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Your Financial Planning

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by

Nelson Ng

on 25 July 2014

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Transcript of Your Financial Planning

Conclusion
- Reduce expense

- Balanced saving and investment

- Frequent review
GOAL!
Your Journey of Financial Planning
Why do you need financial planning?
Three objectives:

1. Life Protection

2. Saving

3. Investing

Life Protection
Saving
Investing
Ongoing life
Tax Planning
Retirement Planning
Estate Planning
Function of Insurance ?
To transfer risk

Including:
Medical expenses
Critical illness
Death
Common Insurance Products
Transfer
Medical expenses
Health Insurance
Critical illness
Critical Illness Insurance
Death
Life Insurance
*

*
General Treatment (private)
$ 150 - 400
Breast Cancer Treatment
(included chemotherapy
and targeted therapy)
$ 100,000 (for six months)
Angioplasty Surgery
$ 110,000 - 200,000
Bypass Surgery
Analysis of Financial Position
$ 388,000
3.5%!
3.5 %
of people in Hong Kong between age 25 to 30 has a cancer
Health Insurance
Critical Illness Insurance
Think one step further...
A health insurance for your beloved children in the future?
A life insurance if one of you quit job to raise your children?
Net Worth Analysis
Net worth 150000 300000 500000 950000

Total cash inflow 490000 420000

Total cash outflow 433350 412890

Spendable income surplus 56650 7110

Reducing some expenses
Evan Ada Joint Total
Solvency Analysis
Affordability of purchasing a property
Basic Information:

Apartment: $4 million (~400 sq.ft)
Minimum pay: $400000 (10%)
Instalment term: 30 years
Mortgage interest: $13000 p.a.
Net income for 3 years: $245799
Rent for 3 years: $360000
Savings-Rent:
-$114201
Debt Ratio 0.57 0.4 0.3
Evan Ada Joint
Debt to Income Ratio 18.34% 1.35%

Basic solvency ratio 0.808 0.411

Liquidity ratio 2.33 0.5 0.53


Evan Ada Joint
Debt Analysis
Need more cash or liquid assets to finance your expenses
High debt ratio
Reduce debt
Estate Planning
1. Joint Tenancy
2. Tenancy by the Entirety
2 Questions to Ponder:
1. When will you retire?

2. In what way do you want to live after retirement?
Different answers lead to different planning!
Watch out for high inflation !
$100
$40
30 years later
1. Be well-prepared to future expense
2. Hold non-cash asset if possible
Future Alternatives
Monthly expense:
Evan

Ada
Current lifestyle:
$ 26497
$ 51093
Economic lifestyle:
$ 18548

$ 35765
Comfortable lifestyle:
$ 39746
$ 76640
How to Accumulate Funds for Retirement?
Annuity
monthly installment
Bigger Annuity Pool
grow steadily itself
Get back whenever you want!
Blue-Chip Stocks
- Earning annual dividend
- Sell after 5 years to gain a difference
Some promising stocks:
HKEX (00388)
CCB (00939)
Government i-bonds:

- A stable yield of return
- Guaranteed bond yield to cover inflation
- Relatively short period (3 years)
Margin FX trading:

Use margin to trade foreign currency as an option.
*Leverage system
Example:
100 USD
10000 USD/EURO
Deposit
(leverage: 1:100)
Buying a call at:
You gain by selling USD and buying EURO. Profit is added to your account.
USD appreciates against EURO:
USD depreciates against EURO:
You lose the difference, which is deducted from your deposit. You may choose to quit (lose all your deposit) or pump money into your account to cover the loss.
Leverage System: multiplied profit = multiplied risk
Be wary of Margin: it may produce risk that you cannot take.
1st Goal: Marriage
Expense $108470
Clients' Personal Profile

2nd Goal: Rent an apartment


Rent budget: ~$10,000 per month
Surplus per month: ~$5,300 per month

How to fill up the gap of $4700?

Client's personal profile
Reduce Expense!

1. Eating out: $122 per day
→cut by bringing lunchbox or having dinner at home.

2. Medical expense: →personal and medical expense claimed by insurance
The property is passed automatically to the surviving spouse when a spouse dies.
(After your parents over 55 years old) Dependent Parent and Dependent Grandparent Allowance
TAX AMOUNT
Joint
Assesstment$95950
Individual
Assesstment
$83950
Option 1: Purchase
Solution: Use John's gift ($500,000) to purchase immediately
Option 2: Rent
Basic information:
Rent: $10000
Solution: Reduce expense, save more and invest more
Rent first, buy later
OR
Making a will & creating trust
Why trust or will?
- To manage or disburse asset according to your will after death
What is a trust (living trust)?
- It is created and funded with your asset when you are alive, which designated a successor trustee to take over and manage your asset as your wish.
I'm going to pass out soon?
1. Create & fund a revocable living trust
2. Have a will
3. Double-check who's the beneficiary
(including life insurance)
4. Make any gifts if you wish
3.5%!
A research found that 3.5% of Hong Kong people between 25-30 has a cancer.
$400,000
Full transcript