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Schizotypal

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Alana Guidry

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Schizotypal

Diagnosis
Genetic
Individuals with schizotypal personality disorder are more likely to have relatives who are also affected.
Biological
There may be a change in the way the brain functions.
Environmental
Scientific research points to those with childhood trauma and abuse having an increased risk of getting the personality disorder.
People often haven't heard of the disorder, and may group it in with schizophrenia.
Those affected by schizotypal personality disorder can be labeled as insane or crazy due to their belief in the supernatural.
The social effects of the condition can lead others to avoid and ridicule the individual.
We can combat these inaccurate ideas by educating and desensitizing people to the subject of mental disorders. As well, more research on the subject of schizotypal individuals is necessary to increase understanding and the treatments available to those suffering from it.
Schizotypal
Personality Disorder
Schizotypal individuals often suffer from a variety of symptoms, and no case is exactly the same. That said, the general signs of a person suffering from schizotypal personality disorder are....
Unrealistic, unusual, and deep rooted belief in the supernatural or in otherworldly powers including the existence of magic, aliens, telekinesis, and/or physic powers.
A paranoid/suspicious perception of reality
Odd speech patterns and/or movements
Hallucinations involving the body
Bizarre behaviors, appearances, and thinking patterns
Lacks close friends and family
Deals with social anxiety and discomfort.
Diagnosis
These symptoms do not need to appear along with schizophrenia, and can be diagnosed individually as a separate condition. However, it can also act as a precursor to schizophrenia.
The indicators must appear in multiple situations, and should start around early adulthood.
Finally, the symptoms cannot be brought on by external substances (such as drugs and medicine) or by another separate medical conditions.
An individual must suffer from three or more of these symptoms for at least two years, either continuously or on and off.
Secret Message:
Hi:) Alana, I am currently in spare right now... Doing math.. heh...
Case Study
Etiology
The causes of schizotypal disorder are often thought to be related to the biopsychosocial method of causation.
Stigma
A lot of the stigma related to the schizotypal personality disorder stems from a lack of information and common knowledge about the condition .
Treatments
-This is treated with a combination of
medication
and
psychotherapy
-If an individual has symptoms such as illogical thinking, depression and/or anxiety, those individuals can be given antipsychotic, antidepressant and/or antianxiety medications by a doctor.
-There are four types of psychotherapies that an individual can go through:
1. Psychodymanic therapies: seeks to build a therapeutically trusting relationship to counter the mistrust of people. This will hopefully generalize other relationships and relax the social anxieties.
2. Cognitive-Behavioral Theory: focuses on altering and addressing the distorted thought process of the individual.
3. Interpersonal Therapy: this approach allows the individual to stay distant from the relationship with their therapist while "warming up" to the therapist. This will eventually lead to the patient developing trust in the therapist due to their lack of invasion of personal space and then they will start talking with the therapist.
4. Group Therapy: exposes the patient to a social environment that is safe. This is recommended for schizotypal individuals who do not display severe eccentric or paranoid behavior.
João is a 32 year old male who is living in Portugal with his parents. Since childhood he always focused on excelling in school and always wanted to be noticed for his achievements. However, despite wanting attention he always felt anxious and depressed in social situations.
After graduating with a standard of excellence he was accepted into the best engineering school in Portugal in 2000, however this was one of his worst experiences in his life. He was constantly depressed and anxious to the point of physical pain and he would cry everyday after school when he got home. He wasn't able to focus on school anymore, which was his one passion in life, and this was when his parents started to notice his depression and there was something wrong with him.
He started seeing a psychiatrist in 2001 and he was diagnosed with a social phobia and started to take medications and started to attend a day psychiatric hospital. At the hospital he attended individual and group therapies, and did group activities to help him cope with his phobia.

Schizotypal personality disorder, (2011), retrieved on October 18 from, http://www.minddisorders.com/Py-Z/Schizotypal-personality-disorder.html

Psych Central. (2013). Schizotypal Personality Disorder Symptoms. Psych Central. Retrieved on October 18, 2013, from http://psychcentral.com/disorders/schizotypal-personality-disorder-symptoms/

Schizotypal Peronality Disorder, (n.d.). Retrieved on October 20 from, http://www.drugs.com/health-guide/schizotypal-personality-disorder.html

World Health Organization, (1992). Schizotypal Personality Disorder, retrieved on October 20, from, http://www.mentalhealth.com/icd/p22-pe03.html

Joaocastilho (2011, June 24). my story with schizotypal pd (updated), retrieved on October 24, from, http://www.psychforums.com/schizotypal-personality/topic67281.html
References
What's the Difference?
There are a few important distinctions between Schizophrenia and Schizotypal Personality Disorder.
The hallucinations associated with Schizotypal Personality Disorder are shorter, occur less frequently, and are less intense than those of Schizophrenics.

Those diagnosed with Schizotypal Personality Disorder are more likely to accept or understand that their suspicions and/or delusions are out of touch with reality, whereas those with Schizophrenia are less likely to acknowledge it.
After a couple of months of attending the day psychiatric hospital he continued with school, however for the next five years he was only able to complete five courses, which is the amount of courses everyone else completed in one semester. So he decided to drop out of the engineering school and attend a less prestigious school, thinking it would be easier for him.
Later that year, he was diagnosed with Schizotypal Personality Disorder and after being diagnosed he continued to try taking different courses, for many years, but continuously dropped out of those courses and eventually dropped out of school altogether. In 2011 he started taking medication for his depression, but he wasn't able to start school again.
Now, he often stays at home and fantasizes of his life that he could have if he did not have a disorder. He is still not fully able to deal with this illness, however he copes by posting blogs and gaining relationships through the internet, which allows him to talk about himself and express his feelings.
João
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