ( ) Comma Use to separate items in a series
Use to separate main clauses
Used in sentences with a sub-clause at the start
Adds information mid-sentence
Shanelle studies English, Maths and Science.
We wanted to go to the movie, but home was more appealing
As a student, Ron had dreamed of being Prime Minister
Valerie, of course, was named Prom Queen
Denotes the end of the sentence Full stop Max loves grammar. I went to the basketball court; I was told it was closed for cleaning. ; Semi-colon Begins a list
Begins a speech : Colon ! Exclamation Mark Adds emphasis Max hates grammar! Denotes a question Question mark ? Are you bored yet? - Dash Adds information mid-sentence I wanted another sweet – my third – so I grabbed one. Denotes possession
Denotes contraction ' Apostrophe That is Hagrid’s bike
That’s the bike that Hagrid bought " " Speech marks Denotes speech or quotation Jek boomed, “This is fun!” ' ' Inverted commas Denotes irony They said this was going to be ‘fun’ Brackets Subtly adds more information (stuff that isn’t needed) Sanjay (the one I told you about) is on his way over ... Ellipsis Denotes missing information
Denotes a pause in speech or unfinished thought

Our Father…give us this day our daily bread
No-one knows who killed Mr Gunn… Punctuation Links two closely-related main clauses This is what I got for Christmas: shoes, blue hat, £50 and a pen
Miss Penny said: “Take your shoes off the seat.” Tabloid, broadsheet, interview, masthead, by-line, sub-heading, scoop Autobiography - about yourself, more personal. Use Anecdote, Emotive Language

Biography - about someone else, more factual. Use Fact, Statistics Start with 'Dear Diary...'
Personal. Use anecdote inform describe advise persuade argue Selling a product. Very visual. Strong text. Think about position, fonts, colour, pictures 2 types:
- one person goes here and there
- e.g. Bruce Parry, 'Amazon'
- narrative account of exotic places
- e.g. Ernest Hemingway, 'The Snows of Kilimanjaro' Very visual and informative
Use Fact, Rhetorical question, Statistics and Imagery your address their address date if you know them... Use 'yours sincerely' Main body
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